Culmington is a village and civil parish in south Shropshire, England, about 3 1⁄2 miles (5.6 km) east of Craven Arms and 4 1⁄2 miles (7 km) north of Ludlow. The village is about 330 feet (100 m) above sea level, beside the River Corve, just east of the B4365 road. The 2011 Census recorded the parish population as 423.
The Domesday Book of 1086 records the parish in the hundred of Culvestan. The book records that at the time the manor of Culmington was held by Earl Roger of Shrewsbury and valued at £6. The area was entrusted to the Earl by his cousin, King William. 12 villagers were recorded in the parish, with a total of 4 slaves. Before the control of the Earl, the area of Culmington and much of the Shropshire county belonged to Edric the Wild. He is reputed to have held the Welsh border with a heavy hand. The Domesday Book records the name as "Comintone". The Saxon border thegn, Edric the Wild, held the areas of Sireton, Comitome and Elsich. Known today as Serifton, Culmington and Elsich respectively. The Saxon hundred of Culvestan was replaced in the reign of Henry I by the hundred of Munslow, of which Culmington was made a part.
The names of Culmington and the hundred of Culvestan are similar but it is not clear whether the two share a common toponymy, with Culmington's name possibly deriving from "the estate of Cuthhelm". The meaning of the first element of Culvestan is also uncertain, and may derive from another personal name, possibly Cuthwulf. The Domesday Book records two slightly different spellings of the hundred's name – twice as Colmestan(e) and once as Comestane – which are more similar to Culmington (which was spelled as Comintone). However this is believed to be the possible result of assimilation to the name of Culmington by the scribe.
18th to 20th centuries
In 1770 the Earl of Stafford owned the estate of Comitome. The estates of Comitome and Sirefton that were owned by the Earl were sold to Gideon Bickerdike.
The current Manor House was thought to be built in 1856 by Edward Wood whose family had also bought the nearby Diddlebury Hall. According to Frederic Kelly, His Majesty's Inspector of Inland Letter Carriers, the principal landowners in 1891 were Edward Wood Esq. and John Derby Allcroft Esq. The chief crops grown on the land were wheat, barley, oats and turnips. This was due to the 'gravelly, clay loam' that the soil consisted of.
In the 19th century Culmington was described as:
- "a township and a parish in Ludlow district, Salop. The township lies on the river Corve, 3 miles NE of Onibury r. station, and 4½ N by W of Ludlow. The parish includes also the townships of Burley, Siefton, and Bache and Norton; and its post town is Bromfield, Salop."
In 1929 Frederic Kelly completed another survey of Culmington and noted changes to the area. A tablet was added to the rear wall of the church bearing the names of all that fell during the Great War. By 1929, Culmington had attained a post office and laundry. A district nurse also visited the parish. A bus service was initially provided by Evans of Aston, that travelled to Ludlow.
The 2011 Census recorded the parish population as 423. The population time series shows a gradual increase in the parish's population post-1945. Prior to this, the population was steadily declining. At its highest total, Culmington's population was 569. That was in 1821. At the peak of the time series graph, the population was 556. The steady decline could be due to a multitude of factors, including the emergence of industrial towns over the late 19th and early 20th century.
Most of the village's population is of white British descent. 417 residents of Culmington's total population are White British. This is to be expected of rural townships such as Culmington. 211 of Culmington's population, aged from 16–74, are employed. This equates to almost half the total population of Culmington. Within this, the largest sector for employment is that of technical and professional occupations. 54 people hold employment of this kind. This is followed by 50 residents working within blue collar, skilled employment that includes many professions that would encourage self-employment.
A large proportion of the residents of Culmington are retired. Culmington's population age range is wide, but there is a preponderance of people above retirement age. The parish has a large number of children, who up to the age of 16 are not employed. There are a total of 65 dependent children within the parish. The population of Culmington has high attainment with regards to qualifications, with only 76 people having no qualifications and 110 having qualifications from Level 4 and above.
The Church of England parish church of All Saints is an 11th-century Anglo-Saxon building with a 14th-century Gothic tower. The tower has a unique aluminium structure that was added in 1970. Inside the church are the remains of a mural of the ten commandments. The church is a Grade II* listed building.
Culmington Manor is a 100-acre (40 ha) estate that today hosts various events and residential trips, providing exceptional facilities in an area of outstanding natural beauty. The park was created in the 19th century when the Manor was "surrounded by a small park, with two lodges at the entrance to drives".
- "Culmington: Key figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
- "Place: Culmington". Open Domesday. University of Hull. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- Open Domesday Culmington
- "Culmington History in a Nutshell". Culmington. Culmington Parish. Archived from the original on 24 April 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- Gelling, Margaret; Foxall, HDG (1990). Place-Names of Shropshire. Part I. p. 105.
- Anderson, Olof (1934). English Hundred Names. p. 159.
- Kelly, Frederic Festus. "History – The 1891 version". His Majestys Inspector of Inland Letter Carriers. Culmington Parish. Archived from the original on 26 April 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
- Wilson, John Marius (1870–72). Gazetteer of England and Wales (1 ed.). London and Edinburgh: A Fullarton and Co. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
- Kelly, Frederic Festus. "History – The 1929 version". Culmington Parish. Archived from the original on 27 April 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
- "Culmington CP through time". Vision of Britain. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
- "Culmington: Key Figures for 2011 Census: Ethnic Group (2011)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
- "Culmington: Key figures for 2011 Census: Occupation (2011)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
- "Families with Dependent Children". Culmington Parish. Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "Highest Level of Qualification". Culmington Parish. Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
- "Brief History of Culmington Church". Culmington. Discovering Shropshire's History. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
- Historic England. "Church of All Saints (Grade II*) (1269907)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
- Historic England. "Camp Ring motte and bailey castle, enclosure, fishpond and ridge and furrow 400m east of Culmington Farm (1012855)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
- "Culmington Manor". Culmington Manor, Shropshire, England. Manor Adventure. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
- "Culmington Manor Park". Culmington Manor Park History. Discovering Shropshire's History. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1958). Shropshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 117.
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