Cultural depictions of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
- Andy Warhol's 16 Jackies (1964) uses four news images of Kennedy prior to, the day of, and shortly after her husband's assassination. Warhol made several copies of this piece, using a combination of silkscreen and painting; one is in the collection of the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
- Gerhard Richter's 1964 painting Frau mit Schirm (Woman with Umbrella) is an emotional but respectful portrait of Kennedy, painted from a newspaper image.
- Tina Mion's 1997 oil painting Jacqueline Kennedy, the King of Hearts - Stop Action Reaction depicts Kennedy holding a playing card (the King of Hearts) that is being cut in two by a bullet. It is in the permanent collection of the National Portrait Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution.
- In the 1968 movie Eat Your Makeup directed by John Waters, Divine plays Jackie Kennedy in a re-enactment of the JFK assassination. Waters later said on The Graham Norton Show, that the scenes were filmed on his parents' home street to the neighbors' disgust, as it was shortly after the real assassination had occurred.
- In the 1975 comedy film Rocky Horror Picture Show, Tim Curry's character Dr. Frankenfurter is dressed in a style similar to Onassis' when the main characters first come up to his lab.
- The 1978 film The Greek Tycoon is a fictionalized portrayal of the story of Kennedy-Onassis and her second husband, with the names changed. The Kennedy-Onassis character, named Liz Cassidy, is portrayed by Jacqueline Bisset, who also portrayed Kennedy-Onassis in America's Prince. Bisset's clothes were designed by Halston, who was also designing for Onassis at the time.
- In The End of a Dynasty (1988), a docudrama about the "Kennedy curse", Cortnie Campbell plays Kennedy
- In the 1989 James Bond film Licence to Kill, when Bond (Timothy Dalton) introduced Pam Bouvier (Carey Lowell) to Q (Desmond Llewelyn), he referred her as "Miss Kennedy". Bouvier was Jacqueline Kennedy's maiden name.
- In the 1991 film JFK, actress Jodie Farber plays Kennedy
- The 1992 film Love Field, set during (and after) the President Kennedy's assassination, a Dallas housewife's life centers around Kennedy's actions, and she finds herself ruined by the President's assassination in Dallas. The role of Onassis-Kennedy is played by actress Rhoda Griffis, in what is regarded as her breakout role.
- In the 1992 film Ruby, Mary Chris Wall plays Kennedy
- In the 1996 film First Wives Club, the character Shelley buys an expensive Japanese ceramic plate after being told, "Jackie O. had one just like it".
- In the 1997 Spice World, bandmember Posh Spice of the Spice Girls, appears in the photoshoot scene as Jackie Kennedy wearing a brown matching Pill box hat and Chanel suit with Jackie's trademark sunglasses and a handbag.
- In the 1997 movie The House of Yes, actress Parker Posey played a main character who referred to herself as "Jackie O.", due to her obsession with the First Lady.
- In the 2000 film Thirteen Days, Stephanie Romanov plays Kennedy
- In the 2001 film Riding in Cars with Boys Brittany Murphy's character tells Sara Gilbert's character she looks like Onassis.
- In the 2001 film Legally Blonde, the main character is left by her boyfriend with the following explanation: "If I'm going to be a Senator by the time I'm thirty, well, I need to marry a Jackie, not a Marilyn."
- The 2002 science fiction film Timequest explores what happens to Kennedy after the assassination is prevented, taking on an alternate timeline. Jacqueline Kennedy, played by (Caprice Benedetti), is one of the main leading roles in this film.
- In the 2003 film America's Prince: The John F. Kennedy Jr. Story, Jacqueline Bisset plays Kennedy
- In the 2003 film Legally Blonde 2: Red, White & Blonde, actress Reese Witherspoon chooses to wear a Jackie Kennedy Onassis-inspired dress on her first day working in the U.S. Capital.
- In the 2006 short A Peace of Jackie, Susan Waldrop plays Kennedy
- In The Hoax (2006), Elizabeth Marley plays Kennedy
- In the 2007 film Hairspray, Tracy made a reference to Kennedy's hairstyle when Edna Turnblad says her hair is "naturally stiff". Tracy also mentioned her as the first lady because the movie took place at the time of her husband's presidency.
- In the 2015 Comedy Animation movie Minions (film) Scarlet Overkill's style is very similar to and based on Jackie Kennedy's as she wears similar glasses, the same gloves and has a similar hairstyle that strongly resemble hers.
- Cristine Rose in The Trial of Lee Harvey Oswald (1977), 2-part TV film)
- Jaclyn Smith in Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy (1981 TV movie)
- Jennifer Dale in Hoover vs. the Kennedys: The Second Civil War (1987 TV movie)
- Robin Curtis in LBJ: The Early Years (1987 TV movie)
- Rhea Perlman in How to Marry a Billionaire: A Christmas Tale (2000 TV movie)
- Jill Hennessy in Jackie, Ethel, Joan: The Women of Camelot (2001) (TV Movie)
- Jesalyn White in LBJ vs. the Kennedys: Chasing Demons (2003 TV movie),
- In Callas e Onassis (2005 TV movie), Anna Valle plays Onassis
- Jeanne Tripplehorn in Grey Gardens (2009 TV film)
- Ginnifer Goodwin in Killing Kennedy (2013 TV film)
- In Kennedy (1983 TV miniseries), Blair Brown plays Kennedy
- In Robert Kennedy & His Times (1985 TV miniseries), Juanin Clay plays Kennedy
- In Onassis: The Richest Man in the World (1988), a 4-hour TV movie adaptation, Francesca Annis plays Kennedy
- In A Woman Named Jackie (1991 TV mini-series), Marianna Bishop plays a young Jackie, Sarah Michelle Gellar plays a teenage Jackie, and Roma Downey plays an adult Jackie
- In Jackie Bouvier Kennedy Onassis (2000 TV miniseries), a 4-hour adaptation of the book by Donald Spoto, Sally Taylor-Isherwood plays Jackie Bouvier at 8, Emily VanCamp plays Jackie Bouvier at 13, and Joanne Whalley plays Jackie Bouvier Kennedy Onassis as an adult
- In The Kennedys (2011 TV mini-series), Katie Holmes played Kennedy. She will reprise her role again in a sequel called The Kennedys: After Camelot.
- Minka Kelly in Lee Daniels' The Butler (2013)
- Kat Steffens in Parkland (film) (2013)
- Natalie Portman in Jackie (2016)
- Kim Allen in LBJ (2016)
(Alphabaetical by author)
- Ira Levin's Rosemary's Baby (1967) features a dream sequence in which Rosemary Woodhouse finds herself on a yacht with the First Family and briefly speaks to Kennedy. This scene is depicted in the 1968 film version, but the identity of the Kennedys is not made clear.
- In Kurt Vonnegut's Galápagos (1985), Onassis is one of several celebrity guests who abandon the cruise before it leaves port.
The following are books in which Onassis is referenced biographically:
- Andersen, Christopher (1998). Jackie After Jack. William Morrow and Company, Inc.
- Anthony, Carl Sferrazza Anthony (1997). As We Remember Her: Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis in the Words of Her Family and Friends. Perigee Trade.
- Bowles, Hamish, Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., Mellon, Rachel Lambert & The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (2001). Jacqueline Kennedy: The White House Years. Bulfinch Press/Little, Brown and Company.
- Branch, Shelly Branch; Callaway, Sue (2006). What Would Jackie Do? An Inspired Guide to Distinctive Living. Gotham Books.
- Branford, Sarah (2000). America's Queen The Life of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (Illustrated ed.). New York: Viking.
- Davis, John H. Davis (1996). Jacqueline Bouvier: An Intimate Memoir. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
- Flaherty, Tina Santi (2005). What Jackie Taught Us: Lessons from the Remarkable Life of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis.
- Heymann, C. David (1989). A Woman Named Jackie: An Intimate Biography of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis. A Lyle Stuart Book first published by Carol Communications.
- Kelley, Kitty (1978). Jackie Oh!. Lyle Stuart.
- Klein, Edward (1996). The Kennedy Curse: Why Tragedy Has Haunted America's First Family for 150 Years. Pocket Books.
- Klein, Edward (1997). All Too Human: The Love Story of Jack and Jackie Kennedy. St. Martin's Press.
- Klein, Edward (1999). Just Jackie: Her Private Years. Ballatine Books.
- Klein, Edward (2004). Farewell, Jackie: A Portrait of Her Final Days. Viking Books.
- Manchester, William (1967). The Death of a President. New York: Harper & Row Publishers.
- Mulvaney, Jay (2001). Jackie, the Clothes of Camelot. St. Martin's Press.
- Mulvaney, Jay (2002). Diana & Jackie, Maidens, Mothers, Myths. St. Martin's Press.
- West, Naomi & Wilson, Catherine (2006). Jackie. Editions de la Martiniere.
- "52 Girls" by The B-52s - Kennedy is one of the eponymous 52 girls
- "Anything" by Third Eye Blind - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- "Bobby and Jackie and Jack" from the Stephen Sondheim musical Merrily We Roll Along references the Kennedy family
- "Bullet" by The Misfits - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- "Burn Like Brilliant Trash (at Jackie's funeral)" by Machines of Loving Grace - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- "Captured by the Moment" by Steve Perry - Kennedy mentioned in the lyrics
- "Cruel" by Bryan Ferry - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- "Don't Let Me Explode" by The Hold Steady - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- "Fever for the Flava" by Hot Action Cop - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- Jackie - recorded by Elisa Fiorillo and later covered by Lisa Stansfield's band, Blue Zone for their 1988 album, Big Thing
- "Jakie Kennedy" by Ola Svensson
- "Jacqueline/Jackie O" by Strung Out - about Kennedy after her husband's assassination
- "Jackie O'" by D-A-D
- "Jackie O" by John Mellencamp
- "Jackie Onassis" by Human Sexual Response
- "Jackie's Strength" by Tori Amos - inspired by Kennedy
- "Jackie Will Save Me" by American rock band Shiny Toy Guns
- "Jump Down, Spin Around (Pick A Dress O' Cotton)" lyrics by Allan Sherman - one of the earliest songs that mention her: "See how this one looks on me, Just like Jackie Kennedy."
- "La, La, La" (Excuse me Miss Again)" by Jay-Z - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- "The Lady is a Vamp" by The Spice Girls - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- "Linda Lovelace" by David Allan Coe - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- "Mrs. O" by The Dresden Dolls - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- "National Anthem" by Lana Del Rey - Lana portrays Kennedy in the music video
- "Nightmare On Elm Street" by A Balladeer - about her husband's assassination
- "One's on the Way" by Loretta Lynn - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- "Posthuman" by Marilyn Manson - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- "The Revolution Will Not Be Televised" by Gil Scott-Heron - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- "Romeo and Juliet" by Mickey Avalon - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- "Saturn 5" by Inspiral Carpets - she and JFK are referenced implicitly or literally
- "She Walked Beside the Wagon" by Lorrie Morgan - describes Kennedy at the President's funeral
- "Tire Me" by Rage Against the Machine - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- "Touched by the Sun" by Carly Simon - written for Kennedy, a personal friend of Simon's
- "Tomorrow Wendy" by Concrete Blonde - Kennedy is referenced in the lyrics
- "The Trouble With Lovers" by Vegas
- "You Wear It Well" by Rod Stewart - "Madam Onassis" is referenced in the lyrics of the 1972 hit single
- "National Anthem" by Lana del Rey - Del Rey emulates Kennedy while reenacting the JFK assassination and the couple's life together alongside rapper ASAP Rocky
- "Puppy Love" by Lana Del Rey
- "Marilyn" by G-Easy
Plays and theatrical works
- Cirque Jacqueline, by Andrea Reese — Triad Theater, NY, NY
- Die Prinzessindramen: Der Tod und das Maedchen IV - Jackie, by Elfriede Jelinek
- The First Lady, by Herman van Veen and Lori Spee
- Grey Gardens - Walter Kerr Theatre, New York City, NY; the character of Jacqueline Bouvier appears in Act I, portrayed by Sarah Hyland
- Jackie, by Naomi West & Catherine Wilson Editions de la Martiniere
- Jackie, An American Life, by Gip Hoppe — Wilber Theatre, Boston, MA; Margaret Colin portrayed Kennedy.
- Jackie O, an opera by Michael Daugherty — Houston Opera Studio, Houston, TX
- Jackie Undressed, by Andree Stolte — Eagles Dare Theater, NY, NY
- JACKS, by Lys Anzia — Fremont Centre Theatre, South Pasadena, CA* Cirque Jacqueline by Andrea Reese — Triad Theater, NY, NY.
- The Secret Letters of Jackie & Marilyn, by Mark Hampton and Michael Sharp - O'Reilly Theatre, Pittsburgh, PA
- The Tragedy of JFK (as told by Wm. Shakespeare), produced by the The Blank Theatre in Los Angeles — Casey McKinnon's award-winning performance as Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy is based on Calpurnia in Shakespeare's Julius Caesar who warns her husband not to go forth today.
Television and anime references
(Alphabetical by series)
- In Breaking Bad: "Madrigal", Mike likens Lydia to "Jackie Onassis" because of her insistence on wearing sunglasses during a clandestine meeting.
- Elizabeth Lambert plays Kennedy in Dark Skies: "Moving Targets"
- Laura Yonker plays Kennedy in Days That Shook the World: "JFK"
- In one episode of The Drew Carey Show, Mimi Bobeck shows up to work wearing oversized glasses and a scarf over her hair due to an allergic reaction to her makeup. This prompts Drew to remark, "It's Jackie! Oh my God!"
- In Family Guy: "E. Peterbus Unum", Lois is dressed in the a pink Chanel suit while giving tours of Petoria. There is also a reference to Jackie Onassis in "The Road to the Multiverse", in which she is portrayed as the wife of the "Mayor Mccheese" on a scene similar to Zapruder film.
- Jackie O's famous pillbox hat is featured in The Flintstones: "Social Climbers" (original airdate November 17, 1961). In it, Wilma and Betty are visiting one of Bedrock's houses of Haute Couture to look for a dress for the Ambassador's Reception and Betty comments on the new "Jackie Kennerock" look.
- One sketch on French and Saunders depicts Onassis as a vacuous, shifty woman.
- In Futurama: "A Taste of Freedom", the outfit Amy wears during Zoidberg's trial is similar to Onassis' style.
- In Series 6, Episode 21 of Gilmore Girls, Lorelai walks into her parents' living room to find Emily lying on the couch and says, "Oh, I'm sorry Mrs. Onassis, I was looking for my mother".
- In the season two episode Gossip Girl: "Seder Anything", Blair Waldorf mentions that "if being a socialite is good enough for Jackie O, it's good enough for me."
- In one episode of King of the Hill, several 1970's icons are on a murder mystery train. As Jacqueline enters, a character says: "Oh look, Jackie O." Jackie is wearing large sunglasses and a scarf.
- Onassis appears as a character in an episode of the Japanese anime Lupin the 3rd.
- In Married...With Children: "Dud Bowl" (season nine), Polk High School's rival, George S. Patton High, is renamed Jackie Onassis High. The school's mascot is the First Ladies, and the uniforms are pink and black. This is a reference to a famous Chanel suit Onassis wore on the day her first husband was assassinated.
- The school attended by the characters of Popular is named Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis High School.
- The season five premiere of Quantum Leap involves a storyline where Sam "leaps" into Lee Harvey Oswald and fails to save President Kennedy from his assassination. Then, "leaping" into Secret Service agent Clint Hill, Sam discovers from Al that he wasn't there to save the President, he was there to save Onassis (implying that in an earlier timeline she died as well).
- In one episode of Queer as Folk, Emmett dresses up as Onassis for a party thrown by Michael and David. In an apparent reference to her husband's assassination, shrimp cocktail is spilled on his coat, causing it to resemble Onassis' blood-spattered suit after JFK's assassination.
- In Scream Queens, Chanel Oberlin dresses in a Jackie Kennedy inspired outfit for Halloween in the first season's fifth episode, which is also later worn by Libby Putney / Chanel #5 in the same episode.
- In Seinfeld: "The Chaperone", Elaine Benes (Julia Louis-Dreyfus) interviews for Onassis' former job as editor at Doubleday and wears large sunglasses and a scarf over her hair in a style similar to that of Onassis.
- Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis is referenced in The Simpsons in several ways. Marge Simpson's mother is named Jacqueline Ingrid Bouvierα, and Marge Simpson was made known of the origin of her maiden name by Lisa when she wanted to adopt the maiden name after exposing Homer's betting scandal on Homer and Lisa Exchange Cross Words. Marge mistakenly thought "Jackie-O", as in Onassis, was her maiden name. Mayor Quimby speaks with inflections similar to those of the former President, and his wife resembles Onassis. Marge is also seen buying and wearing the Pink Chanel suit to a country club in one episode.
- In the The Sopranos: "Kennedy and Heidi" (season six, part two), Tony likens Kelli Lombardo Moltisanti to Jackie Kennedy, when he sees Kelli at Chris' funeral.
- That '70s Show: "Eric's Drunken Tattoo" references Onassis. Michael Kelso (Ashton Kutcher) mumbles the name "Jackie" in his sleep. It is implied that he was referring to Jackie Burkhart (Mila Kunis); however, it is revealed that he is referring to Onassis.
- In Thunderbirds (TV series) Tin-Tin Kyrano is seen wearing Jackie Kennedy styled outfits and hairstyles in some of the episodes whilst the female driver in the episode City of Fire bears some resemblance to Jackie.
- In Vampire Diaries: "The Last Dance" (season two), Caroline goes to the sixties decade dance as Jackie Kennedy and her boyfriend Matt goes as JFK.
- The The Venture Bros. character Dr. Girlfriend resembles Onassis, but talks in a deep male voice meant to be an exaggeration of Onassis' voice, made husky due to her excessive smoking. In the fourth episode of the third season, "Home Is Where the Hate Is", Dr. Girlfriend is given the following clues during a party game: "You're married to a powerful man", "You're famous for your pink suit and pillbox hat". Dr. Girlfriend is confused and, upon discovering the name she was assigned, exclaims: "Who the hell is Jacqueline Onassis?"
- The popular music Video Game Rock Band 2 features a Sunglasses accessory called "Jackie O's" which are Jackie's famous trademark sunglasses.
Notes and references
α The show's developers created this character and named her after Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, whose maiden name was Bouvier. It is also noted that Marge Simpson has the maiden name "Bouvier", and all Bouvier women are voiced by Julie Kavner.
- 16 Jackies, Walker Art Center, accessed 2012-04-30.
- Fallon, Michael (2010), "16 Jackies", How to Analyze the Works of Andy Warhol, ABDO, pp. 48–52, ISBN 9781616135348,
Besides Marilyn Monroe, another favorite celebrity subject early in Warhol's career was Jacqueline "Jackie" Kennedy, the wife of President John F. Kennedy. ... Warhol had been deeply affected by [president Kennedy's assassination], which was covered widely in the mass media.
- Morris, Daniel (2002), Remarkable Modernisms: Contemporary American Authors on Modern Art, University of Massachusetts Press, pp. 157–158, ISBN 9781558493247,
Warhol wanted to exist as an "after" image in the realm of appearances alongside such celebrated survivors of cultural violence as Jackie O., whom Warhol depicted in a series of panels as she appeared on the day of President John F. Kennedy's assassination and in the sad days that followed.
- Dietmar Elger (2010), Gerhard Richter: A Life in Painting, Elizabeth M. Solaro (trans.), University of Chicago Press, p. 50, ISBN 9780226203232,
But he also painted prominent figures without revealing their identities; the nearly unmistakable figure of Jacqueline Kennedy thus hides behind the title Woman with Umbrella.
- Jacqueline Kennedy, the King of Hearts - Stop Action Reaction, Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery, accessed 2012-04-29.
- "New Faces In Washington", CBS News, February 11, 2009,
Two pieces from Mion's series of paintings of the first ladies - "Stop Action Reaction" portraying Kennedy and "Eyes Only for You" portraying Reagan - show the subjects not as "stiff formal figures but as women whose personal stories represent women's experiences," Reaves said. The portrait of Kennedy shows her holding a "king" playing card depicting her husband, John F. Kennedy, with the card shattered by a bullet.
- O'Sullivan, Michael (June 1, 2007), "Portraiture Now: Framing Memory", Washington Post,
In "Stop Action Reaction," Jacqueline Kennedy holds a playing card -- with JFK as the king of hearts -- that's been penetrated by a bullet. It's a clever conflation of that famous high-speed photograph with the equally well-known Zapruder film, whose every frame has been analyzed, and argued about, to a fare-thee-well.
- Bianco, Robert (July 24, 2013). "Once more, TV is 'Killing Kennedy'". USA Today.
- Rosemary's Baby at Filmsite.org
- Tally, Robert T., Jr. (2009), "Apocalypse in the Optative Mood: Galápagos, or, Starting Over", in Simmons, David, New Critical Essays on Kurt Vonnegut (PDF), American Literature Readings in the 21st Century, Macmillan, pp. 114–131 (see especially p. 117), ISBN 9780230616271,
a globally marketed event that was supposed to feature celebrity guests such as Jacqueline Onassis ... A severe financial crisis has put the cruise in jeopardy, as the celebrities have all dropped out.
- Triad Theater
- Wilber Theatre
- Houston Opera Studio
- Eagles Dare Theater
- Fremont Centre Theatre
- O'Reilly Theatre
- Dostal, Ellen (7 October 2016). "BWW Review: THE TRAGEDY OF JFK (as told by Wm. Shakespeare)". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
- "2016 BroadwayWorld Los Angeles Awards Winners Announced - Kristin Chenoweth, Christine Ebersole, Rachel York and More!". BroadwayWorld.com. 4 January 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2017.