Cumberland Township, Adams County, Pennsylvania
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Gettysburg National Military Park
Map of Adams County, Pennsylvania highlighting Cumberland Township
Map of Adams County, Pennsylvania
|• Total||33.6 sq mi (87.0 km2)|
|• Land||33.4 sq mi (86.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)|
|• Density||184/sq mi (71.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Cumberland Township is a township in Adams County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 6,162 at the 2010 census. In 1863, the American Civil War Battle of Gettysburg took place mainly in Cumberland Township, which surrounds the borough of Gettysburg on three sides.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 33.6 square miles (87.0 km2), of which 33.4 square miles (86.6 km2) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.5 km2), or 0.53%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,718 people, 2,231 households, and 1,588 families residing in the township. The population density was 171.0 people per square mile (66.0/km²). There were 2,365 housing units at an average density of 70.7/sq mi (27.3/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 93.84% White, 2.54% African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.05% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.15% of the population.
There were 2,231 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.83.
In the township the population was spread out with 20.6% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $48,580, and the median income for a family was $54,890. Males had a median income of $41,250 versus $25,909 for females. The per capita income for the township was $22,782. About 3.7% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.
Cumberland Township is governed by five locally elected Township Supervisors. In 2014, they are: Barbara Underwood, Chairperson; David Waybright, Vice Chairperson; Jim Paddock, Al Ferranto and Steve Toddes. They meet in the Cumberland Township Municipal Building which is located at 1370 Fairfield Road. The meetings are scheduled for the last Tuesday of the month with other special meetings as needed. 
The Township has a planning commission, a sewer authority and its own police department headed by Chief Donald Boehs. The locally elected Real Estate & Per Capita Tax Collector is Donna J. Maring. Both the Barlow Volunteer Fire Department and the Gettysburg Fire Department serve the residents of Cumberland Township and receive financial support from the taxpayers.
Sewage treatment is provided by an independent authority (the Cumberland Township Authority) which provides and bills its customers directly for services. Sanitary sewer collection lines are operated by the Authority.
In 2012, Cumberland Township property owners were subject to the following millage rates: Township - 1.5 mills; Gettysburg Area School District - 10.31 mills and Adams County 3.55 mills. For 2013-14, the school district's millage is 10.3072 mills. The District also levies a 1.2% earned income tax which applies only to wage earners.
- County level
Three, elected at large, Adams County Commissioners. In 2014, they are: Randy Phiel, Chairman; Jim Martin, Vice Chairman; and Marty Karsteter Qually.
- State level
- Dan Moul - State Representative, Pennsylvania House of Representatives, District 91 a portion of Adams County
- Richard Alloway - State Senator, Pennsylvania Senate, District 33 All of Adams County
- Federal level
- Scott Perry, Republican, Pennsylvania's 4th congressional district in 2013 after redistricting.
- Pat Toomey, US Senator
- Bob Casey, Jr., US Senator
Residents of Cumberland Township may attend the local, public schools operated by Gettysburg Area School District which provides full day kindergarten through 12th grade. In 2013, the Gettysburg Area School District's enrollment had declined to 2,997 students in kindergarten through 12th grade. In 2013, the Pittsburgh Business Times ranked Gettysburg Area School District 171st out of 498 public schools for academic achievement of its pupils. In 2012, Gettysburg Area School District achieved Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP), even though the Gettysburg Area High School was in Making Progress: in School Improvement II AYP status , due to lagging student achievement, especially in reading.
High school aged students in Cumberland Township can attend the taxpayer funded Adams County Tech Prep  for training in the building trades, the culinary arts, Diesel Mechanics, allied health including Emergency Medical Technician certification and other areas. The school is located on the Gettysburg Area High School campus at 1130 Old Harrisburg Road. Adams County Tech Prep is funded by a consortium of the school districts, which includes: Gettysburg Area School District, Littlestown Area School District, Fairfield Area School District, Conewago Valley School District and Bermudian Springs School District.
Cumberland Township residents may also choose between two local public charter schools:Vida Charter School and Gettysburg Montessori Charter School. In Pennsylvania, residents may attend public charter schools at no cost to the parents. The tuition is paid by their public school system. By Commonwealth law, if the public school district provides transportation for its own students, then the District must also provide transportation to any school that lies within 10 miles of its borders, as well as, all schools within its borders.
Vida Charter School is a public school located in the Eisenhower Center, 120 East Broadway, Gettysburg. Vida Charter School offers full day kindergarten through 6th grade. In 2013, Vida Charter School achieved a score 81.1 of out of 100 for student achievement.  According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2,181 public schools (less than 73 percent of Pennsylvania public schools), achieved an academic score of 70 or higher. In 2012, Vida Charter School achieved Adequate yearly Progress (AYP).
Children residing in the Cumberland Township of may also apply to attend Gettysburg Montessori Charter School which offers full day Kindergarten through 6th grade. This public charter school operates at 120 E Broadway, Gettysburg. The Gettysburg Montessori Charter School achieved AYP in both 2011 and 2012. In 2013, Gettysburg Montessori Charter School achieved a score of 64 out of 100. The score reflects on grade level: reading, science, writing and mathematics achievement.
Cumberland Township residents may also apply to attend any of the Commonwealth's 14 public cyber charter schools (in 2013) at no additional cost to the parents. The resident’s public school district is required to pay the charter school and cyber charter school tuition for residents who attend these public schools.  Residents may seek admission for their school aged child to any other public school district. When accepted for admission, the student's parents are responsible for paying an annual tuition fee set by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. In 2012, the tuition fees for Gettysburg Area School District were: Elementary School - $9,935.50, High School - $11,168.47.
Lincoln Intermediate Unit #12 provides a wide variety of services to children living in its region which includes Cumberland Township. Early screening, special educations services, speech and hearing therapy, Head Start preschool classes and many other services like driver education are available. Services for children during the preschool years are provided without cost to their families when the child is determined to meet eligibility requirements.
Libraries Community members have access to the Adams County Public Library which is located on 140 Baltimore Street in Gettysburg; the Fairfield Area Library located at 31 Worts Drive in Fairfield; the Adams County Historical Society Library which is located on 111 Seminary Ridge, in Gettysburg; the Adams County Law Library located in the Court House, 117 Baltimore St Rm 305 in Gettysburg and to the statewide PA Power Library  which is an online library funded with tax dollars from the state's education budget.
At Harrisburg Area Community College Gettysburg Campus, Cumberland Township residents have access to college courses at a discounted tuition rate for state residents. Gettysburg Area School District is not a tax funding district of the College. Cumberland Township residents contribute to the community college through state taxation and state funding.
- Cumberland (disambiguation), for other places named "Cumberland"
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Conewago township, Adams County, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Cumberland Township administration (2011). "Cumberland Township Strategic Plan".
- Cumberland Township Supervisors, Cumberland Township website, 2014
- ROCK Commercial Real Estate (October 20, 2012). "Millage rates for Adams County, PA".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (October 4, 2013). "District Fast Facts - Gettysburg Area School District".
- Pittsburgh Business Times (April 5, 2013). "Guide to Pennsylvania Schools Statewide ranking 2013".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Gettysburg Area School District AYP Overview 2012".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "Pupil Transportation -Frequently Asked Questions".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (October 4, 2013). "Vida Charter School Academic Performance Data 2013".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, Vida Charter School AYP Overview 2012, September 21, 2012
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Gettysburg Montessori Charter School AYP Overview 2012".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (October 4, 2013). "Gettysburg Montessori Charter School, Academic Performance Data 2013".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "Charter Schools".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (2013). "What is a Charter School?".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 2012). "Pennsylvania Public School District Tuition Rates".