It was one of several terraces and crescents around Regent's Park designed by the British architect John Nash (1752–1835), under the patronage of the Prince Regent (later George IV). The terrace was to stand opposite the Prince's proposed palace in the park and was therefore of particular importance in the scheme. It was named after the Prince Regent's uncle the Duke of Cumberland (King George III's younger brother), later King of Hanover.
The Terrace was built by William Mountford Nurse, with James Thomson serving as resident architect, and was completed in 1826. It consists of three main blocks, linked by decorative arches with typical neoclassical style and grandeur. The central block includes a large sculptural pediment by J. G. Bubb above a long colonnade of Ionic columns. Originally comprising 31 houses which were entirely reconstructed behind the original façade in the 1960s, some have been converted into flats but many houses are still separate family homes.
The first resident, William Mountford Nurse himself, moved into the terrace in 1828; the building was not fully occupied until 1836.
Another early resident was the art collector Henry Vaughan, who lived at no. 28 from 1834 until his death in 1899. He gave The Hay Wain to the National Gallery after enjoying it at home for some twenty years.
- Historic England. "Numbers 1-59 and attached railings (1067386)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
- "Cumberland Terrace". London Gardens Online. London Gardens and Parks Trust. Retrieved 24 September 2015.CS1 maint: others (link)
- "Cumberland Terrace". Dr Who Locations. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
- Lovell, Percy; Marcham, William McB. (1938). "'Cumberland Terrace and Place', in Survey of London: Volume 19, the Parish of St Pancras Part 2: Old St Pancras and Kentish Town". London: British History Online. pp. 116–118. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
- Herrmann, L. (2004, September 23). Vaughan, Henry (1809–1899), art collector. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 31 Mar. 2021, from https://www.oxforddnb.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-28131
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