Cumberland County, New Jersey
|Cumberland County, New Jersey|
Location in the U.S. state of New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Prince William, Duke of Cumberland|
|Largest city||Vineland (population)
Maurice River Township (area)
|• Total||677.62 sq mi (1,755 km2)|
|• Land||483.70 sq mi (1,253 km2)|
|• Water||193.92 sq mi (502 km2), 28.62%|
155,854 (2015 est.)
|• Density||322/sq mi (124.4/km²)|
Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The county's Census-estimated population was 155,854 in 2015, representing a 0.7% decrease from the 156,898 enumerated at the 2010 United States Census, in turn increasing by 10,460 (+7.1%) from the 146,438 counted in the 2000 Census, retaining its position as the state's 16th-most populous county. Its county seat is Bridgeton. Cumberland County is named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland. The county was formally created from portions of Salem County as of January 19, 1748.
According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 677.62 square miles (1,755.0 km2), including 483.70 square miles (1,252.8 km2) of land (71.4%) and 193.92 square miles (502.3 km2) of water (28.6%).
Cumberland is a low-lying, generally featureless coastal county, with many salt marshes near the Delaware Bay. The highest elevation is at one of 12 areas in Upper Deerfield Township that stand approximately 140 feet (43 m) above sea level; the lowest elevation is sea level.
- Gloucester County, New Jersey – north
- Atlantic County, New Jersey – northeast
- Cape May County, New Jersey – southeast
- Kent County, Delaware – southwest1
- Salem County, New Jersey – northwest
1across Delaware Bay; no land border
|Historical sources: 1790-1990
1970-2010 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 156,898 people, 51,931 households, and 36,559 families residing in the county. The population density was 324.4 per square mile (125.3/km2). There were 55,834 housing units at an average density of 115.4 per square mile (44.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 62.74% (98,430) White, 20.23% (31,741) Black or African American, 1.11% (1,746) Native American, 1.22% (1,907) Asian, 0.04% (59) Pacific Islander, 11.15% (17,492) from other races, and 3.52% (5,523) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 27.06% (42,457) of the population.
There were 51,931 households, of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 18.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 24% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the county, 24% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.5 years. For every 100 females there were 106.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.9 males.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 146,438 people, 49,143 households, and 35,186 families residing in the county. The population density was 299 people per square mile (116/km²). There were 52,863 housing units at an average density of 108 per square mile (42/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.88% White, 20.20% Black or African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 9.08% from other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 19.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among those residents listing their ancestry, 15.6% of residents were of Italian, 12.1% German, 10.7% Irish and 8.4% English ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 49,143 households out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.70% were married couples living together, 17.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 104.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $39,150, and the median income for a family was $45,403. Males had a median income of $35,387 versus $25,393 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,376. About 11.3% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.1% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.
Cumberland County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of seven members. Each Freeholder is assigned responsibility for one of the County's departments. These individuals are elected at large by the citizens of Cumberland County in partisan elections and serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year.
- Freeholder Director Joseph Derella, Jr. (D, Millville, 2015)
- Deputy Freeholder Director Douglas Long (D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2015)
- Darlene R. Barber (D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2016)
- Carman Daddario (R, Upper Deerfield Township, 2017)
- Carol Musso (D, Deerfield Township, 2017)
- James Sauro (R, Vineland, 2017)
Then-Freeholder Director Bill Whelan, whose term was to run to December 2014, announced in July 2013 that he was resigning from office. Later that month, Joe Derella was chosen to replace Whelan as director, while the vacant seat was filled by Vineland resident Carlos Mercado.
Freeholder Louis N. Magazzu, whose term was to expire in 2012, announced his resignation on August 2, 2011, after a series of explicit pictures that he had sent to a woman he had known were leaked to a website and published on the Internet. Magazzu apologized to the public and to his family, and announced his resignation immediately.
Cumberland County is a part of Vicinage 15 of the New Jersey Superior Court (along with Gloucester County and Salem County), seated in Woodbury in Gloucester County; the Assignment Judge for Vicinage 15 is the Honorable Georgia M. Curio. The Cumberland County Courthouse is in Bridgeton.
Federal and state representation
The county is part of the 1st and 3rd Districts in the New Jersey Legislature. For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and R. Bruce Land (D, Vineland). For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township).
The New Jersey Department of Corrections operates three correctional facilities in the county. They are Bayside State Prison, South Woods State Prison, and Southern State Correctional Facility. In 2007, while the state was preparing to close Riverfront State Prison in Camden, it considered establishing a fourth state prison in Cumberland County.
|2012||37.8% 20,658||62.2% 34,055|
|2008||39.0% 22,238||60.0% 34,355|
|2004||45.6% 24,362||52.2% 27,875|
|2000||40.1% 18,882||59.9% 28,188|
Municipalities in Cumberland County (with most 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area) are:
(with map key)
|Commercial Township (13)||township||5,178||2,115||34.44||2.31||32.13||161.2||65.8||Laurel Lake (2,989)
Port Norris (1,377)
|Deerfield Township (9)||township||3,119||1,143||16.80||0.03||16.76||186.1||68.2||Rosenhayn (1,098)|
|Downe Township (12)||township||1,585||996||54.27||5.66||48.61||32.6||20.5|
|Fairfield Township (10)||township||6,295||2,058||43.95||2.69||41.26||152.6||49.9||Fairton (1,064)|
|Greenwich Township (6)||township||804||369||18.83||1.00||17.84||45.1||20.7||Springtown|
|Hopewell Township (7)||township||4,571||1,741||30.83||0.95||29.87||153.0||58.3|
|Lawrence Township (11)||township||3,290||1,221||38.33||1.41||36.92||89.1||33.1||Cedarville (776)|
|Maurice River Township (14)||township||7,976||1,506||95.76||2.65||93.11||85.7||16.2|
|Stow Creek Township (5)||township||1,431||568||18.85||0.55||18.30||78.2||31.0||Garrison Corner
|Upper Deerfield Township (8)||township||7,660||3,025||31.27||0.18||31.10||246.3||97.3||Seabrook Farms (1,484)|
The following public-use airports are located in Cumberland County:
- Bucks Airport (00N) in Bridgeton
- Li Calzi Airport (N50) in Bridgeton
- Millville Municipal Airport (MIV) in Millville
- Kroelinger Airport (29N) in Vineland
Roads and highways
As of 2010[update], the county had a total of 1,271.74 miles (2,046.67 km) of roadways, of which 643.65 miles (1,035.85 km) were maintained by the local municipality, 539.14 miles (867.66 km) by Cumberland County and 88.95 miles (143.15 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Climate and weather
|Bridgeton, New Jersey|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bridgeton have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −13 °F (−25 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 101 °F (38 °C) was recorded in July 1966. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.94 inches (75 mm) in February to 4.30 inches (109 mm) in March.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Cumberland County, New Jersey
- Effie Maud Aldrich Morrison
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- State & County QuickFacts - Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 3, 2016.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 21, 2013.
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- Baehr, Judy. "Cumberland – A County Born of Hope, Optimism", Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2007. "The county was named for William Augustus, the second son of King George II. As the Duke of Cumberland in 1746, he had defeated the Stuart Pretender, Charles Edward (Bonnie Prince Charlie), at the battle of Culloden and established the House of Hanover on the British throne."
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- DP-3 - Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000 from Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
- What is a County Freeholder?, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed April 27, 2015.
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- Staff. "Cumberland County Election Results 2013: Live Updates", South Jersey Times, November 5, 2013. Accessed April 27, 2015.
- Woods, Don E. "Cumberland County clerk releases official election results", South Jersey Times, November 26, 2012. Accessed April 27, 2015. "Democrats Douglas Long and Joseph Derella Jr., for example, still had a comfortable lead in the county freeholder race after the counting."
- Joseph Derella, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed April 27, 2015.
- Douglas Long, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed April 27, 2015.
- Darlene Barber, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed April 27, 2015.
- Carman Daddario, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed April 27, 2015.
- Carol Musso, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed April 27, 2015.
- James Sauro, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed April 27, 2015.
- Thomas Sheppard, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed April 27, 2015.
- Kent, Spencer. "Cumberland County Freeholder Director Bill Whelan resigns, seeking 'balance'", South Jersey Times, July 5, 2013. Accessed September 30, 2013. "Cumberland County Freeholder Director Bill Whelan announced his resignation Friday, effective immediately."
- Kent, Spencer. "Joe Derella named Cumberland County freeholder board's new director", South Jersey Times, July 23, 2013. Accessed September 24, 2013. "Joe Derella was chosen Tuesday night as the new director of the Cumberland County Board of Chosen Freeholders.... Democrat Carlos Mercado of Vineland was then sworn in to temporarily fill the board seat left empty by Whelan’s departure."
- Smith, Joseph P. "Sexting scandal ends S.J. freeholder's career", Courier Post, August 3, 2011. Accessed August 3, 2011. "Louis N. Magazzu resigned from the board of freeholders Tuesday after a decade at the top of Democratic politics. His departure came after an embarrassing sexting scandal made the jump from a private website and local gossip circles into print and television media."
- County Clerk: Celeste M. Riley, Cumberland County Clerk's Office. Accessed April 27, 2015.
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- Legislative Roster 2016-2017 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 17, 2016.
- Jackson, Miles. "IS A NEW PRISON NEEDED?: Facilities offer steady employment in Cumberland Co." Daily Journal. June 23, 2007. A1 News. Accessed September 27, 2011. "The county already is home to South Woods State Prison in Bridgeton, Southern State Correctional Facility in Delmont and Bayside State Prison in Leesburg."
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- GCT-PH1: Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 27, 2015.
- Cumberland County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- "Monthly Averages for Bridgeton, New Jersey". The Weather Channel. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
||Salem County||Gloucester County||Atlantic County|
|Kent County, Delaware|
|Delaware Bay||Cape May County|