Culemborg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Culemborg
City and municipality
Culemborg market square
Culemborg market square
Flag of Culemborg
Flag
Coat of arms of Culemborg
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Culemborg in a municipal map of Utrecht
Location in Gelderland
Coordinates: 51°57′N 5°14′E / 51.950°N 5.233°E / 51.950; 5.233Coordinates: 51°57′N 5°14′E / 51.950°N 5.233°E / 51.950; 5.233
Country Netherlands
Province Gelderland
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Roland van Schelven (D66)
Area[2]
 • Total 31.14 km2 (12.02 sq mi)
 • Land 29.42 km2 (11.36 sq mi)
 • Water 1.72 km2 (0.66 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 5 m (16 ft)
Population (February 2017)[4]
 • Total 27,568
 • Density 937/km2 (2,430/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Culemborger
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 4100–4107
Area code 0345
Website www.culemborg.nl
Town gate: de Binnenpoort
Windmill: molen de Hoop

Culemborg (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈkyləmbɔrx]) is a municipality and a city in the centre of the Netherlands. The city has a population of 27,568,[5] and is situated just south of the Lek river. Direct train lines run from the railway station towards the cities of Utrecht and Den Bosch.

History[edit]

Culemborg in Joan Blaeu's map from his Tooneel der Steeden, 1649

Culemborg, formerly also spelled Kuilenburg or Kuylenburgh, received city rights in 1318. For a long time, Culemborg was independent from any counties or duchies in the Netherlands. The city had gained the right of toll collection and the right of asylum: it was a so-called 'Vrijstad' (free city). In practice, this meant that people who had fled to Culemborg from other cities (for example due to bankruptcy) could evade their creditors in Culemorg. The creditors would not be allowed entry into the city. This did not mean that criminals could escape justice in Culemborg: the city had its own justice system which could sentence criminals. In Amsterdam, the phrase 'Naar Culemborg gaan' (Going to Culemborg) became synonymous with going bankrupt.

In Joan Blaeu's map of 1649, Culemborg remains entirely enclosed by walls behind its city moat-like encircling canals. The moated castle stands outside the city walls. Houses present a united front along streets and the two canals that cut the city in three sections, but they all face gardens behind, and market gardens are plentiful within the city walls.

In the beginning of the 18th century, Culemborg effectively lost its independence as it was incorporated into the Nijmegen Quarter, although it regained some sovereign rights. Later, it was gifted to stadholder Willem IV. To this day, the Dutch king Willem-Alexander remains count of Culemborg. In 1795, the city was occupied by French forces, who left the castle in such a despicable state it was demolished after the French had left. A few years later it was completely incorporated in the Bataafse Republiek, and losing its sovereign rights.

In 1868, a railway bridge was built over the river Lek which was the longest bridge in Europe for a few years.

In 1995, Culemborg was one of the cities which was temporarily evacuated because of the risk of flooding.

Transportation[edit]

Culemborg is served by Culemborg railway station, which offers trains to Utrecht (city) 4x per hour and 2x per hour to Breda and Tiel each. The railway station also provides a bus hub, offering buses to the various neighbouring cities and villages (namely Buren, Beusichem and Nieuwegein).

Topography[edit]

Gem-Culemborg-OpenTopo.jpg

Dutch topographic map of the municipality of Culemborg, June 2015

Industry[edit]

Dough processing company Rademaker BV, founded in 1977, moved to Culemborg in 1981 and still has their headquarters here.

Windmills[edit]

There are two traditional windmills in Culemborg, De Hoop and Johanna. The base of a third mill, De Koornvriend, also survives.[6]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Burgemeester Van Schelven" [Mayor Van Schelven] (in Dutch). Gemeente Culemborg. Retrieved 23 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 4101BK". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 23 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 7 April 2017. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  5. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 7 April 2017. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  6. ^ "De Koornvriend, Culemborg" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 6 November 2014. 

External links[edit]