Cullera

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Cullera
Municipality
Coat of arms of Cullera
Coat of arms
Cullera is located in Spain
Cullera
Cullera
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 39°9′50″N 0°15′6″W / 39.16389°N 0.25167°W / 39.16389; -0.25167Coordinates: 39°9′50″N 0°15′6″W / 39.16389°N 0.25167°W / 39.16389; -0.25167
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Valencian Community
Province Valencia
Comarca Ribera Baixa
Judicial district Sueca
Government
 • Alcalde Ernesto Sanjuán Martínez
Area
 • Total 53.8 km2 (20.8 sq mi)
Elevation 2 m (7 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 24,821
 • Density 460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Demonym Cullerenc, cullerenca
Cullerà, cullerana
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 46400
Official language(s) Spanish, Valencian
Website Official website
Torres de San Antonio Resort beach, Cullera

Cullera (Valencian pronunciation: [kuˈʎeɾa]) is a municipality in Valencia in the Valencian Community, Spain, situated in the Ribera Baixa comarca.

Geography[edit]

Cullera is situated at the mouth of the Júcar river, 40 km from the capital of Valencia.

Neighbourhoods and hamlets[edit]

The main neighbourhoods of Cullera are:

  • El Brosquil.
  • Cullera-Park.
  • Cap-Blanc.
  • El Dosel.
  • El Estany.
  • El Marenyet.
  • Mareny de San Lorenzo.
  • Mareny Blau.

Bordering cities[edit]

Sueca, Corbera, Llaurí, Favara, and Tavernes de Valldigna all neighbour Cullera. They are all in the province of Valencia.

Topography[edit]

The mountain of Cullera, known as Munt de l'Or or Muntanya de l'Or is the last mountain in the Iberian System before the Mediterranean Sea. It has an altitude of 233 meters. The historical parts of the city are to the south, and the modern tourist district is to the east, looking to the sea.

The San Lorenzo lagoon is a small lake situated north of the mountain. It once formed part of a much bigger lake before the lands were drained for agricultural use. The lake now marks the southern limit of the Parque Natural de la Albufera.

Demographics[edit]

Demographic Change[1]
1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
20.927 20.336 20.663 20.595 20.397 20.663 20.622 22.544 23.619 23.777 23.813

Economy[edit]

The economy in Cullera is traditionally based in agriculture, with rice and oranges as important crops. Fishing, historically a large part of the economy, has diminished in importance due to important tourism developments, both nationally and internationally, in the region.

Historical and artistic landmarks[edit]

Santa Ana tower
Sanctuary of the Virgin of the Castle
  • Castle: At the top of the mountain, dominating the city and the sea, there is a fortress built in the 13th century over the old Moorish fortress. It once was walled, although those walls no longer remain. Located there are the rest of the old towers, forming part of the old walled area on the mountain.[2]
  • Sanctuary of the Virgen del Castillo: (19th century) Within the fortress, there is the sanctuary of the Virgen del Castillo, whose festival is celebrated the week after Passover.
  • Church of the Saint Johns: A neoclassical temple from the 17th century built over an older Gothic temple. Inside, there is a sacristía and the interior of a bell tower. The temple has recently been restored.[3]
  • Torre del marenyet: An old watchtower built to watch the Júcar river. It was erected in the 15th century as a defense against barbary pirates.[4]
  • Cave of Dragut: This cave depicts the invasion of the Berbers in Cullera, and it is said that the pirate Dragut was once there.[5][6]
  • Hermitage of the stone saints (Abdon and Sennen): The building, situated on a hill surrounded by rice crops, was dedicated to these saints because they are related to the welfare of the crops. Nowadays, the Hermitage, which was built in the 18th century, has been reconverted into a museum dedicated to rice, from species to crops and tools, which is very important for Valencian cuisine.[8]
  • Abric Lambert cave paintings: Named after its discoverer Lambert Oliver, the Abric Lambert is located in the north-west side of the mountain. The paintings are several figures painted in a dark red shade with cruciforms and comb-shaped figures that have been interpreted as animal and human figures.[9]

Food[edit]

The typical food of the region is the so-called Mediterranean diet, which is characterized by a rich selection of vegetables. In Cullera's orchards, there are many citrus crops (oranges, mandarins and lemons), as well as fish and seafood of the nearby ocean. Alongside the offerings of the orchards, not to mention the seafood, there are dozens of ways to prepare rice: arroz al horno, arroz a banda, etc.

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ficha municipal Cullera" [Municipal sketch Cullera] (in Spanish). Institut valencià d'estadística. 2011. p. 1. Retrieved 2012-05-13. 
  2. ^ "El Castillo" (in Spanish). Cullera Turismo. Retrieved 2012-05-13. 
  3. ^ "Parish Church of Los Santos Juanes" (in English). Cullera Turismo. Retrieved 2012-05-13. 
  4. ^ "Marenyet Tower" (in English). Cullera Turismo. Retrieved 2012-05-13. 
  5. ^ "Museum". Cueva del Dragut. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  6. ^ "Museo Temático de la Piratería Cueva-Museo del Pirata Dragut". Cullera Turismo. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  7. ^ "Refugio-Museo del Mercado Municipal" (in Spanish). Cullera Turismo. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  8. ^ "Museo Temático-Museo del Arroz" (in Spanish). Cullera Turismo. Retrieved 2012-08-05. 
  9. ^ "'Abric Lambert' Cave Paintings" (in English). Cullera Turismo. Retrieved 2013-12-14. 
  10. ^ "Twin cities monument". Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  11. ^ "List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany". Pueblos-Espana. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.