Cumberland County, Nova Scotia

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Cumberland County
Flag of Cumberland County
Official seal of Cumberland County
Location of Cumberland County, Nova Scotia
Location of Cumberland County, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°42′N 64°06′W / 45.7°N 64.1°W / 45.7; -64.1Coordinates: 45°42′N 64°06′W / 45.7°N 64.1°W / 45.7; -64.1
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
Towns Amherst / Oxford / Parrsboro
Established August 17, 1759
Incorporated April 17, 1879
Electoral Districts      

Cumberland—Colchester —Musquodoboit Valley
Provincial Cumberland North / Cumberland South
 • Type Cumberland County Municipal Council
 • Warden Allison Gillis[1]
 • MLA Elizabeth Smith-McCrossin (PCNS)
Jamie Baillie (PCNS)
 • MP Bill Casey (LPC)
 • Land 4,277.86 km2 (1,651.69 sq mi)
Population (2016)[2][3]
 • Total 30,005
 • Density 7.0/km2 (18/sq mi)
 • Change 2011-16 Decrease4.3%
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Area code(s) 902
Dwellings 18,445
Median Income* $38,433 CDN
Website www.cumberland
  • Median household income, 2005 (all households)

Cumberland County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.


The name Cumberland was applied by Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Monckton to the captured Fort Beauséjour on June 18, 1755 in honour of the third son of King George II, William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, victor at Culloden in 1746 and Commander in Chief of the British forces. The Mi'kmaq name for the area was "Kwesomalegek" meaning "hardwood point".

Cumberland County was founded on August 17, 1759. When the Township of Parrsboro was divided in 1840, one part was annexed to Cumberland County and the other part annexed to Colchester.

The dividing line between Cumberland and Colchester was established in 1840. In 1897, a portion of the boundary line between the Counties of Colchester and Cumberland was fixed and defined. The county thrived in the 19th century with the development of lumbering, shipbuilding and coal mining. Deforestation and rural outmigration in the 20th century led to the abandonment of some communities such as Eatonville and New Yarmouth.


Cumberland county landscape at Fraserville with Spencers Island in background

The county has a total area of 4,271.23 km2 (1,649.13 sq mi).

Cumberland County is rich in natural resources with extensive forest land supporting lumber mills and pulp contractors. It has many mineral resources, including 2 operating salt mines. Until the 1970s it also had several coal mines which extracted coal from seams that run from Joggins to River Hebert and on to Athol and Springhill.

Agriculture is concentrated on wild blueberry harvesting throughout the Cobequid Hills, as well as mixed farms located in the Tantramar Marshes region, the Northumberland Strait coastal plain, and the Wentworth Valley.

The northwestern edge of Cumberland County forms part of the Isthmus of Chignecto, the natural land bridge connecting the Nova Scotia peninsula to North America. As such, the county hosts several important transportation corridors, including Highway 104 (the Trans-Canada Highway) and CN Rail's Halifax-Montreal railway line.

Two towns are located in Cumberland County: Amherst and Oxford.


As a census division in the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Cumberland County recorded a population of 30,005 living in 13,614 of its 18,445 total private dwellings, a change of −4.3% from its 2011 population of 31,353. With a land area of 4,277.86 km2 (1,651.69 sq mi), it had a population density of 7.0/km2 (18.2/sq mi) in 2016.[4]

Forming the majority of the Cumberland County census division, the Municipality of the County of Cumberland recorded a population of 19,402 living in 8,714 of its 13,103 total private dwellings in the 2016 Census of Population, a change of −5.3% from its 2011 population of 20,485. With a land area of 4,255.04 km2 (1,642.88 sq mi), it had a population density of 4.6/km2 (11.8/sq mi) in 2016.[5]


County municipality and county subdivisions


See also[edit]


External links[edit]