Cumberland is an unincorporated village on the Ottawa River in Cumberland Ward, in the city of Ottawa. It was part of the historic Township of Cumberland, and was originally part of Russell County, joining the Region of Ottawa-Carleton in the 1960s. In 1999, the township became the short lived City of Cumberland which amalgamated into the City of Ottawa in 2001. While the community of Cumberland was located in the City of Cumberland, it only made up a small percentage of the population of the city.
The community association's definition for the village has the eastern boundary being Canaan Rd, the southern boundary being French Hill Rd and the western boundary being Cardinal Creek. The total population for this area is about 4,744 (2016 Canada Census).
Cumberland was founded in 1802 when United Empire Loyalists, Abijah and Elizabeth Dunning, their son and daughter-in-law, Zalmon and Debora, and their children settled along the river at Cumberland. Grand-daughter Matilda married Amable Foubert, son of Gabriel Foubert who operated and independent fur trading post where the Lievre River flows into the Ottawa. The early settlement was known first as Foubertville, then as Osborne. In 1864, Postmaster George Gibb Dunning, a grandson of Abijah, changed the name to Cumberland. Due to the commerce from two wharves, several gristmills, sawmills, woolen mills, match factories and seven stores, the village of Cumberland flourished until the late 1890s. In 1907 the Canadian Northern Railroad established an Ottawa-Hawkesbury line that stopped at Cumberland's train station until 1936.
- Memories of Cumberland Township. Ottawa: The Cumberland Township Historical Society. 2006. p. 37. ISBN 0-9687196-6-X.
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