Cumberland County, Illinois

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Cumberland County, Illinois
Cumberland-courthouse.jpg
Map of Illinois highlighting Cumberland County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1843
Named for Cumberland Road
Seat Toledo
Largest city Neoga
Area
 • Total 347 sq mi (899 km2)
 • Land 346 sq mi (896 km2)
 • Water 1.0 sq mi (3 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • (2010) 11,048
 • Density 32/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 15th

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,048.[1] Its county seat is Toledo.[2]

Cumberland County is part of the CharlestonMattoon, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Cumberland County was created on March 2, 1843, from parts of Coles County. It is named for the National Road (Cumberland Road), which was projected to run through it.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 347 square miles (900 km2), of which 346 square miles (900 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.3%) is water.[4]

Climate and weather[edit]

Toledo, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2
 
 
33
17
 
 
2.1
 
 
39
21
 
 
3.1
 
 
50
32
 
 
3.8
 
 
62
42
 
 
4
 
 
73
53
 
 
4.2
 
 
83
63
 
 
4.2
 
 
86
66
 
 
3.3
 
 
84
64
 
 
3.1
 
 
78
56
 
 
3
 
 
66
45
 
 
3.7
 
 
51
33
 
 
2.8
 
 
38
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Toledo have ranged from a low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 (jobs) and a record high of 111 °F (44 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.03 inches (52 mm) in January to 4.21 inches (107 mm) in June.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Cumberland County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,718
1860 8,311 123.5%
1870 12,223 47.1%
1880 13,759 12.6%
1890 15,443 12.2%
1900 16,124 4.4%
1910 14,281 −11.4%
1920 12,858 −10.0%
1930 10,419 −19.0%
1940 11,698 12.3%
1950 10,496 −10.3%
1960 9,936 −5.3%
1970 9,772 −1.7%
1980 11,062 13.2%
1990 10,670 −3.5%
2000 11,253 5.5%
2010 11,048 −1.8%
Est. 2016 10,858 [6] −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,048 people, 4,377 households, and 3,121 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 31.9 inhabitants per square mile (12.3/km2). There were 4,874 housing units at an average density of 14.1 per square mile (5.4/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 98.3% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 30.6% were German, 17.4% were American, 11.7% were Irish, and 11.4% were English.[12]

Of the 4,377 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.7% were non-families, and 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 40.9 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $42,101 and the median income for a family was $51,729. Males had a median income of $42,157 versus $29,142 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,262. About 8.1% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.4% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Cumberland County is divided into eight townships:

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 75.5% 4,206 18.5% 1,031 6.0% 334
2012 66.3% 3,509 31.0% 1,641 2.7% 145
2008 59.1% 3,156 38.5% 2,055 2.4% 128
2004 64.6% 3,497 34.4% 1,862 1.1% 57
2000 59.6% 2,964 37.6% 1,870 2.8% 141
1996 44.8% 2,002 39.7% 1,776 15.5% 691
1992 35.8% 1,860 40.6% 2,111 23.7% 1,231
1988 58.0% 2,667 41.4% 1,904 0.6% 29
1984 63.0% 3,002 36.4% 1,733 0.6% 27
1980 59.7% 3,159 35.8% 1,892 4.5% 238
1976 47.1% 2,518 51.5% 2,752 1.4% 74
1972 60.8% 3,257 38.9% 2,083 0.3% 18
1968 53.1% 2,671 36.4% 1,828 10.5% 529
1964 42.4% 2,251 57.6% 3,056
1960 54.9% 3,020 45.0% 2,475 0.1% 5
1956 58.7% 3,235 41.2% 2,272 0.1% 5
1952 59.9% 3,302 39.9% 2,200 0.2% 12
1948 50.7% 2,451 48.7% 2,353 0.6% 28
1944 52.9% 2,700 46.8% 2,391 0.3% 15
1940 51.6% 3,330 47.9% 3,091 0.5% 30
1936 47.5% 3,016 51.8% 3,290 0.8% 50
1932 40.7% 2,166 58.8% 3,128 0.6% 30
1928 63.0% 3,242 36.4% 1,873 0.5% 28
1924 51.1% 2,698 45.1% 2,384 3.8% 199
1920 58.2% 3,095 40.6% 2,162 1.2% 63
1916 48.2% 2,879 49.6% 2,960 2.3% 134
1912 28.7% 990 48.6% 1,673 22.7% 777
1908 47.7% 1,739 49.6% 1,810 2.7% 100
1904 50.4% 1,857 44.6% 1,644 5.0% 184
1900 47.6% 1,870 50.7% 1,993 1.7% 65
1896 46.5% 1,856 52.6% 2,098 0.9% 36
1892 41.2% 1,470 50.0% 1,785 8.8% 315

Although predominantly Democratic in the years before World War I, in the aftermath of which Woodrow Wilson’s policies towards Germany were locally deplored, Cumberland County has since become powerfully Republican. Even in Franklin D. Roosevelt’s 1932 and 1936 landslides, he won only small victories, and since then only three Democrats have carried the county. Bill Clinton, who won a plurality in 1992, is the last Democrat to reach forty percent of the county’s vote, and in 2016, the rapid Upland South trend towards overwhelmingly Republican voting caused his wife Hilary to win less than twenty percent of the county’s ballots.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 97. 
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Toledo, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Coordinates: 39°16′N 88°14′W / 39.27°N 88.24°W / 39.27; -88.24