Culture of Bangalore
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Bangalore is the capital and largest city in the Indian state of Karnataka. With a population of over 10 million (as of March 2014), Bangalore is the third largest city in India and 27th largest city in the world. Bangalore is one of the most ethnically diverse cities in the country, with over 62% of the city's population comprising migrants from other parts of India. Historically a multicultural city, Bangalore has experienced a dramatic social and cultural change with the advent of the liberalization and expansion of the information technology and business process outsourcing industries in India. IT companies in Bangalore employ over 35% of India's pool of 1 million IT professionals.
Bangalore is known as the Garden City of India and has two nationally recognized botanical gardens – Lal Bagh and Cubbon Park, which attract a lot of visitors through the year. The city was the recipient of the Indira Priyadarshini Vruksha Mitra award in the late 1980s, in recognition of its extensive green cover.
The people of Bangalore are called Bangalorean (Bengalurenavaru in Kannada) and the definition permeates class, religion and language. One of the major religions of Bangalore is Hinduism. The city will celebrate what is known to be Bangalore's most important and oldest festival called "Karaga Shaktyotsava" or Bengalooru Karaga. Deepavali, the "Festival of Lights", transcends demographic and religious lines and is celebrated with great vigour. Dasara, a traditional celebratory hallmark of the old Kingdom of Mysore is another important festival. Other traditional Indian festivals such as Ganesh Chaturthi, Ugadi, Sankranthi, Diwali, Eid ul-Fitr and Christmas are also celebrated.
Bangalore is home to the Kannada film industry which churns out about 100 movies each year and is the fifth largest movie industry in India, in terms of revenue. The Kannada Movie Industry has spawned a different colloquial type variety altogether, commonly referred to as Bangalore Kannada.
Bangalore is also known as Ham Radio Capital of India because of the number of Amateur (Ham) Radio licence holders and their activities. Bangalore has nearly twenty Amateur (Ham) Radio Clubs and four VHF Repeaters. Bangalore Amateur Radio Club VU2ARC started in year 1959 celebrating its Golden Jubilee – 50th Year. Lions Clubs International Amateur (Ham) Radio Club VU2LCI has its base here.
The diversity of the cuisine available is reflective of the social and economic diversity of Bangalore. Roadside vendors, tea stalls, South Indian, North Indian, Muslim food, Chinese and Western fast food are all very popular in the city. Udupi restaurants, are very popular and serve predominantly vegetarian cuisine. The Chinese food and the Thai food served in most of the restaurants are customized to cater to the tastes of the Indian population. Bangalore can also be called a foodie's paradise because of its vast varieties of foods and edibles with a touch of Bangalore's uniqueness and tradition
Some of the renowned traditional Bangalore vegetarian restaurants are MTR (Mavalli Tiffin Room), Vidyarthi Bhavan, Udupi Krishna Bhavan, Ramakrishna Lunch Home, Hotel Sharavathi in Yelahanka, New Krishna Bhavan, Janatha Hotel, Central Tiffin Room, Restaurants at Janardhana Hotel and Chalukya Hotel and Ullas to name a few. The masala dosa – rice pancake smeared with red chilli chutney and stuffed with potato curry, 'set dosa' – 3 medium-sized dosas, 'benne masalae' – thick rice pancake prepared with butter – are some of the local favourites and few stake the origin of these dishes from Bangalore. Bisi bele bath, Rava idli, Pongal, the spicy Uppittu – served as Khara Bath in most of the restaurants are some of the other local favourites.
The Muslim cuisine of Bangalore is unique as it delivers an interesting blend of Mughlai cuisine, Hyderabadi Muslim or Nawabi cuisine as it is called with a distinct Bangalorean flavour. The MM Road in Fraser Town is renowned for its unique collection of around 5 to 6 Muslim restaurants, 3 to 4 Mughlai takeaways, a Chinese restaurant, a sald bar and 2 Arabian themed restaurants. Empire Restaurant of Shivajinagar is very famous and has its own chain of restaurants throughout Bangalore. The Chandni Chowk area of Shivajinagar also has concentration of tightly packed restaurants and tea shops, where business booms behind closed shutters until the wee hours of daylight. The most favourite sought after delicacies include the Tandoori Chicken, Bangalorean Biriyani, Sheek kebabs, Sheek Rolls, Chicken kebabs, Rumali Rotis and lots more. Road side stalls however rather not difficult to find in areas with a Muslim population give a more dynamic but risky option of barbecued and tasty beef sheek kebab and local Bangalorean recipe Phaal, beef cubes in spicy green masala, served with hot Rice Sevian(Plain steamed Vermicelli). Fried Mutton Brains is also a really tasty choice for daring food-a-holics.
Arabian cuisine is also slowly on the rise with Shawarma and Falafel gathering some popularity although these hotels are usually frequented by Arab students and Indians who have lived in the Middle East.
Some of the bakeries in Bangalore are also quite popular for a quick snack. There are many fruit juice stalls and shoppers often visit them.
Bangalore also has some fine dining and specialized restaurants that cover various cuisines of the world. For good Mangalorean and Konkan style seafood, there's Kudla, Mangalore Pearl and Sa-na-dige. The city also is known to have really good Italian and new-age continental food in places like Sunny's on Lavelle Road and Olive Beach. The various restaurants in the five-star hotels in the city also offer some very authentic and delicious meals. Some of these include Blue Ginger (Thai/ Vietnamese, Taj West End), Raj Pavilion (Colonial Indian Cuisine, Sheraton Windsor Manor), Zen (Japanese / Korean, Leela Palace), and the many 24-hour cafes these hotels run.
Nowadays Bangalore is diversified with Hyderabadi Biryani in all areas. Some of Famous Biryani restaurants are 'Dande's Hyderabad Biryani' in Bommanahalli and BTM Layout, Paradise, Meghana Foods, Krutunga and so on...
Bangalore is marked by many musical bards who have contributed significantly to both forms of Indian classical music, the Carnatic and Hindustani traditions. A home to many outstanding musicians, veterans and upcoming, Karnataka prides itself of renowned musical personalities like Purandara Dasa (the father of Carnatic music), Tyagraja, Kalakkad Subbiah Ramanarayanan Iyer, Dr Nithyasree Mahadevan, Gingger Shankar, Basavaraj Rajguru, Gangubai Hangal and Sawai Gandharva.
The newfangled musicians of Karnataka have adapted a modernistic approach towards music and have flawlessly conflated different various genres to create progressive music, yet retaining the ethnic appeal. Some of the names worth mentioning are Lucky Ali, Suchethan Rangaswamy, Jim Ankan Deka, Bapu Padmanabha, Pravin Godkhindi, Shimoga Subbanna, Mysore Ananthaswamy, P. Kalinga Rao, G. V. Atri, C. Ashwath and Balappa Hukker. Internationally reputed Musicians who reside in Bengaluru today are Raghu Dixit, Praveen D Rao, Vijay Prakash, Sagar S, Ricky Kej and others.
The Bangalore music scene consists of a far cry of different genres, from international music to traditional folk songs. Janapadhas are the traditional folk songs in the historic culture of Karnataka. The vast number of different people living in Bangalore hailing from different places developed a distinct style of music. Kannada film music is heard playing in auto rickshaws, shops, and the streets. The party and the nightlife scenario experiences a different type of music, mostly popular international numbers varying in genres from Trance, Pop, Indi-pop, and Hip-Hop, Bollywood music is less dominant.
Though Bangalore is a hub for both classical and contemporary music, the dominant music genre in urban Bangalore is rock music. All subgenres of rock, varying from classic rock n' roll to extreme metal can be heard in Bangalore. The underground scenario in Bangalore is often acclaimed, and hence lead to the city being called Rock/Metal capital of India. Rock 'n India, Great Indian Rock, Deccan Rock and Summer Storm Festival are the primitive rock festivals in India. In early 2012, the Bangalore Open Air metal festival (powered by Wacken Open Air festival), to be headlined by Iced Earth and Kreator, and to be held on 16 June was announced. Bangalore was also the first city in India where internationally popular rock groups Metallica, Iron Maiden, The Rolling Stones, Bryan Adams, Scorpions, Sting, Aerosmith, Elton John, Deep Purple among various other heavy metal groups performed live for the first time in India.
List of international musicians who performed or will perform live in Bangalore :
- Scorpions in 2001
- Bryan Adams in 1994, 2001, 2004, 2006 and 2011
- Deep Purple in 2001
- Elton John in 2002
- Roger Waters in 2002
- The Rolling Stones in 2003
- Mark Knopfler in 2005
- Joe Satriani in 2005
- Sting in 2005
- Uriah Heep in 2006
- Jethro Tull in 2006 and 2008
- Iron Maiden in 2007 and 2009
- Aerosmith in 2007
- The Black Eyed Peas in 2007
- Sepultura in 2007
- Megadeth in 2008
- Machine Head in 2008
- Satyricon in 2008
- Amon Amarth in 2009
- Lauren Harris in 2009
- Textures in 2009
- Lamb of God in 2010 and 2012
- Nervecell in 2010
- Lacuna Coil in 2010
- De Profundis in 2010
- Flo Rida in 2010 and 2011
- Meshuggah in 2010
- Purified in Blood in 2010
- Saving Abel in 2010
- Backstreet Boys in 2010
- Richard Marx in 2010
- Prime Circle in 2010
- Jayce Lewis in 2010
- Sean Kingston in 2010
- Akcent in 2010
- Tesseract in 2010
- Enslaved in 2010
- The Prodigy in 2011
- Akon in 2011
- Jay Sean in 2011
- Ludacris in 2011
- Cradle of Filth in 2011
- Metallica in 2011
- Biffy Clyro in 2011
- Poets of the Fall in 2011 and 2012
- Opeth in 2012
- David Guetta in 2012
- Fatboy Slim in 2012
- Suidakra in 2012
- Kreator in 2012
- Korn in 2012
- Slayer in 2012
- Carlos Santana in 2012
- Guns N' Roses in 2012
- Sean Paul in 2012
- Children of Bodom in 2012
- Wolf in 2012
- Behemoth in 2012
- Swedish House Mafia in 2013
- Tiësto in 2013
- Hardwell in 2013
- Avicii in 2012 & 2013
- Above & Beyond in 2010, 2012 & 2013
- Steve Aoki in 2013
Music schools in Bangalore
The recent past has also seen a significant growth in the number of music institutes providing training for vocal and various instruments including guitar, piano, keyboard, veena, sitar, tabla, sitar, organ etc. in Carnatic, Hindustani classical and Western music, especially in Bengalooru city. The Bangalore School of Music in RT Nagar, Eastern Fare Music Foundation in Koramangala, Sumadhura Education and Cultural Trust in Vijaynagara, Shreepada Sangeeta Kala Kendra in Bannerghatta Road and World Music Centre in Malleswaram are some of the institutes who have successfully endorsed Music as a serious business or career option as opposed to its familiar perception as a pastime or hobby. Apart from the formal training, these institutes offer courses that enable learners to appear for many recognized certificate and diploma examinations.
Cricket is the most popular sport in Bangalore though it has lost some of its popularity in a small amount of time to football, basketball and tennis. English football clubs Manchester United, Liverpool F.C. and Arsenal FC have large number of supporters in the city. Bengaluru FC is a football club based in Bangalore and was formed in 2013. The club participates in the I-League.
Significant numbers of India's national cricket team have come from Bangalore, including Gundappa Viswanath, Rahul Dravid, Venkatesh Prasad, Anil Kumble, Erapalli Prasanna, Robin Uthappa, B.S. Chandrashekar, Syed Kirmani, Brijesh Patel, Roger Binny, Sadanand Vishwanath and Vinay Kumar. Many of the city's children play Gully cricket and football on the roads and in the city's many public fields. Bangalore's main international cricket stadium is the M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, which hosted its first match in 1974 and was the venue for the India-Pakistan cricket quarter-final during World Cup 1996.International cricket was played at the Central College grounds before moving to the current venue.
Other famous sports persons from Bangalore include badminton player and former All England Badminton Championship winner Prakash Padukone, tennis player and 10-time Grand Slam winner Mahesh Bhupathi, cueist Pankaj Advani and athlete Ashwini Nachappa.
Bangalore is well known for the quality of education provided by various eminent institutes, every year it attracts aspiring candidate to this City. Few of the well known institutes are the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Indian Institute of Management Bangalore (IIMB), National Institute of Fashion Technology(NIFT ), and National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS).
Social and Night life
Bangalore has an active night culture and is home to over 800 clubs and bars. The city is also referred to by many as the "Pub Capital of India". Popular nightspots in Bangalore include Pecos and TGIF. Bangalore has a number of elite clubs, like the Bangalore Golf Club, Bowring Institute, Century Club, Karnataka Golf Association, the Karnataka State Cricket Club and the Bangalore Club.
Since the recent explosion of software companies in Bangalore, it has seen a rise in the number of western-style Malls, such as Phoenix MarketCity, Orion Mall, The Forum, Bangalore Central and The Garuda. These malls are evolving as the current "hang-outs" for both the young and the old, with trendy stores, restaurants and the latest crop of clubs (such as The Hint, at Bangalore Central). Another change has been the gradual decline of single-screen cinemas and the increase of multiplex theatres, hosted by the same burgeoning malls. The BPO and IT boom has contributed to lot of disposable income among the younger generation.
Eating out is another passion for Bangaloreans. The variety in terms of cuisines, types and themes that Bangalore restaurants offer is diverse and caters to every taste. Bangaloreans enjoy eating out so much that an actual event circling around restaurants called the Bangalore Restaurant Week was held between 12 to 21 November 2010.
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- Bangalore's Changing Urban Culture - A Reflection; Deccan Herald, Spectrum, 1999