Cultural depictions of Elvis Presley

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Elvis Presley has inspired artistic and cultural works since he entered the national consciousness. From that point, interest in his personal and public life has never stopped. Some scholars have studied many aspects of his profound cultural influence.[1] Billboard historian Joel Whitburn declared Presley the "#1 act of the Rock era".

The following lists cover various media which include items of historic interest, enduring works of high art, and recent representations in popular culture. Only people and works with Wikipedia articles are included.

For purposes of classification, popular culture music is a separate section from operas and oratorios. Television covers live action series, TV movies, miniseries, and North American animation but not Japanese anime, which appears with manga and graphic novels.

Advertising[edit]

Art i) Andy Warhol[edit]

  • Known Andy Warhol's sikscreens featuring the image (s) of Elvis Presley and their current location, including art museums worldwide, as well as prices met, when known.

i) "Single Elvis", 1963, acquired in 2009 for a price still undetermined by billionaire Eli Broad, founder and owner of The Broad Museum, in Los Angeles, CA, where it is now located. Similar original silkscreens, all from 1963, are located at 1) the Museum Ludwig in Cologne, Germany, 2) the National Gallery of Australia in Parkes, Canberra, 3) the Akron Art Museum, in Akron OH 4) The Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, PA and 5) the Modern Wing of the Art Institute of Chicago, in Chicago Il. Note: On May 11, 2004, a "Single Elvis " was sold at Christie's in NYC for US$3,367,500

ii) "Elvis I and II", 1963-64, one located at the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada, with another at the Berlin Pergamon Museum of Art in Berlin, Germany.

iii) "Double Elvis", 1963, sold privately in 1989 by the Estate of Albert Grossman, (previous owner, Grossman's main client, Bob Dylan) to the New York Museum of Modern Art for US750,000. Another 21 original silkscreens similar to the aforementioned are said to exist, including those located at the 1) Seattle Art Museum, in Seattle, WA (for which Warhol made a second, blank panel to be paired with the painting to emphasize absence and loss; 2) the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, in Bilbao, Spain (6 x 6.9 feet); 3) the Kunsthalle Hamburg Museum, in Hamburg Germany; 4) the Fukuoka Art Museum, in Japan; and 5) "Ghost Elvis" because it is the final and most opaque image in the series, as exhibited in July 2012 at the Halcyon Gallery in London England. See also v) below,

iv) "Double Elvis", 1963, (3.5 X 6.6 feet) sold at New York's Sotheby's on May 9, 2012 for US$37.1 million, its buyers being billionaires Jose Mugrabi and then Steve Wynn, respectively. Six years later, on May 17, 2018 at Christie's in New York, Wynn sold it for US$37,000,000, the buyer being the British art dealer Brett Gorvy, co-owner of the Levy-Gorby Gallery in NY, London and Geneva. He in turn confirmed his purchasing of the Double Elvis being actually done on behalf of one of his clients. Another original, also quite alike the latter and entitled "Elvis 2 times" 1963, can be found at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York.

v) "Elvis X2", 1963, (13 x 6.82 feet) bought for US$15.7 million. at Christie's on 13 November 2007 and currently located at the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto. Canada-

vi) "Triple Elvis", 1963, purchased at Christie's on November 13, 2014 for US$81.9 million by billionaires Doris and Donald Fisher, who lent it to the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. Four other similar silkscreens, also from 1963, can be found at 1) the Richmond Art Museum in Richmond, VA, its original owners being philanthropists Frances and Sydney Lewis. At one point, it was loaned to the Mississippi Museum of Art in Jackson, MS, thereby remain there until July 8, 2018 and 2) the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York, this one with two of the figures closely mixed and a third, isolated. 3) The Luigi e Peppino Agrati Collection, shown at Milan's Italian Gallery in May 2018, its three heads joined at the ears and 4) the Saatchi Gallery, London, England, the three images so much apart from each other that the middle one only meets the other two at its feet.

vii) "Elvis five" located at The Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, PA.

vii) "Eight Elvises", 1963, a one of a kind large silkscreen sold privately on 26 October 2008 by Italian art collector Annibale Berlingieri, for US$100 million (US$111.2 million with fees). It is thought to have been purchased by the House of Thani's Qatari Royal family.

viii) "Elvis eleven times", 1963, the largest Elvis by Warhol in existence, as well as being a unique piece, currently located at The Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, PA

ix) "Campbell's Elvis", 1962, Warhol's first painting in which he superimposed two images onto a single canvas, auctioned at Christie's on 10 November 2010 for US$1.45 million.

x) "Gold(en) Boot (Slippers) Elvis Presley", 1957. Currently in the private collection of actor Tom Lacy of the NBC TV series Law & Order

xi) "Red Elvis," 1962, bought privately in February 2000, for US$2.9 million and later adjudicated, after a Connecticut Superior Court ruling, to its original owner, multi millionaire art collector Peter Brant.

xii) "Elvis 21 times", 1962, sold at Sotheby's on May 3, 1993 for a still undisclosed amount. The seller was the Andy Warhol Foundation, the buyer being Warhol collector and actress Jane Holzer. It is now on loan at the Joseph K. Levene Fine Art Gallery in Nueva York.

xiii) "Elvis 49 times" 1964 (5 x 7 feet) Sold in late 1975 by Warhol to his friends, both of them art dealers, Messrs Todd Brasser and Stuart Puvar. In the 1980s, they sold it to art dealer Leo Castelli for US$75,000. The painting then was sold to millionaire and art dealer Charles Saatchi who more recently sold it to multi millionaire Robert Mnuchin, in whose home it now hangs.

xiv) "Elvis Presley Rock Close up", 1964, at the Art NY Gallery.

  • Totals paid (at either auctions houses or privately) for the eight above silkscreens whose prices are known, as of May 18, 2018: US$280,000,000.
  • See also List of most expensive paintings

Art ii) Others[edit]

  • Other Elvis-related,or based on known earlier works focussing on Elvis and prices met, when applicable.

(Artists listed in alphabetical order, for ease of reference)

  • Jef Aerosol's Elvis, at the Passage des Postes, Rue Blainville, Latin Quarter,Paris.
  • Craig Alan's "Elvis", at the Whitewall Galleries, headquartered in High Wycombe, London.
  • Bill Belew's sketch of an Elvis jumpsuit, sold at Sotheby's for US$35,000 on November 23, 2013.
  • Ashley Bickerton's "The Bar" as presented at the Art Basel in Hong Kong, after which it sold for $290,000, its foreground, on jute, copying the seams in the pants worn by Elvis in the original color photo used by Andy Warhol in his Elvis series.
  • BMW 507 "BMW 507 Elvis- Munchen y Graceland" by Argentinean artist Jorge M. Garcia
  • G. Boersma, Double Elvis- Originally located at Saatchi Art Painting Of Woman Enjoying Portrait Of Elvis Presley By Andy Warhol, crylic on masonite 8" x 8" (sold, 2018)
  • Ryan Callahan's Hans Solo Double, as shown at the Robert Fontaine Gallery in Miami, FL
  • City of Tupelo's "You may have a pink Cadillac, but don't you be nobody's fool." Official Artwork for the 2019 anniversary Elvis Birthday Celebration
  • Bonnie Daly's "Pablo Presley", 1994, 19.5” x 11”, acrylic on paper currently at the Museum of Bad Art,in Dwedham, MA
  • Simon Dixon's Elvis 56, 30x30 prints at Art Republic.
  • Howard Finster's "Elvis", an enamel, 11-by-12½-inch painting on board depicting Elvis and his manager at the set of Love me Tender. It sold at a Material Culture auction in Philadelphia, PA, for $12,500 on May 7, 2018.
  • Autumn de Forest's "Elvis Warhol at age 9", as shown at Park West Gallery on June 15, 2013.
  • Arthur Halucha's Elvis, at the DekoArt-Gallery
  • Peter Halley's "Elvis", sold at Sotheby's on November 12, 2015 for US$262,000
  • Keith Haring's Elvis, as shown in 2010, at the Tony Shafrazi Gallery in New York.
  • Corinna Heumann's Warhol Meets Lichtenstein (Elvis), 2004
  • Roberto Jimenez's Eight Red Elvises, 2012
  • Steve Kaufman's "Elvis", sold for US$4,000, after its being shownn in 2017 at the Gallery Hotel Art, in Florence, Italy
  • Jeff Koons's "Triple Elvis " sold at Christie's on May 13, 2015 for US$8,565,000
  • Marc Lacroix's "The White Hand of Salvador Dali wearing the shirt Elvis gave him", 1971, property of Damien Leclere, Marseille, France
  • Hal Mayforth's ! Elvis has left the building" Original acrylic on wood panel - 12 x 16 inches, price met US$1,300
  • Shannon Oksanen's "Blue Elvis", 2008, oil on linen 20 x 18 inches (Est. $5,500), as shown at the Vancouver Art Gallery
  • Etta McFarland's "Heartbreak Hotel" a quilt shown at the Barns of Rose Hill in Berrybill,VA, on February of 2019.
  • Ronnie McDowell's Reflections of the King", published in connexion with his TV series “Ronnie McDowell Painting America,”
  • Ivan Messac, Elvis silkscreen
  • Meddlesome Moth's "The Trinity", showing extremely large (12 by 4 feet) artworks of Elvis, Chuck Berry and Jerry Lee Lewis, drawn in stained glass and affixed as windows to the sky to one of the restaurant's diagonal ceilings. (Dallas TX)
  • David Nicholson's "Rushmore Elvis", 2016 photo of Elvis at Mount Rushmore, together with George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt
  • Natalie Nelson's "Elvis Presley's birthplace", illustration drawn in connexion with Time magazine's Special Edition on the South of The United States, to be published on August 6, 2018.
  • Steve Payne 's "Elvis" (dovetailing George Dawe's Russian general portraits with Payne's 2018 Replace a Face technique.
  • George Dawe Guy Peellaert 's "Elvis Presley's Last Supper", in Rock Dreams (1970-1973)
  • Richard Pettibone’s "Andy Warhol, Elvis, 1964" (13.3 x 13.3 cm), sold in 2006 at Sotheby's London Office for US$226,818.
  • Pietro Psaier's "Wounded", Elvis and Warhol, 1989
  • George Rodrigue's "You Ain’t Nothin’ But a Blue Dog", 1996, 24x36, at the Neal Auction Company
  • David Scheinmann's “Elvis/Marilyn”, silkscreen located at the 21c Museum Hotel in Louisville,KY. Also, Scheinmann's "Elvis Playboy", sold for US$ 5,400 in 2018.
  • Robert Silvers, Elvis photomosaic
  • Mark Stutzman, Airbrush and Acrylic for the 1993 launched Elvis US$ 0.29 stamp, part of the Legends of American Music Series as requested by United States Postal Service. The USPS issued 500 million, all of which sold, with 124 million of them having never been serviced (kept by collectors as they were) and thus earning the USPS its biggest profit ever (US$36 million).
  • Roger G. Taylor's "Elvis in Art", St. Martin's Press (1997), ISBN 0-3120-1381-7
  • Lucrecia Torva's Elvis, a 10X10 foot mural displayed at Tempe Marketplace in Tempe, AR
  • Gavin Turk's Elvis, Beige and Green, sold at Sotheby's Paris, on December 4, 2012 for US$56,000.
  • David Uhl's Elvis in tune, 2007 currently at Graceland.
  • Gary Varvel's, "Aretha joins music royalty", cartoon published at Indianapolis Star on August 18, 2018.
  • Geraldo Vitorio, Brazilian artist's painting of Elvis and five other deceased music giants, three of whom being English subjects (David Bowie, John Lennon and Freddy Mercury), with the remaining two being US nationals of African-American extraction. (Jimi Hendrix and Michael Jackson), as first shown on the French Consulate in Sao Paulo, Brazil.
  • Andy Warhol's "Portrait of Jean-Michel as David", 1986, a silverscreen of artist Jean-Michel Basquiat which revisits Warhol's seminal 1963 painting "Double Elvis". It was sold at Sotheby's in New York City on 14 May, 2014 for US$ 3,189,000
  • Albert Wertheimer's "The Kiss", (12 x 18 in.), a photograph sold at Sotheby's on October 9, 2009, the winning bidder being actress Diane Keaton, who paid US$4.063 for it.
  • David Willardson's "Elvis I &II" as shown in the Rebecca Molayem Gallery in West Hollywood, CA
  • Ronnie Wood's "Elvis I 1988", Serigraph on Paper, 30 x 23 in, Hand Signed at Lower Right
  • Russel Young's "Elvis", sold at Sotheby's for US$11,875 on July 28, 2016

Audio Fiction[edit]

Biographies: 80 books about Elvis Presley[edit]

https://www.goodreads.com/list/show/10815.Books_about_Elvis_Presley

Celebrities[edit]

Comics[edit]

Films[edit]

Literature (fiction and non fiction)[edit]

Music[edit]

Name brand[edit]

  • Elvis & Kresse, a company owned by Kresse Wesling and James (nicknamed Elvis at university) Henrit whose upcycling of industrial waste, mostly turning old fire hoses into new luxury products including bags and other carry on accessories yield profits half of which are donated to various charities.

Plays/Musicals[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

Television[edit]

See also: imdB Elvis Presley Character Page

Sports[edit]

Toys[edit]

Video games and other figurines[edit]

  • Fallout: New Vegas: one faction is called "The Kings", raiders who come across an Elvis Impersonator School.
  • Bill & Ted's Excellent Video Game Adventures: Elvis is one of sixteen "historical dudes" who can be rescued.
  • The SNES game Wayne's World Elvis appears as a level boss.
  • The Extra-terrestrial Maian Diplomat, known as Protector1 in Perfect Dark adopts the name Elvis as he becomes enamored with terrestrial culture, going as far to own a pair of blue suede shoes during the climax of the game.
  • Friedberg, Germany. Elvis Presley characters added to traffic lights to guide pedestrians, since December 2018.

Non-musical lauds[edit]

Wackel-Elvis dashboard figure from a 2001 Audi TV commercial

According to several organizations, and publications, Presley ranks among the most significant icons, both in America and worldwide:

  • In 1961, the state of Hawaii House of Representatives passed its resolution 105 to thank him and his staff for the services rendered on March 26, 1961, when he heralded a benefit concert, as well as for the enormous attention it drew to the USS Arizona Memorial fund, immediately attracting even more funding from the public and private sector and, thus, allowing for the Memorial to be promptly constructed then dedicated on May 30, 1962.
  • In 2005, BBC 2 explored how photography had influenced world events and named the people who had been photographed the most in a 10 episode television series entitled The World's Most Photographed. Other than Presley, no musician merited a separate episode, which comprised four women among a list of political leaders, thinkers, heads of state and actors.
  • Also in 2005, LIFE Magazine highlighted Elvis's advent in 1956, and the rock and roll revolution he ignited and included them in a special issue published in September 2005 and which they named "The 100 events that shook our world: a history of Pictures in the last 100 years".
  • In 2006, The Atlantic ranked him the 66th most influential American ever. No other individual involved in entertainment, other than Walt Disney, ranked higher.
  • Also in 2006, The History Channel selected September 9, 1956, the date of the first of his three appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show], as one of the “10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America.”
  • In 2008, the MIT-launched "Pantheon" programme, which maps cultural production, ranked him the 117th most significant person of any nationality in recorded history. Only the Reverend Martin Luther King, a Nobel Peace prize winner, outranks him among all persons born in the United States of America.
  • In 2010, LIFE ranked him No. 96 in their list of the 100 people who changed the world. Only Charles Chaplin and Louis Armstrong ranked higher among entertainers.
  • In 2011, István Tarlós Mayor of Budapest, named a park facing the city's oldest crossing,the Margaret Bridge after him, as well as made him an honorary citizen as a gesture of gratitude for his having launched an emergency appeal to lessen the plight of 250,000 Hungarian refugees during the double invasion of his country on 24 and 31 October 1956 by the then Soviet Union. The plea, made on January 6, 1957 at the closure of his third and last appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show, yieded UD$6 million in contributions which became available throughout the 1957 and in turn, prompted the International Red Cross in Geneva and the US Air Force, which flew 100 sorties to securely deliver the aid, perishables and non perishables, to the quarter million refugees in both England and Austria, where they settled for life.
  • In 2014, the Smithsonian Magazine issued a listing of the 100 most significant Americans of all time, which included Presley as well as another six singers and musicians. No rankings were provided.
  • Also in 2014, Wikipedia made a study on the most popular historic figures, insofar as the number of Internet searches, with Presley landing at No. 69, a rank higher than that of any entertainer from the 20th Century.
  • In 2015, National Geographic Magazine deemed his advent (and that of Rock Music) in 1956 an event of such importance, that it ranked No. 79 in their list of the 100 most significant events that changed the world since time began. No other entertainer is listed separately.
  • In mid November 2018, from the White House it was announced that he was among the seven to receive the 2018 Presidential Medal of Freedom, three of whom, as was his case, posthumously. The ceremony took place on November 16, 2018 at the East Room of the White House, with a large presence heralded by that of the President of the United States and the First Lady, Mr. and Mrs. Donald J. Trump. He was the 41st musician to receive the award and the one amongs the latter group of recipients whose posthumous recognition took the longest, namely 41 years after his death.

Other[edit]

  • Elvis died three days before Groucho Marx; Groucho fans blamed Elvis's death for Groucho's death not getting as much publicity.[9] Elvis and Groucho were next door neighbors in Beverly Hills, California.
  • In a 1996 survey, a sampling of Chinese people were asked to name three famous Westerners. They chose Jesus Christ, Richard Nixon and Elvis Presley. That same year, a New York Times reporter attending a Chinese-US summit, spoke of the time when the Chinese leader Jiang Zemin, then visiting the Philippines, proceeded to do a duet, in perfect English, of "Love me tender", his partner being his host, President Fidel Ramos.
  • Leading up to the TV Guide's cover on its January 1, 2000 edition, which named Elvis Presley the Entertainer of the Century, the magazine named Elvis' 9 minute uninterrupted stand-up session performance, as the greatest rock moment in the history of television. The segment was sung and performed live, in front of a studio audience on June 29, 1968 at the Burbank Studios and later shown on NBC on December 3, 1968, beating the runner up, Michael Jackson's performance of the song "Billy Jean" which Jackson performed also in front of a live audience on March 25, 1983 at the Civic Auditorium in Pasadena, CA,while dancing to what became known as "The Moonwalk" and singing to his own pre recorded vocals. This performance was telecast by NBC on May 16, 1986 on the occasion of the 25th Anniversary of Motown.
  • In 2006, Elvis's teddy bear Mabel, made in 1909 by Steiff, was on display at a Children's Museum near Wookey Hole Caves when a Doberman destroyed it. The insurance company had insisted that the teddy bears be protected by guard dogs.
  • In December 2008, Zimbio, now Livingly Media, published its list of the 100 most influntial people in 20th Century fashion, ranking Elvis at No. 8, with only David Bowie, among those who were musicians, ranking above him at No. 5.
  • On March 1, 2011, István Tarlós, the Mayor of Budapest announced that the city would be naming a park facing its oldest crossing, the Margaret Bridge after him, as well as bestow upon him posthumous citizenship, as a gesture of late recognition and gratitude for his appeal, in early 1957, for humanitarian emergency assistance and which yielded some US$6 million in contributions (US$49.5 million in adjusted dollars), whose aim was to lessen the plight of some 250,000 Hungarian refugees fleeing the double invasion of their country, on 24 and 31 October 1956, by the then Soviet Union. Thanks to these funds, distributed by the International Red Cross in Geneva, they eventually settled in Austria and England, for life. Other recipients of such citizenship honours by the city of Budapest include Václav Havel, Edward Teller, Lech Walesa and Raoul Wallenberg
  • In September 2013 Flavorwire named Elvis's first of three appearances on the Ed Sullivan Show as one of the 25 most memorable moments in TV history. It ranked No. 12, with only the Beatles' first appearance on the same show, 8 years later, outranking it, at No. 11 amongs those in the musical field.
  • In July 2014, the BMW Group announced that one of Elvis' two BMW 507, found in California that year and in a dire state after 5 decades of use and misuse would be put on display for a short period at the BMW Museum in Munich, before being entirely restored by its Classic department. The fully restored car, which had been painted red by Presley himself in 1959, was to be given its original white color, then put on display in the newly renovated BMW Zentrum Museum located at their US manufacturing center in Greer, SC. In 2017, it was returned to the Munich Museum, where it is now located as one of only 252 BMW 507 models ever built.
  • In 2017, the Washington DC-based Museum of the Bible which opened in mid November of that year, showcased his "King James" Bible, which, according to the Vice President of the Museum and as evidenced by his own handwritten notes, proved not just that the Bible had a profound impact on him, but that he was, as well, a prime example of the unparalleled influence of the book. The Museum has received 600,000 visitors since its opening.
  • On May 12, 2018, an Omega watch gifted to Elvis by RCA Records in 1961 to celebrate his sale of 75-million records, sold at a Phillips auction in Geneva for $1,812,500. The watch, retailed by Tiffany & Co. hammered for 1.5-million CHF and with buyer’s premium totaled 1,812,318 CHF, or $1,812,500. As of May 12, 2018 it is the highest price ever paid for an Omega watch. Mr. Petros Protopapas, Omega Museum Director, and who attended the auction, later confirmed the Museum he heads to have been the winning bidder.
  • On January 23, 2019 it was reported that some A$13 million (US$9.3 million) had impacted on the economy of the rural town of Parkes, Australia as more than 27,000 people visited it to attend some 200 Elvis themed events, with the New South Wales state government projecting an injection of Aus$43 million ̈(US̩30.6 million) into the wider region surrounding Parkes this year due to the festival huge success.

Actors who have played Elvis Presley[edit]

Actor Credited character Title (year of theatrical release, unless otherwise noted)
Jason Biggs (fictional) Elvis Presley Picasso at the Lapin Agile (2008)
Bruce Campbell (fictional) Elvis Presley Bubba Ho-Tep (2002)
Peter Dobson i) (fictional) young Elvis Presley

ii) The King

i) Forrest Gump (1994)

ii) Protecting the King (2007)

Johnny Harra Elvis Presley, age 42. This Is Elvis (1981)
Tyler Hilton young Elvis Presley Walk the Line (2006)
Paul Hipp Elvis Presley Liberace: Behind the Music (1988) (TV-made)
Don Johnson Elvis Presley Elvis and the Beauty Queen (1981) (TV-made)
Harvey Keitel (fictional) Elvis Presley Finding Graceland (1998)
David Keith (fictional) Elvis Presley Heartbreak Hotel (1988)
Steve Martin The visitor (Elvis Presley, age 21). Picasso at the Lapin Agile (1993, play)
Gil McKinney (fictional) Elvis Presley Elvis Has Left the Building (2004, video release only)
Dale Midkiff Elvis Presley Elvis and Me (1988) (TV-made)
Chunkey Pandey (fictional) Elvis Presley Hello, Darling (2008)
Robert Patrick (fictional) Mr. Aaron Lonely Street (2008)
Rick Peters Elvis Presley Elvis meets Nixon (1997) (TV-made)
Jonathan Rhys-Meyers Elvis Presley Elvis: The Early Years (2005) (miniseries)
Kurt Russell Elvis Presley Elvis (1979) (TV-made)
Martin Shaw Elvis Presley Are You Lonesome Tonight? (1985, play)
Rob Youngblood Elvis Presley Elvis and the Colonel: The Untold Story
Frank Stallone (fictional) Elvis Presley Angels with angles (2005)
Michael St. Gerard i)and ii) young Elvis Presley

iii)(fictional) young Elvis Presley

i) Elvis (1990) (TV mini-series)

ii) Great Balls of Fire! (1989)

iii)Heart of Dixie (1989)

George Thomas (fictional) Elvis Presley, as John Burrows Memphis rising, Elvis returns- (2009)
Jeff Yagher (fictional) Elvis Presley The Twilight Zone Season 2, "The Once And Future King" (1986)
Jack White (fictional) Elvis Presley Walk Hard (2007)
Lloyd Ahlquist Elvis Presley Epic Rap Battles of History, episode "Michael Jackson vs. Elvis Presley" (Season 2, 2012)
Michael Shannon Elvis Presley, age 35 Elvis & Nixon (2016)
Drake Milligan Elvis Presley Sun Records (2017)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard A. Koenigsberg, "'I MOVE, THEREFORE I AM:' Elvis Presley, Rock 'n' Roll, and the Liberation of the American Body," keynote address at the INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ELVIS PRESLEY (Monday, May 19, 2008).
  2. ^ Fans Waiting in Line for Release of Wackel-Elvis, 06/11/2001, Die Welt (German)
  3. ^ Audi Wackel-Elvis commercial (2001, British version)
  4. ^ Audi Wackel-Elvis commercial (2001, German version)
  5. ^ "State Farm: Magic Jingle Elvis" The Mill Accessed May 21, 2015
  6. ^ List of minor The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy characters#Elvis Presley
  7. ^ mahmoud1882 (2007-11-24), Full house-Jesse dressed as ELvis, retrieved 2017-01-01
  8. ^ "Quantum Leap -- Episode 91: Memphis Melody". The MacGyver Project.
  9. ^ Raised Eyebrows: My Years Inside Groucho's House, Steve Soliar, 1996, Stoddart Publishing

External links[edit]