Cultural depictions of Joan of Arc

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Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc in French) has inspired artistic and cultural works for nearly six centuries. The following lists cover various media to include items of historic interest, enduring works of high art, and recent representations in popular culture. The entries represent portrayals that a reader has a reasonable chance of encountering rather than a complete catalog. Lesser known works, particularly from early periods, are not included. In this article, many of the excluded items are derivative of better known representations. For instance, Schiller's play inspired at least 82 different dramatic works during the nineteenth century, and Verdi's and Tchaikovsky's operatic adaptations are still recorded and performed. Most of the others survive only in research libraries.[1] As another example, in 1894, Émile Huet listed over 400 plays and musical works about Joan of Arc. Despite a great deal of scholarly interest in Joan of Arc no complete list of artistic works about her exists, although a 1989 doctoral dissertation did identify all relevant films including ones for which no copy survives.[2]

Portrayals of Joan of Arc are numerous. For example, in 1979 the Bibliothèque Municipale in Rouen, France displayed a gallery containing over 500 images and other items related to Joan of Arc.[3] The story of Joan of Arc was a popular subject for dramatization in the 1940s. In addition to Maxwell Anderson's play Joan of Lorraine and the Ingrid Bergman film Joan of Arc, there was also the 1948 RKO film The Miracle of the Bells starring Fred MacMurray, Alida Valli, and Frank Sinatra, about a dying film actress whose first and last role is Joan of Arc. There were also three radio dramatizations of the story of Joan during those years, one of them specifically written with a World War II framework.

Organization of this article[edit]

For purposes of classification, popular culture music is a separate section from operas and oratorios. Films include made-for-television movies and miniseries. Television covers live action series.

Literature and theatre[edit]

Date Title Author Notes
1429 "Chanson en l'honneur de Jeanne d'Arc" Christine de Pizan An elegiac poem written during Joan's lifetime. The author's final work. English translation available: [4].
1435 Histoire du Siège d'Orléans Anonymous (possibly Jacques Millet) First performed in Orleans four years after Joan's death. The surviving version appears to be a revision from circa 1450. God and several saints play major roles in this sprawling drama with more than 100 speaking parts.
after 1435 Ballade François Villon Part of Le Testament, Villon calls Joan "the good (woman from) Lorraine whom the English burned in Rouen".
1590 Henry VI, Part 1 William Shakespeare Drawn from 16th century English sources, Joan begins with the appearance of piety but soon proves to be a cunning witch justly executed. Project Gutenberg text: [5].
1756 La Pucelle des Oranges Voltaire A mock epic poem that explores typically Voltairean themes deriding mysticism as humbug. Wikisource text (in French): [6]
1796 Joan of Arc Robert Southey An epic poem
1801 Die Jungfrau von Orleans Friedrich Schiller In literary rebuttal to Voltaire, Schiller creates a sympathetic Joan as a Romantic heroine. A magic helmet renders her invincible until she falls in love, and is killed in battle rather than being burned at the stake. This drama was the basis of Tchaikovsky's opera of the same name. Project Gutenberg text in English: [7].
1817 Histoire de Jeanne d'Arc Tome1 Tome2 Tome3 Tome4 Philippe-Alexandre Le Brun de Charmettes Drawn from her own declarations, 144 depositions of witnesses, and manuscripts of the library of the King and the Tower of London.
1819 L'Orléanide: Poème National en Vingt-Huit Chants Philippe-Alexandre Le Brun de Charmettes Epic poem based on his Histoire de Jeanne d'Arc[1]
1821 The Destiny of Nations Samuel Taylor Coleridge Initially part of Robert Southey's Joan of Arc
1849 "Couteau de Executioner ou Jéanne d'Arc: Un conte de l'Inquisition" Eugène Sue From serial novel Les Mystères du Peuple. Translated into English as The Executioner's Knife or Joan of Arc: A Tale of the Inquisition by Daniel De Leon (1910)
1894 La Mission de Jeanne d'Arc Thérèse of Lisieux The first of two 'pious recreations' written by the Saint; "small theatrical pieces performed by a few nuns for the rest of the community, on the occasion of certain feast days." Performed at the Carmel on January 21, 1894, it featured Thérèse in the title role. The script, which focuses more heavily upon Joan's interaction with her visions, has since been widely circulated with Saint Thérèse's writings, as has that of its sequel.
1895 Jeanne d'Arc Accomplit Sa Mission Thérèse of Lisieux Sequel to La Mission de Jeanne d'Arc, this was performed exactly one year later, January 21, 1895. Again featuring Thérèse as Joan, its focus is upon her martyrdom. In the estimation of Thérèse's biographer, Ida Görres, the two plays "are scarcely veiled self-portraits."
1896 Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc Mark Twain This work is little remembered yet in Mark Twain's own opinion was his finest work. Twain spent months in France researching newly rediscovered documents and years of research overall. This reverent fictional biography is Twain's most uncharacteristic novel. Project Gutenberg text: Vol. 1 and Vol. 2. He published it under a different pseudonym: Jean François Alden.
1896 Jeanne d'Arc Charles Péguy Play chronicling Joan's life
1910 Jéanne d'Arc, Médium Léon Denis Translated into English as The Mystery of Joan of Arc by Arthur Conan Doyle (1924)
1912 Tapisserie de Sainte Geneviève et Jeanne d'Arc Charles Péguy Poem about Joan and Saint Geneviève
1923 Gilles und Johanna Georg Kaiser Expressionist drama explores Joan's relationship with her general Gilles de Rais, who would become one of the most-notorious criminals in French history
1923 Saint Joan George Bernard Shaw This drama, widely esteemed as Shaw's masterpiece, draws heavily from trial records. Historians dismiss Shaw's contention that she was an early Protestant with impartial judges. Subsequent twentieth century plays often mirror Shaw's interest in her trial. ISBN 0-14-043791-6
1930 Saint Joan of the Stockyards Bertolt Brecht Transposes Joan to working-class Chicago and portrays her as a labor leader. 1st of his 3 plays on Joan. ISBN 1-55970-420-9
1935 A Vida de Joana D'Arc Érico Veríssimo A Brazilian historical novel addressed to young people.
1937 Der Prozeß der Johanna von Arc zu Rouen Anna Seghers In German. Radio play based on the trial records.
1942 The Visions of Simone Machard Bertolt Brecht and Lion Feuchtwanger A girl imagines herself as Joan during World War II while in a dream. Second of his 3 plays on Joan.
1946 Joan of Lorraine Maxwell Anderson This play-within-a-play is chiefly memorable for Ingrid Bergman's Tony-winning performance. ASIN B0006YOM36
1952 The Trial of Joan of Arc of Proven, 1431 Bertolt Brecht and Benno Besson Adaptation of Anna Seghers's Der Prozeß der Johanna von Arc zu Rouen
1953 L'Alouette Jean Anouilh An allegory of Vichy collaboration in the aftermath of World War II. Lillian Hellman's noteworthy English translation adds a critique of McCarthyism and included a score by Leonard Bernstein. ISBN 0-8222-0634-X
1955 Seraphic Dialogue Martha Graham Modern-dance work in one act with choreography by Graham, music by Norman Dello Joio, set by Isamu Noguchi, costumes by Graham, and lighting by Jean Rosenthal. It was originally choreographed as a solo (same music, 1950) under Triumph of St Joan. In this revised version, Joan looks back over her life in a series of danced dialogues with her guiding spirit, St Michael, and with three figures who represent different aspects of her nature: maid, warrior, and martyr. At the work's close, the transfigured Joan takes her place among the saints. [8]
1956 De Jungfrur av Orleans Sven Stolpe Novel written as Joan telling the reader about her life story.
1961 Die Sendung des Mädchens Jeanne d'Arc M.J. Krück von Poturzyn Romanticized novel about the life of Joan of Arc.
1964 The Dead Lady of Clown Town Cordwainer Smith A far-future science fiction story with strong parallels to the history of Joan of Arc.
1968 The Image of the Beast Philip José Farmer Joan of Arc is portrayed as an alien sexual predator, still alive in the 20th century but with her body altered to enable the also-alien 15th-century serial killer Gilles de Rais to live within her vagina dentata as a fang-toothed venomous snake that bites and paralyses men during intercourse.
1972 "Jeanne d'Arc" Patti Smith Poem. From Seventh Heaven.
1974 Blood Red, Sister Rose Thomas Keneally The novel explores the imagined psychology of Joan and tells her story from Domrémy to the coronation of Charles VII. Significant secondary characters include Charles and Gilles de Rais. The novel enters into the minds of Joan and Charles but not of Gilles. A notable feature of the book is the conversations of Joan with her voices. ISBN 0-00-221087-8
1981 Joan of Arc: The Image of Female Heroism Marina Warner (University of California Press, 1981 ISBN 0-520-22464-7) The work is not so much a biography as a book about Joan of Arc or, more precisely, how she has been perceived by others over the centuries and how that perception has shaped her image.
1993 The Second Coming of Joan of Arc Carolyn Gage A one woman-lesbian play. Joan returns to share her story with contemporary women. She tells her experiences with the highest levels of church, state, and military, and unmasks the brutal misogyny behind male institutions. ISBN 0-939821-06-0
1997 An Army of Angels Pamela Marcantel A novel which depicts Joan of Arc according to the author's conception of her personality. ISBN 0-312-18042-X
1999 Jeanne d'Arc Michel Peyramaure A novel in two parts (in French). ISBN 2-221-08922-7, 2-221-08923-5.
2003 Monstrous Regiment Terry Pratchett Part of the Discworld series, a fictional character styled after Joan of Arc dresses as a man to lead an army. ISBN 0-06-001316-8
2005 La Hire: Ou la Colère de Jéanne Régine Deforges Joan's story from the perspective of military commander La Hire ISBN 2-213-62497-6
2006 Rogue Angel Series Alex Archer A series of action/adventure novels, the main character of which is the successor to Joan of Arc.
2006 Johanna Felicitas Hoppe Postmodern novel rejecting any endeavor to fictionalize Joan of Arc. ISBN 978-3-596-16743-2
2008 The Magician: The Secrets of the Immortal Nicholas Flamel Michael Scott Fantasy novel in which Joan of Arc features prominently. She is an immortal living in modern-day Paris. It is explained that she was rescued from her execution by the warrior Scathach.
2013 Fate/Apocrypha Yuichiro Higashide Part of the Fate franchise. Joan is summoned as a Ruler-class Servant to oversee the Great Holy Grail War, in which two teams consisting of seven Servants battle for control of the Holy Grail.

Operas, oratorios, and vocal works[edit]

Date Title Composer Genre Notes
1789 Giovanna d'Arco Gaetano Andreozzi opera Libretto by Antonio Simeone Sografi. Premiere given at the Teatro Nuovo Eretenio in Vicenza on 27 June 1789.
1790 Jeanne d'Arc à Orléans Rodolphe Kreutzer opéra comique Libretto by Pierre Jean Baptiste Choudard Desforges. Premiered at the Comédie-Italienne on 10 May 1790.
1821 Giovanna d'Arco Salvatore Viganò ballet Plot influenced by Schiller. Premiered at La Scala on 3 March 1821.
1821 Jeanne d'Arc à Orléans Michele Carafa opéra comique Libretto by Emmanuel Théaulon and Armand Dartois, after Schiller. Premiere at Théâtre Feydeau on 10 March 1821.
1825 Giovanna d'Arco Giuseppe Nicolini opera Libretto by Apostolo Zeno. Premiered at Teatro Regio on 22 January 1825.
1827 Giovanna d'Arco Nicola Vaccai opera Libretto by Gaetano Rossi. Premiered at La Fenice on 17 February 1827.
1830 Giovanna d'Arco Giovanni Pacini opera Gaetano Barbieri, after Schiller. Premiered at La Scala on 14 March 1830.
1832 Giovanna d'Arco Gioachino Rossini cantata Anonymous text set for contralto and piano. Orchestral version by Salvatore Sciarrino.
1837 Joan of Arc Michael William Balfe opera Premiered at Drury Lane on 30 November 1837
1845 Giovanna d'Arco Giuseppe Verdi opera Libretto by Temistocle Solera, after Schiller. Premiered at La Scala on 15 February 1845.
1865 Jeanne d'Arc Gilbert Duprez opera Libretto by Joseph Méry, after Schiller. Premiered at Salle Le Peletier on 24 October 1865.
1873–1877 Jeanne d'Arc Text by Jules Barbier; music by Charles Gounod. drama Incidental music for Barbier's play
1878 The Maid of Orleans Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky opera Plot influenced by Schiller.
1913 Giovanna d'Arco Marco Enrico Bossi oratorio Libretto by Luigi Orsini, after Schiller.
1921 Giovanna d'Arco Alberto Pestalozza Marionette opera Libretto by Pestalozza, after Schiller. Premiered in Turin on 17 September 1921
1939 Jeanne d'Arc au Bûcher Text by Paul Claudel; music by Arthur Honegger dramatic oratorio Ends with the Inquisition accusing Joan's judges of heresy. Marion Cotillard played Joan in 2005, 2012, and 2015.
1943 Szenen aus dem Leben der Heiligen Johanna Music and libretto by Walter Braunfels Opera Based on the actual documents of Joan's trial. Was not first performed until 2001.
1950 The Triumph of St. Joan Norman Dello Joio Opera Adapted by Joio into an opera for television (1956), a one-act opera (1959), and a symphony (1951).
1953 Ballade des Dames du temps jadis Musical adaptation by Georges Brassens of a poem by François Villon Art song Brassens set a number of poems to music, and often performed them himself.
1956 Le triomphe de Jeanne Henri Tomasi opera-oratorio Libretto by Tomasi and Philippe Soupault, after Schiller. Premiered at the Théâtre-Cirque in Rouen on 23 June 1956.
1966 Choruses from The Lark by Jean Anouilh music by Leonard Bernstein choral pieces Incidental score for a production of the play in an adaptation by Lillian Hellman.
1971 The Survival of St. Joan Text by James Lineberger; music by Hank Ruffin, and Gary Ruffin rock opera Based on a legend of Joan escaping her execution, and being kept in the home of a shepherd.
1989 Mistero e processo di Giovanna d'Arco Roberto De Simone Melodrama Libretto by De Simone, after Schiller. Premiered at Teatro Verdi in Pisa on 26 October 1989.
1994 Voices of Light Richard Einhorn choral orchestral work Inspired by The Passion of Joan of Arc, frequently performed during screenings; uses sacred texts by various medieval mystics, including Hildegard of Bingen.
1997 Jeanne: The Joan of Arc Musical text by Vincent de Tourdonnet; music by Peter Sipos musical theatre Based on historical research. Translated into French by Antonine Maillet. Renamed Jeanne la Pucelle.
2017 Joan of Arc: Into the Fire David Byrne rock opera Joan is re-imagined, in Byrne's words, as "a religious maniac who raised an army to kill people".[2][3]


Date Title Artist Location Notes Image
10 May 1429 Clément de Fauquembergue Sketch in the margin of the register of the Parlement of Paris by Clément de Fauquembergue, 1429, drawn on the day that news arrived in Paris of the French victory at Orléans. Though Fauquembergue never saw her in person, this is the only extant depiction from her lifetime (apart from her possible likeness of the head of Saint-Maurice in Orléans). Contemporaine afb jeanne d arc.png
c. 1450 "Joan of Arc compared to Judith", miniature in an illustrated manuscript of Le Champion des Dames by Martin le Franc. Joan of Arc is shown standing next Judith beheading Holofernes. Jeanne d'Arc - Judith - Le Champion des Dames.jpg
c. 1450–1500 Miniature portrait in an illustrated manuscript of the poems of Charles, Duke of Orléans (Centre Historique des Archives Nationales, Paris, AE II 2490, dated to the second half of the 15th century).[4] Joan of Arc miniature graded.jpg
c. 1460 Chronique de Charles VII Jean Chartier Miniature portrait in an illustrated manuscript, similar portrayal to Le Champion des Dames.
1493 Jeanne Hunts Prostitutes in the Army Martial d'Auvergne Miniature from Vigiles du roi Charles VII à neuf psaumes et neuf leçons Vigiles du roi Charles VII 63.jpg
1493 Siege of Orléans Martial d'Auvergne Miniature from Vigiles du roi Charles VII à neuf psaumes et neuf leçons SiegeOfOrleans1429.jpg
1493 Joan of Arc and Charles VII, King of France Martial d'Auvergne Miniature from Vigiles du roi Charles VII à neuf psaumes et neuf leçons Vigiles du roi Charles VII 02.jpg
1493 The Citizens of Troyes Hand Over City Keys to the Dauphin and Joan of Arc Martial d'Auvergne Miniature from Vigiles du roi Charles VII à neuf psaumes et neuf leçons Vigiles misc 03.jpg
1493 The Assault on Paris Martial d'Auvergne Miniature from Vigiles du roi Charles VII à neuf psaumes et neuf leçons Vigiles du roi Charles VII 05.jpeg
1493 Jeanne is Driven in Front of Her Judges Martial d'Auvergne Miniature from Vigiles du roi Charles VII à neuf psaumes et neuf leçons Vigiles du roi Charles VII 08.jpg
1493 Jeanne Being Tied Up Martial d'Auvergne Miniature from Vigiles du roi Charles VII à neuf psaumes et neuf leçons Vigiles du roi Charles VII 10.jpg
late 15th century untitled ? Hermitage of Notre-Dame de Bermont, France Fresco of two young women: one a peasant girl at prayer, the other dressed in male attire: possible depictions of Joan of Arc rediscovered underneath a later work. Joan of Arc was known to pray often at the site. Joan Of Arc 2.jpg
late 15th century Joan of Arc ? Hermitage of Notre-Dame de Bermont, France The young girl is kneeling, doubtless in a chateau, because the ground is not the beaten earth of the houses of the era but a green and black tile-flooring. She is dressed in grey, with high hose, an attire of a man. Thence to think that it has to do with the departure from Vaucouleurs or arrival at Chinon, there is not but to take a step; to prove it is another thing. Jehanne La Pucelle.jpg
c. 1500 "helmeted head of a statue" Musée Historique et Archeologique, Orléans The head of a statue, discovered in 1820 in the ruins of the Church of Saint-Maurice, Orléans, long considered to have been modelled after the likeness of Joan of Arc.[5]
Tete de Saint Maurice Orleans.jpg
1505 untitled ? Joan of Arc on horseback in an illustration from a 1505 manuscript Joan of Arc on horseback.png
1557 Portrait of the Town Council of Orléans ? Joan of Arc wears a robe with slashed sleeves and a plume (symbolic of victory in war) and holds a sword. This became a model for many later portraits.
1620 Joan of Arc at Prayer Peter Paul Rubens North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, North Carolina Jeanne d'Arc, atelier Rubens.jpg
1819 Jeanne d'Arc prisonnière à Rouen (Jeanne d'Arc prisoner to Rouen) Pierre Révoil Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rouen oil on canvas, 137 cm (53.9 in) x 174.5 cm (68.7 in). Jeanne d'arc prisonnière à Rouen-Pierre Révoil-MBA Lyon 2014.jpeg
1824 Jeanne d'Arc interrogated in prison by the cardinal of Winchester Paul Delaroche Musée des Beaux-Arts, Rouen oil on canvas 277 x 217 cm Joan of arc interrogation.jpg
1830 The Painter's Studio Josef Danhauser Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest Josef Danhauser -.jpg
1833 Jeanne d'Arc, in the presence of Charles VII, answers questions from churchmen about her visions and revelations Gillot Saint-Èvre Louvre, Paris 170 x 140 cm
before 1843 Jeanne d'Arc Raymond Monvoisin Collection of the Palacio Vergara de Viña del Mar oil on canvas, 142 × 101 cm (55.9 × 39.8 in) Monvoisin, Raymond - Juana de Arco -ost 142x101 PVergara f02.jpg
1843 "Joan of Arc, On finding in the church of St Catherine de Frébus the sword she dreamt of, devotes herself & it to the service of God & her country" William Etty Llantarnam Abbey, Cwmbran, South Wales, U.K.[6] Left hand panel of triptych [7]
1843 Jeanne d'Arc à la sortie d'Orléans, repoussant les Anglais
[Joan of Arc at the exit of Orléans, repelling the English] '
William Etty Musée des Beaux-Arts d'Orléans Central panel of triptych William Etty - Jeanne dArc.jpg
1843 "Joan of Arc, after rendering the most signal services to her Prince and people, is suffered to die a martyr in their cause" William Etty Unknown Sketch of Right hand Panel of triptych Showing martyrdom of Joan of Arc from C.W.Wass engraving Penny Illustrated News.jpg
1843 Auftreten von Heiliges Catherine und Michael zu Johanna von Arc Hermann Anton Stilke Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg oil on canvas, 119.5 × 83.5 cm (47 × 32.9 in) Hermann Anton Stilke oan of Arc.jpg
1843 Johanna von Arc in der Schlacht Hermann Anton Stilke Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg oil on canvas, 135 × 146 cm (53.1 × 57.5 in) Joan-of-Arc-in-Battle.jpg
1843 Tod von Johanna von Arc auf dem Scheiterhaufen Hermann Anton Stilke Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg oil on canvas 119.5 × 83.5 cm (47 × 32.9 in) Stilke Hermann Anton - Joan of Arc's Death at the Stake.jpg
1843 Entry of Jeanne d'Arc at Orléans, May 8, 1429 Henry Scheffer Palace of Versailles (Galerie des Batailles), Versailles oil on canvas, Height: 425 cm (167.3 in). Width: 483 cm (190.2 in) Henry Scheffer - Entrée de Jeanne d'Arc à Orléans, 8 mai 1429.jpg
1847–1852 Capturer de Jeanne d'Arc Adolf Alexander Dillens Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg 52.5 × 72 cm (20.7 × 28.3 in) Capture of Jeanne by Dillens.jpg
1852 Johanna von Orléans in der Schlacht August Gustav Lasinsky oil on canvas, 76,5 x 107,5 cm. August Gustav Lasinsky Johanna von Orléans in der Schlacht.jpg
1854 Jeanne au Couronnement de Charles VII Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres Musée du Louvre, Paris oil on canvas, 240 cm (94.5 in) x 178 cm (70.1 in) Ingres coronation charles vii.jpg
ca. 1859 Jeanne d'Arc écoutant ses voix (Joan of Arc listening to voices) François-Léon Benouville Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rouen Jeanne darc benouville musee de rouen.jpg
1863 Joan of Arc Kissing the Sword of Delivrance Dante Gabriel Rossetti Strasbourg Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Strasbourg oil on canvas, 61.2 × 53.2 cm (24.1 × 20.9 in) Rossetti, Jeanne d'Arc embrassant l'épée de la Délivrance ( Musée d'art moderne et contemporain de Strasbourg ).JPG
1864 Jeanne d'Arc Prisoner of the English Stanisław Chlebowski Musée Barrois (Bar-le-Duc), France S. von Chlebowski-Jeanne d'Arc prisonnière-Musée barrois.jpg
1864 Joan of Arc Dante Gabriel Rossetti private collection watercolor and bodycolour over pencil, 31 × 30 cm (12.2 × 11.8 in) Dante Gabriel Rossetti - Joan of Arc (1864).jpg
1865 Joan of Arc at Prayer John Everett Millais Private collection John Everett Millais - Joan of Arc.jpg
1876 Jeanne d'Arc écoutant les voix (Joan of Arc's awe upon receiving a vision from the Archangel Michael) Eugène Thirion Ville de Chatou, église Notre-Dame oil on canvas Jeanne d' Arc (Eugene Thirion).jpg
1879 Jeanne d'Arc Jules Bastien-Lepage Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City oil on canvas 100" x 110" Jules Bastien-Lepage Johanna von Orleans anagoria.JPG
1880 Joan Captured by the Burgundians at Compiègne Giraudon Panthéon, Paris mural Capture de Jeanne.JPG
1884 Joan of Arc Listening for the First Time to the Voices That Predict Her Prominent Fate Pedro Américo Museu Nacional de Belas Artes, Rio de Janeiro oil on canvas, 229 × 156 cm (90.2 × 61.4 in) Pedro Américo - Joana d'Arc ouve pela primeira vez a voz etc - 1884.jpg
1886 The Maid of Orleans, entrance of Joan of Arc into Reims in 1429 Jan Matejko The Maid of Orléans.PNG
1887 Entree de Jeanne d'Arc à Orléans Jean-Jacques Scherrer Musée Jeanne-d'Arc, Rouen Scherrer jeanne enters orlean.jpg
1889 Joan of Arc, or Breton girl spinning Paul Gauguin Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam Fresco in wooden support, 134 × 62.9 cm (52.8 × 24.8 in) Jeanne d'Arc Paul Gauguin.jpeg
1880–1890 Jeanne d'Arc hears her voices Eugène Carrière Musée d'Orsay, Paris
1886–1890 Jeanne d'Arc, Bergère Jules Eugène Lenepveu Panthéon, Paris Jules Lenepveu joan arc.jpg
1886–1890 Jeanne d'Arc in armor before Orléans Jules Eugène Lenepveu Panthéon, Paris Jeanne d'Arc - Panthéon II.jpg
1886–1890 Jeanne d'Arc in Rheims at the time of king Charles VII's coronation Jules Eugène Lenepveu Panthéon, Paris Jeanne d'Arc - Panthéon III.jpg
1886–1890 Jeanne at the stake Jules Eugène Lenepveu Panthéon, Paris Jeanne d'Arc - Panthéon IV.jpg
1895 Sleeping Joan of Arc George W. Joy George William Joy joan of arc.jpg
1896 L'histoire de Jeanne d'Arc Louis-Maurice Boutet de Monvel illustrations for his L'histoire de Jeanne d'Arc[8]
19th century Jeanne d'Arc + 1431 ? Musée Louis-Philippe, Eu, Seine-Maritime oil on canvas, 124.5 × 89 cm (49 × 35 in) Jeanne d'Arc + 1431.jpg
ca. 19th century "Joan of Arc Burning at the Stake" Frédéric Théodore Lix (1830–1897) Joan chromolithograph.jpg
ca. 19th/20th century Jeanne d´Arc François Chifflart Oil on canvas, 75 x 60 cm. Jeanne d Arc.jpg
late 19th century Joan of Arc Kneeling Before an Angel Henryk Siemiradzki Joan-of-Arc-Henryk.jpg
ca. 1901 Jeanne d'Arc François Chifflart Oil on canvas, 73 x 60 cm. François Chifflart Jeanne d'Arc.jpg
1903 Jeanne d'Arc Albert Lynch engraving from Figaro Illustre magazine Albert Lynch - Jeanne d'Arc.jpg
1907 Joan of Arc in Battle Frank Craig Craig Franck joan ark.jpeg
1909 Sainte Jeanne d'Arc Paul de La Boulaye oil on canvas Paul de la Boulaye 2.jpg
1909 Maude Adams as Joan of Arc Alphonse Mucha Mucha-Maud Adams as Joan of Arc-1909.jpg
before 1911 Joan of Arc in Prison Howard Pyle private collection oil on canvas Pyle Howard Joan of Arc in Prison.jpg
1912 Portrait of Joan of Arc Andrew C.P. Haggard Portrait jeanne d'arc.jpg
1912 Jeanne d'Arc Roger de La Fresnaye Musée d'art moderne de Troyes, Troyes Fresnaye-jeanne d arc.png
1918 Joan of Arc Frank Schoonover illustrations for the Lucy Foster Madison book Joan of Arc
? (19th century) The departure of Jeanne d'Arc Jean-Jacques Scherrer Musée Jeanne-d'Arc, Vaucouleurs oil on canvas 430 x 320 cm Scherrer jeanne departure.jpg
? St. Joan John William Waterhouse (1849–1917) private collection oil on canvas, 48 × 55 cm (18.9 × 21.7 in) St Joan - John William Waterhouse.jpg
? Joan of Arc Charles-Amable Lenoir (1860–1926) private collection Lenoir, Charles-Amable - Joan of Arc.jpg
? Jeanne d'Arc Gaston Bussière Joan of Arc, by Gaston Bussiere.jpg
? Joan of Arc Gari Melchers (1860–1932) Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis oil on canvas, 30 × 23 in (76.2 × 58.4 cm) Gari Melchers - Joan of Arc.jpg
before 1933 Joan of Arc Annie Swynnerton Swynnerton joan arc.jpg
? Joan of Arc Harold H. Piffard Public collection oil on canvas, 91.5 × 72.2 cm (36 × 28.4 in) Harold piffard joan of arc.jpg
2001 Joan of Arc[9] Donato Giancola 17" x 27" Oil on Paper
2013 Joan of Arc[10] Donato Giancola 24" x 42" Oil on Panel


Date Artist Location Notes
1852 François Rude Paris, Jardin du Luxembourg Standing figure.
1855 Denis Foyatier, with bas relief pedestal by Vital Dubray Orléans, place du Martroi Bronze equestrian statue.
1874 Emmanuel Frémiet Philadelphia, Fairmount Park Equestrian statue. Made from a plaster mold commissioned in 1874 by Napoleon III and originally located in Paris; a copy of the Paris statue was commissioned by Philadelphia, but Frémiet sent the original, as he had replaced the Paris statue with a revised one. [9]. [10], [11]
1882 Frederic Leroux Compiègne, France
1889 Paul DuBois Reims, France Equestrian statue.
1891 Marius Mercié Domrémy-la-Pucelle, France
1892 Louis-Ernest Barrias Bonsecours, France Standing figure in white marble and gold leaf. In 1990 the original was moved to the church basilica and its gold leaf was removed. A copy in gold leaf now occupies the site where the original once stood.
1895 Paul DuBois Paris, Place St. Augustin Equestrian Statue located in front of the Eglise St. Augustin. Copies were placed in other cities in France, such as Rheims and Strasbourg.
1899 Emmanuel Frémiet Paris, Place des Pyramides Equestrian statue. Originally commissioned in 1874 by Napoleon III; this is a revised version of the statue Frémiet made at that time.
1900 Prosper d'Épinay Rheims, France Standing figure. Donated to Reims cathedral in 1909.
1907 Emmanuel Frémiet State Library of Victoria, Australia Equestrian statue, replica of the Emmanuel Frémiet statue in Paris.
1915 Anna Hyatt Huntington New York City, Riverside Park at 93rd Street Equestrian statue. This was the first public statue in the city to be dedicated to a woman (as opposed to idealized concepts such as Liberty and Victory). Information from the New York Public Art Curriculum site: [12]. A replica of this statue can also be found in Gloucester, Massachusetts.[11] A reduced version is located at Longwood University in Farmville, Virginia.[12]
1915 Paul Manship Smithsonian American Art Museum Medal, showing an equestrian figure on the obverse and a figure at the stake on the reverse.
After 1921 Matane, Quebec, church of St. Joan of Arc Standing figure.
1922 Paul DuBois Washington, D.C., Meridian Hill Park Bronze copy of the statue by DuBois at Reims Cathedral.
1920 St. Louis Cathedral, New Orleans, Louisiana Standing figure. It was donated to the Cathedral by "The Sodality of Saint Joan of Arc."
cast 1924 Emmanuel Frémiet Portland, Oregon, Laurelhurst neighborhood Equestrian statue. It was erected as a tribute to the fallen soldiers of World War I and is a replica of the Frémiet statue at Place des Pyramides in Paris. [13]
1947 Laval (Quebec) Standing figure.
? Lanson Jargeau, France place du Martroy Standing figure
? ? Notre-Dame de Montréal BasilicaMontreal Standing figure, to the left of the altar.
1972 Emmanuel Frémiet Decatur Street, French MarketNew Orleans, Louisiana Equestrian statue. It was a gift from the People of France to the City of New Orleans and is a replica of the Frémiet statue at Place des Pyramides in Paris.
? ? Eglise St-PierreMont Saint-Michel – France Standing figure, by the entrance to the church.


Date Title Country Notes Ref
1898 Jeanne d'Arc France short film directed by Georges Hatot [14]
1899 Jeanne d'Arc France short film directed by George Méliès starring Jeanne d'Alcy [15]
1908 Jeanne d'Arc France directed by Albert Capellani, starring Léontine Massart [16]
1908 Giovanna d'Arco Italy directed by Mario Caserini starring Maria Gasperini, based on Schiller's play [17]
1913 Giovanna d'Arco Italy directed by Ubaldo Maria Del Colle starring Maria Jacobini [18]
1917 Joan the Woman US directed by Cecil B. DeMille, starring Geraldine Farrar; set in the trenches of World War I [19]
1921 The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse US "The Spirit of France" Intertitle has an image of an Equestrian statue of Joan [20]
1927 Saint Joan US directed by Widgey R. Newman, starring Sybil Thorndike. Based on a scene from Shaw's play. [21]
1928 The Passion of Joan of Arc France directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer, starring Renée Jeanne Falconetti. Widely regarded as one of the greatest films of the silent era; initially banned in Britain. [22] [23]
1929 The Marvelous Life of Joan of Arc France directed by Marco de Gastines, starring Simone Genevois [24]
1933 Mystery of the Wax Museum US Igor turns one of his victims into a statue of Joan of Arc Mystery of the Wax Museum
1935 Das Mädchen Johanna Germany directed by Gustav Ucicky, starring Angela Salloker [25]
1944 De Jeanne d'Arc à Philippe Pétain France documentary narrated by Sacha Guitry [26]
1948 Joan of Arc US directed by Victor Fleming, starring Ingrid Bergman, based on the Maxwell Anderson play [27]
1952 Joan of Arc US Hallmark Hall of Fame episode [28]
1954 Giovanna d'Arco al rogo Italy directed by Roberto Rossellini, starring Ingrid Bergman, based on the oratorio by Paul Claudel and Arthur Honegger [29]
1954 Destinies France a film in sketches directed by Jean Delannoy, starring Michèle Morgan [30]
1956 Jehanne France short film directed by Robert Enrico [31]
1957 Saint Joan US directed by Otto Preminger, starring Jean Seberg, based on the George Bernard Shaw play [32]
1957 The Story of Mankind US directed by Irwin Allen, featuring Hedy Lamarr as Joan. Based on a book by Hendrik Willem van Loon. [33]
1957 The Lark US TV production of L'Alouette, starring Julie Harris, who played Joan on Broadway [34]
1958 Saint Joan UK TV adaptation of Shaw's play, starring Siobhán McKenna [35]
1960 Jeanne D'Arc auf dem Scheiterhaufen Germany movie for TV starring Margot Trooger, a version of the Honegger oratorio [36]
1961 Jeanne au Vitrail France short film directed by Claude Antoine
1962 Procès de Jeanne d'Arc France directed by Robert Bresson, starring Florence Delay [37]
1962 Histoire de Jeanne France short film directed by Francis Lacassin [38]
1966 Der Fall Jeanne d'Arc Germany TV movie directed by Paul Verhoeven, starring Kathrin Schmid [39]
1967 Saint Joan United States NBC television adaptation of Shaw's play, starring Geneviève Bujold [40]
1968 St. Joan UK another television adaptation of Shaw's play, starring Janet Suzman [41]
1970 Nachalo – The Début USSR directed by Gleb Panfilov, starring Inna Churikova [42]
1978 Heilige Jeanne (Sacred Joan) Netherlands TV movie starring Rutger Hauer [43]
1983 Joan of Arc UK with commentary by Marina Warner
1989 Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure US Joan and other historic figures are transported to San Dimas for a history project. Memorable lines include "Who was Joan of Arc?" "Noah's wife?" "Welcome aboard, Miss of Arc!" [44]
1989 Giovanna d'Arco Italy Verdi's opera directed by Werner Herzog starring Susan Dunn, based on Schiller's play [45]

Jeanne d'Arc (Frémiet)|- valign="top"

1990 Jeanne d'Ark: Visjon Gjennom Eld Norway TV movie written by Juni Dahr [46]
1993 Jeanne d'Arc au Bûcher Japan TV movie of the Honegger-Claudel oratorio (in French), starring Marthe Keller [47]
1994 Jeanne la Pucelle France directed by Jacques Rivette, starring Sandrine Bonnaire [48]
1999 The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc France directed by Luc Besson, starring Milla Jovovich, John Malkovich, Faye Dunaway and Dustin Hoffman

Film depicts Joan of Arc having a mental illness that is mistaken as divine visions

1999 Joan of Arc Canada TV mini-series starring Leelee Sobieski [50]
1999 Wired Angel US directed by Sam Wells, music by Joe Renzetti [51]
2004 Jeanne d'Arc France directed by Laurent Preyale [52]
2011 Jeanne Germany directed by Shahram Varza, premiere São Paulo International Film Festival 2011
2017 Jeannette: The Childhood of Joan of Arc France directed by Bruno Dumont[13] [53]

In popular culture[edit]


There is a brand of beans named after Joan currently produced by B & G Foods.[16]


Date Title Artist/Group Notes
1917 Joan of Arc Henry Burr Performed by Henry Burr on Columbia's label.
1917 Joan of Arc's Answer Song J. L. Lavoy The sheet music cover has an illustration of Joan of Arc on horseback with outstretched sword with soldiers of various nations charging underneath.
1917 Joan of Arc They Are Calling You Jack Wells The cover illustration for the sheet music to this song depicts Joan of Arc leading an attack.
1970 Songs of Love and Hate (album) Leonard Cohen Contains a song (released as a single in 1971) titled "Joan of Arc", and lyrics in the song "Last Year's Man" that refer to her: "I met a lady, she was playing with her soldiers in the dark, oh one by one she had to tell them that her name was Joan of Arc."
1975 "Kimberly" (song) Patti Smith From the album Horses, includes the lyrics, "The sea rushes up my knees like flame/ And I feel like just some misplaced Joan Of Arc."
1981 Architecture & Morality (album) Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark Contains two songs about Joan of Arc titled "Joan of Arc" and "Joan of Arc (Maid of Orleans)", both were released as singles.
1984 "Eu Não Matei Joana d'Arc" (song) Camisa de Vênus Name of song means "I did not kill Joan of Arc". Humorous song where a man says that he never had an affair with Joan of Arc and is innocent in her death.
1986 "Bigmouth Strikes Again" (song) The Smiths Includes the lyrics, "And now I know how Joan of Arc felt, as the flames rose to her Roman nose and her Walkman started to melt", and "And now I know how Joan of Arc felt, as the flames rose to her Roman nose and her hearing aid started to melt."
1993 Houdini (album) The Melvins Contains a song titled "Joan of Arc".
1994 Voices of Light (album) Richard Einhorn An oratorio inspired by the silent film The Passion of Joan of Arc. The libretto is based on excerpts from a variety of ancient writings, most of it from Medieval female mystics.
formed 1995 Joan of Arc The name of an indie rock band from Chicago
1995 "Vow" (song) Garbage Includes the lyrics, "You burned me out but I'm back at your door/ Like Joan of Arc coming back for more."
1998 "Joan of Arc (7")" (single) Low (band) Released on Tugboat Records
1998 "Siren" (album) Heather Nova Contains the song "I'm the Girl", in which Heather sings: "I'm a Joan of Arc, I'm the girl next door."
first release 1998 Janne Da Arc Japanese rock band named after the character in the manga Devilman by Go Nagai
1999 "She's So High" (song) Tal Bachman Includes the lyrics, "She's so high/ like Cleopatra, Joan of Arc, or Aphrodite", which speaks of the focus woman as being as smart as Cleopatra, as brave as Joan of Arc, and as beautiful as Aphrodite.
1999 "Right on Time" (song) Red Hot Chili Peppers From the album Californication, includes the lyrics, "Joan of Arc reincarnated/ Maybe we could be related/ So much blood to circulate/ And so much space to decorate."
2000 The Hall of the Olden Dreams (album) Dark Moor An album released from a Spanish power metal band. The album contains a song titled "Maid of Orleans", which is about life of Joan of Arc.
2002 "Did Anybody Sleep With Joan of Arc?" (song) Elton John (music), Bernie Taupin (lyrics) A summary of Joan of Arc's life.
2002 "Free & Easy" (song) Ayumi Hamasaki Japanese singer and songwriter, based the lyrics and music video for her single on her interpretation of Joan of Arc's feelings. She also produced a photobook entitled Hamasaki Republic – Free & Easy where she was dressed as a warrior, a nun, and a knight.
2003 "Cadence" (song) Anberlin Includes the lyrics "Burning like Joan of Arc to See You", appearing on the band's debut album Blueprints for the Black Market.
2004 A Lifetime of Temporary Relief (album) Low (band) Minnesota-based indie rock band released two versions of their song "Joan of Arc."
2005 Plague Angel (album) Marduk Black metal band from Sweden, have a song entitled "Everything Bleeds", which is about Jeanne d'Arc.
2005 Aerial (album) Kate Bush Sings about Joan of Arc in "Joanni."
2005 Jeanne d'Arc (album) Thy Majestie Concept album about Joan of Arc by a power metal band from Italy.
2005 Jeanne d'Arc (album) Tangerine Dream Musical tribute to Joan of Arc performed on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of the French Cathedral in Berlin.
2006 "World of Stone" (song) Blackmore's Night The song is about Joan of Arc, appearing on their 5th studio album, The Village Lanterne.
2006 Joan of Arc (album) Tony Conrad Joan of Arc is a 2006 album by mimimalist composer Tony Conrad. The piece, which lasts unbroken for over an hour, was originally written by Conrad as a soundtrack to accompany Piero Heliczer's eponymous short film.
2006 "The Martyr's Lounge" (song) Ellis Paul Includes the lyrics, "JFK, Joan of Arc / sit in the corner, kissing in the dark".
2008 The Historical Conquests of Josh Ritter (album) Josh Ritter The song "To the Dogs or Whoever" (the album's opening track) mentions Joan of Arc and other historical women
2008 Godspeed on the Devil's Thunder (album) Cradle of Filth A concept album about the life of Joan of Arc's companion-in-arms Gilles de Rais, in which she is a central character.
2008 "Joan" (song) Heather Dale The fifth track on her fourth studio album, The Gabriel Hounds. Joan sings the story of her own life and crusade.
2008 "Lenders In The Temple" (song) Conor Oberst Includes the lyrics "So watch your back, the Ides of March, Cut your hair like Joan of Arc"
2010 "Pearl" (song) Katy Perry Includes the lyrics "She could be a Joan of Arc"
2013 "Joan of Arc" (song) Arcade Fire The seventh track in Arcade Fire's fourth studio album Reflektor.
2013 "Miley Cyrus vs Joan of Arc" (song) Epic Rap Battles of History Singer and actress Miley Cyrus (Michelle Glavan) battles French folk heroine Joan of Arc (Jessi Smiles).[17][18]
2015 "Joan of Arc" (song) Madonna The eight song on Madonna's album Rebel Heart.[19]
2015 "Jeanne d'Arc" Wednesday Campanella The fifth song on the album Jugem' Je t'aime[20]
2018 "Joan of Arc" (Little Mix song) Little Mix The sixth song from their fifth studio album "LM5".[21]
2019 "Joan of Arc" (Night Lovell and $uicideboy$ song) Night Lovell and $uicideboy$ Released as a single


Date Series Notes Ref
1972–1978 Maude theme song includes 'Joan of Arc with the Lord to guide her/she was a sister who really cooked.' [54]
1979 M*A*S*H "Are You Now, Margaret?", Hawkeye references Joan of Arc. [55]
1981 Taiyo Sentai Sun Vulcan "The Cursed Dead" features Joan of Arc, Dracula and Billy the Kid resurrected to terrorize the titular team as they were souls never put to rest. [56]
1992–1996 Forever Knight "For I Have Sinned", Nicholas Knight (Geraint Wyn Davies) recalls his friendship with Jeanne d'Arc (Christina Cox) as he tries to overcome his fear of the holy cross in order to track down a blasphemous murderer. [57]
1995–1998 Wishbone "Bone of Arc" is based on Mark Twain's Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc [58]
1998 Histeria! "Great Heroes of France", voiced by Laraine Newman [59]
1999 Buffy the Vampire Slayer "Fear, Itself", in this Halloween-themed episode, Willow chose to dress up like Joan of Arc, because she was also (almost) burned at the stake in "Gingerbread". [60]
2001 Witchblade "Parallax", Sara learns Joan of Arc wielded the Witchblade [61]
2002 The Simpsons "Tales from the Public Domain" features Lisa as Joan of Arc [62]
2002–2003 Clone High Joan of Arc was a character [63]
2003–2005 Joan of Arcadia a girl speaks with God and uses His influence to do good [64]
2004 Wonderfalls series theme inspired by Joan of Arc [65]
2006–2007 Heroes features a character named St. Joan [66]
2011 Deadliest Warrior "Joan of Arc vs. William the Conqueror" [67]
2013 Horrible Histories Series 5 features a song about Joan of Arc [68]
2017 Fate/Apocrypha Servant of the Ruler class [69]

Video games[edit]

Date Game Notes
1989 Joan of Arc – Siege and the Sword / Jeanne d'Arc Historically based war strategy and action game by Brøderbund for Amiga, ST and PC.
1992 World Heroes series NeoGeo fighting game. The character Janne D'Arc, a beautiful French swordswoman with pyrokinetic powers, is very much inspired by Joan of Arc.
1995 Soul Edge Fighting game released by Namco about a sword full of evil spirits. The character Sophitia Alexandra shares a similar story to Joan of Arc. Although they both eventually met and bonds each other in Warriors Orochi 3 Ultimate
1999 Age of Empires II: The Age of Kings The central character in one of the major campaigns in which she is depicted as a peasant at first but follows a historically driven plot leading to her capture and death.
2000 Perfect Dark Nintendo 64 game. Whilst in no way is the game about Joan, the central character Joanna Dark's name is a play on Jeanne d'Arc.[22]
2001 Civilization III The Leader of France's civilization is Joan of Arc.
2002 La Pucelle: Tactics PlayStation game. The title is an allusion to Joan of Arc. Most of the character and place names within the game are French, but the game scenario is unrelated fantasy.
2004 Wars and Warriors: Joan of Arc PC game, title character.
2006 Age of Empires: The Age of Kings Nintendo DS game major playable character.
2006 Jeanne d'Arc PSP game, title character in a fantasy universe loosely based on the historical story.
2006, 2008 Yggdra Union Game Boy Advance/PSP game. Minor character Monica, a peasant girl who receives divine inspiration and rises up to defend her country from invasion, is based on Joan of Arc.
2007 Bladestorm: The Hundred Years' War PS3 game, Xbox 360 game, major character and leader of the French troops.
2008 Atlantica Online PC MMORPG, Hero Mercenary, evolved form of "Lady Knight" Mercenary
2009 Assassin's Creed II PS3/Xbox 360/PC action game. It is claimed that she had the 25th Piece of Eden, the Sword, and the Templars burned her alive to gain possession of it.
2009 Dragon Age Andraste, a messianic figure in the game world who is both a religious and military leader, is partially based upon Joan of Arc.
2010 Bayonetta PS3/Xbox 360/PC game contains a character named Jeanne who acts as Bayonetta's rival. She also possesses some references to the real life Joan of Arc, with her trademark red outfit being the product of the fictional Italian fashion brand D'arc.
2011 Deadliest Warrior: Legends PS3/Xbox 360 game. Historical warriors engage in one-on-one fighting; Joan of Arc is playable through downloadable content.
2012 Warriors Orochi 3 PS3/Xbox 360 hack and slash game, Joan's Bladestorm: The Hundred Years' War incarnation appears as a special guest character and is involved in the plot to save the world from destruction. In Ultimate update game, this is where Joan and Sophitia met and shares their bonds each other.
2013 Angel Master (エンジェルマスター, Enjeru Masutā) This iOS and Android card action game contains a character named Jeanne d'Arc (ジャンヌ・ダルク, Jan'nu Daruku), who is one of the game's three main characters.
2015 Fate/Grand Order Appears as a summonable servant in the Ruler, Avenger and Lancer classes. Also appears in the First Singularity: Hundred Years War of the First Dragons: Orleans as the main ally (In ruler class) of the player and the antagonist of the singularity, The Dragon Witch (Avenger), who was summoned by Caster (Gilles de Rais) using the Holy Grail.

Comics and animation[edit]

Date Title Format Notes Ref
1973 Belladonna Feature film Portrays Jeanne as a witch, as she was portrayed by her detractors, but sympathetically so.
1995 Jeanne Manga Three comic volume work set in the Hundred Years' War whose central character's life parallels that of Joan of Arc. By Yoshikazu Yasuhiko, based on story by Chōjun Ōtani
1995–1996 D'arc: Histoire de Jeanne D'arc Comic Two volume fantasy retelling the story of Joan of Arc. Art by Katsuya Kondō and story by Ken'ichi Sakemi.
1995–present Witchblade Comic, TV series Joan of Arc is a blade wielder. [70]
1998–2000 Histeria! Animation WB animated series that parodies a variety of figures from history. Joan of Arc is a regular character, voiced by Laraine Newman. She constantly extinguishes fires that spring up around her. She talks with a Valley Girl accent and introduces herself as "like, I'm Joan, Joan of Arc". [71]
1998–2004 Shaman King Anime The leader of the group X-Laws, Iron Maiden Jeanne, is a French girl who receives a divine revelation while praying in church that she must purge an evil force or the world will be destroyed.
March 17, 2002 The Simpsons Animation In episode "Tales from the Public Domain", Lisa Simpson plays Joan of Arc and Milhouse plays the Dauphin, after Homer reads about her in a children's book. However, when Homer gets to the part where she was burned at the stake, Lisa says, "Was she killed?" and Marge runs in and says, "Just then, Sir Lancelot rode up on his white horse and saved Joan of Arc! They got married and lived in a spaceship!" She then tore the page out, ate it, and says, "Easier to chew than that Bambi video!" Episode synopsis: [72]. [73]
2002–2003 Clone High Animation Joan of Arc's clone appeared in the traditionally animated show. [74]
2003 Digimon Anime The seventh movie of the Digimon series features a Digimon named d'Arcmon who is a female angel and soldier leading the "human-type" Digimon on Wondering Island. She uses a special sword attack called "La Pucelle." She later is revealed only to be a disguised form of Murmuxmon. [75]
2003 Yu-Gi-Oh! Anime, TCG In the Yu-Gi-Oh! Trading Card game there is a monster card named St. Joan (Saint Jeanne in Japan). It is summoned by fusing The Forgiving Maiden (Compassionate Nun) and Marie the Fallen One (Fallen Angel Marie).

In the anime Yu-Gi-Oh Serenity Wheeler (Shizuka Kawai) used it when she, Tristan Taylor (Hiroto Honda), and Duke Devlin (Ryuji Otogi) were forced to face Nesbitt (Soichiro Ota). With power ups from other cards it was able to destroy Nesbitt's last monster, the Perfect Machine King, and win the duel in episode 107 "Mechanical Mayhem Part 2" ("Saint Jeanne's Trinity Attack").

2003 Ashita no Nadja Anime Nadja, Kennosuke, and Georg are treasure hunting for Joan of Arc's treasure. It turns out to be a seed that she planted that bloomed and spread into a field of flowers. She is briefly shown planting it in a flashback. [76]
2003–2009 Hetalia: Axis Powers Manga and Anime In a brief flashback to the Hundred Years' War, Joan of Arc (often known only as あのこ or "that kid" in-story) looks on in confusion while the anthropomorphic personification of England teases the anthropomorphic personification of France for "relying on a girl". Several centuries later, her supposed reincarnation is given a private tour of Mont Saint-Michel by France. [77]
2005 Top 10: The Forty-Niners Comic One of the officers, named Joanna Dark, dresses in chainmail and uses holy powers.
2006 Aflame Inferno Manhwa/Manga Joan of Arc appears as a character in the series.
2007–09 Code Geass: Nightmare of Nunally manga Joan of Arc appears as the "Witch of Orleans" and gives C.C. her Geass. Her personality is different from real life.

Portions of this page were translated from the French Wikipedia.

2008-ongoing Aria the Scarlet Ammo Manga A character of the series is Jeanne d'Arc 30th who is a descendent of the original Joan of Arc.
2009-ongoing Drifters Manga Joan of Arc appears as an "Ends", a villainous group of fallen historical figures who wish to destroy the world and exterminate humankind. In the series, Joan is an insane warrior who has exchanged her humanity for the supernatural ability to manipulate fire.
2009-ongoing Afterschool Charisma Manga Currently at four volumes, this series takes place at an exclusive school called St. Kleio Academy that is mostly attended by clones of famous people. Joan of Arc's clone appears along with clones of other important people such as Napoleon Bonaparte, Queen Elizabeth I, Florence Nightingale, Marie Curie, Ikkyu, Sigmund Freud and others.
2009-ongoing Makai Ouji: Devils and Realist Manga and Anime Portrayed as the former lover of Gilles de Rais and as an angel, having been purified, suggesting that she was once evil.
2010–present Times Like This webcomic In this time-travel series, Joan is rescued during her execution and brought to modern Texas to live out her full life as a secondary character in the series.
2011 Puella Magi Madoka Magica Anime In Episode 11 it is revealed that she was a magical girl, along with Cleopatra and other famous women in history.
2012 Family Guy Animation In the Season 10 Episode 19 "Mr. and Mrs. Stewie", Joan of Arc is depicted as obnoxious and annoying in a cutaway after Stewie notes that women always turn out to be nightmares.
2013–present Rooster Teeth Productions RWBY Animation In the series, the leader of Team JNPR, Jaune Arc, wielder of the Crocea Mors, is derived of the legend of Joan of Arc. While his characterization and history is different from Joan of Arc's, his rival is Cardin Winchester, an allusion to the Cardinal of Winchester who presided over Joan of Arc's trial.
2013 Makai Ouji: Devils and Realist Anime Portrayed as the former lover of Gilles de Rais and as an angel, having been purified, suggesting that she was once evil.
2013 Rage of Bahamut: Genesis Anime In the series, she's the "chosen one" by the gods to destroy Bahamut; a giant dragon.
2013 Boxers and Saints Comic In the two-part series Joan appears in the Saints volume as a mentor for the Chinese Christian convert Vibiana (Four-Girl).
2013–2017 Puella Magi Tart Magica: The Legend of Jeanne d'Arc Manga Based in the Puella Magi Madoka Magica universe, wherein episode 11 showed she was a magical girl, along with other famous women in history. The manga chronicles her time of becoming a magical girl to her becoming the legendary warrior of France to her eventual demise of being burned at the stake.

In philately[edit]

Date Country Yvert[23]
1929 France 257
1946 France 768
1968 France 1579
1979 France 2051
1996 France 3002
2012 France 4654

Other representations[edit]

Joan of Arc's short haircut had a profound effect on women's hairstyles in the twentieth century. In 1909, the Paris hairdresser Antoine took Joan of Arc as the inspiration for the bob, which ended centuries of taboo against women who cut their hair. The style became popular in the 1920s and was associated with liberated women. Nearly all subsequent Western hair fashions are designed for women who cut their hair at least occasionally. Such haircut is still known in French as coupe à la Jeanne d'Arc (Joan of Arc's haircut).

During the Cristero War in 1927, a group of female Cristeros named themselves after Joan of Arc. They obtained money, supplies, and intelligence for the male combatants. They often smuggled weapons into war zones and cared for the wounded. By the end of the war they had 35,000 participants.

Several people have been seen as modern versions of Joan of Arc:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Pernoud 1999, p. 243.
  2. ^ Pernoud 1999, p. 239.
  3. ^ Pernoud 1999, pp. 240, 246.


  1. ^ "L'Orléanide: Poème National en Vingt-Huit Chants" Bibliothèque nationale de France retrieved January 20, 2017
  2. ^ "Jo Lampert Takes On Joan Of Arc" by Elizabeth Blair NPR March 18, 2017; retrieved November 8, 2018
  3. ^ "David Byrne's New Off-Broadway Show 'Joan of Arc' Falls Into the Musical Abyss" by Peter Marks Washington Post March 15, 2017; retrieved November 8, 2018
  4. ^ "The later, fifteenth-century manuscript of Charles, Duke of Orléans contains a miniature of Joan in armour; the face has certain characteristic features known from her contemporaries' descriptions, and the artist may have worked from indications by someone who had known her." Joan M. Edmunds, The Mission of Joan of Arc (2008), p. 40.
  5. ^ Edmunds (2008:40f.) portrays the possibility of the head representing Jeanne d'Arc as plausible, citing enthusiastic support from Walter Scott and Bernard Shaw, and claims a "a tradition than when Joan entered Orléans in triumph after the siege was raised a sculptor modelled the head of his statue of St Maurice from Joan herself". The head was discovered in the ruins of the demolished church in 1820, and the "tradition" is in fact limited to learned 19th-century speculation. 20th-century art historians tend to identify the head as belonging to a statue of Saint George. "Tête casquée découverte en 1820 dans les démolitions des restes de l'ancienne église Saint-Eloi-Saint-Maurice, considérée parfois, mais à tort, comme représentant Jeanne d'Arc; c'est en réalité une tête de St Georges." Val de Loire; Maine, Orléanais, Touraine, Anjou, Hachette (1963), p. 70.
  6. ^ James Hamilton's "A Strange Business: Art, Culture, and Commerce in Nineteenth Century London" 2015
  7. ^ A [copyrighted picture of the left handed panal can be found on page 317 of William Etty: The Life and Art By Leonard Robinson 2007]
  8. ^ "The Story of Joan of Arc" Children's Book Almanac retrieved May 30, 2016
  9. ^ Joan of Arc Donato Art retrieved May 30, 2016
  10. ^ "Joan of Arc" Donato Art retrieved May 30, 2016
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2011-09-16.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Joanie on the Pony – Home at Last". Archived from the original on September 7, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  13. ^ Vivarelli, Nick (10 March 2017). "French Auteur Bruno Dumont on His Upcoming Joan of Arc Musical 'Jeanette'". Variety. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  14. ^ "Benetton Group: Evolution of Communication Strategy" Archived 2013-11-01 at the Wayback Machine Scribd February 21, 2010
  15. ^ "Poise Adverts & Commercials Archive: Joan of Arc" September 30, 2017
  16. ^
  17. ^ Miley Cyrus vs Joan of Arc videoclip on YouTube
  18. ^ Leslie Kaufman (October 29, 2013). "Making Silly Showdowns for YouTube". New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
  19. ^ "Madonna Just Surprise Released Six New Songs on iTunes". Spin. December 20, 2014. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  20. ^ "Suiyōbi No Campanella – Jugem je t'aime | Specific Recordings". Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  21. ^ Bajgrowicz, Brooke (2 November 2018). "Little Mix Drop Fierce Anthem "Joan Of Arc" Listen". Billboard. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  22. ^ Darran Jones (29 March 2010). "Interview: Martin Hollis". NowGamer. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  23. ^ "Yvert et Tellier, matériel pour toutes collections (philatélie, numismatique) – Timbres – Monnaies".
  24. ^ "Ehrungen". Archived from the original on 2011-09-12. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
  • Nadia Margolis, Joan of Arc in History, Literature, and Film (New York: Garland, 1990).
  • Régine Pernoud and Marie-Véronique Clin, Joan of Arc: Her Story, trans. Jeremy Duquesnay Adams (New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 1999).

External links[edit]