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|Municipality of Culasi|
Map of Antique with Culasi highlighted
|Region||Western Visayas (Region VI)|
|Barangays||44 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Jose Jeffrey Lomugdang|
|• Electorate||23,942 voters (2016)|
|• Total||228.56 km2 (88.25 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||2,117 m (6,946 ft)|
|• Density||180/km2 (470/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)36|
|Climate type||Tropical climate|
|Income class||3rd municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||115,224,267.25 (2016)|
|Native languages||Kinaray-a language|
Culasi, officially the Municipality of Culasi, (Kinaray-a: Banwa kang Culasi; Hiligaynon: Banwa sang Culasi; Tagalog: Bayan ng Culasi), is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Antique, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 41,228 people. The municipality is known as the home of Mount Madia-as, an enchanted mountain sacred to ancient Visayans as it is home to the god of death, Sidapa, boy-god of the moon, Bulan, and god of meteors, Bulalakaw.
During the Spanish colonial times, Culasi was known by its old name "Bacong". Now, Bacong is only one of its barangays. Bacong was one of the four visitas or towns established by the Spaniards. The others were Nalupa (now Barbaza), Bugason (now Bugasong), and Hamtik (now Hamtic). The name Culasi or Kulasi was derived from the local term for a species of mangrove Lumnitzera racemosa which grow abundantly in the vicinity's river basin.
The 1905 census revealed that Culasi had the biggest Chinese population in Antique, so much so that it had a barrio named "Villa de Hong Kong" in their honor. It is now part of the Poblacion.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 228.56 square kilometres (88.25 sq mi)  constituting 8.37% of the 2,729.17-square-kilometre- (1,053.74 sq mi) total area of Antique.
Located in the northern portion of the province, it is bounded on the north by Sebaste, south by Tibiao, west by the Sulu Sea and east by Mount Madja-as and the Municipality of Madalag, Aklan, just beyond. Its territory includes Maniguin (or Maningning / Hammerhead) and Batbatan Islands.
Excluding the outlying islands, its northernmost point is located at 11°32’05" latitude and 122°05’00" longitude. Its easternmost point is located at 11°30’50" latitude and 122°10’05" longitude. Its southernmost point is located at 11°21’04" latitude and 122°02’08" longitude and the westernmost point is at 11°31’05" latitude and 122°03’08" longitude.
Culasi has a slope of 8°. Eastern height ranges from 200 metres (660 ft) to 2,117 metres (6,946 ft) at the summit of Mount Madia-as, it is the highest point in Panay. It has unbroken mountain range from barangay Batonan Sur in the south to barangay Salde in the northernmost. From the peak of Madia-as Mountain it gradually flattens down to a narrow strip of the coastal plain. Land area roughly covers 82.92% upland and above lowland comprises 17.08% of the land area with a slope of 18% and below. Forest areas comprise almost half of the total land area covering 12,078 hectares (29,850 acres).
Culasi has two distinct seasons, the rainy and dry. Rainy season occurs in the months of May to November and dry season for the rest of the year. Areas like the mountainous barangays of Flores and Osorio located at the southern portion of the municipality are characterized by a relatively cool temperature which is highly suited for coffee. The higher precipitation acquired may be caused by high mountain range or because of its high topography.
|060606032||Centro Norte (Poblacion)||5.1%||2,114||1,947||1.58%|
|060606033||Centro Sur (Poblacion)||4.0%||1,654||1,791||−1.50%|
|Population census of Culasi|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, Culasi had a population of 41,228. The population density was 180 inhabitants per square kilometre (470/sq mi).
Farming and fishing are the major livelihood where the Culasinhon depend their living.
The rolling hills of Mount Madja-as are rich in manganese, copper and coal found in Timbaban. Other metallic mineral deposits are white clay and pebbles in the island barangays of Malalison and Batbatan. Sand and gravel is being extracted in various rivers and used for infrastructure. Another metallic mineral is the limestone deposit found in Sitio Bula, Camancijan and is used for agricultural and industrial purpose. Limestone is used in the production of cement.
Most treasured one is the oil deposit in Maniguin Island explored by the Philippine National Oil Corporation (PNOC). Several companies drilled oil deposit in Maniguin with black coal. Maniguin has a potential reserve of 28 million barrels to 250 mmbbls. based on the PNOC drilling project report.
- Landline: Panay Telephone Corp. (PANTELCO)
- Cellular: Smart, Globe, Sun Cellular
- Postal Services: PhilPost
- Cable Television: Kalibo Cable TV-Culasi (Culasi CATV)
- Radio Station: Radyo Natin 101.1 (DYRE-FM) - MBC/Madjaas Communication Service, Sweet FM 95.9 - Xanthone Broadcasting
- Television: over-the-air TV signals picked up in the area are from Iloilo TV stations especially ABS-CBN TV 10 Iloilo which has a stronger signal.
- Vicente A. Javier Memorial Community College (VAJMCC)
- Bitadton National High School (BNHS)
- Lipata - Lamputong Integrated School (LLIS)
- Northern Antique Vocational School (NAVS)
- Saint Michael High School of Culasi, Inc. (SMHS)
- San Antonio National High School (SANHS)
- Alojipan Primary School
- Bagacay Elementary School
- Balac-Balac Primary School
- Batbatan Elementary School
- Batonan Norte Elementary School
- Batonan Sur Primary School
- Bitadton Elementary School
- Buenavista Elementary School
- Buhi Elementary School
- Camancijan Elementary School
- Carit-an Elementary School
- Culasi Central School
- Culasi North Elementary School
- Esperanza Elementary School
- Fe-Caridad Elementary School
- Flores Elementary School
- Kawit Elementary School
- Light Bearer's Fundamental Baptist Learning Center, Inc.
- Mag-ayad Primary School
- Magsaysay Elementary School
- Malacañang Elementary School
- Malalison Elementary School
- Maniguin Elementary School
- Naba Primary School
- Osorio Elementary School
- Paningayan Primary School
- Saint Michael the Archangel Grade School of Culasi, Inc. (SMAGS)
- San Antonio Elementary School
- San Juan Elementary School
- San Luis-Condes Elementary School
- San Pascual Primary School
- San Vicente Elementary School
- Tomao Primary School
- Valderrama Elementary School
- Culasi Christian Learning Center (CCLC)
- Culasi Cooperative Learning Center (CMPC-LC)
- Day Care Centers (DCCs)
- Saint Michael Parochial Kindergarten School (SMPKS)
- Seaside Baptist Learning Center, Inc. (SBLCI)
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Antique". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Municipal: Culasi". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Antique". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
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