Cumbum, Andhra Pradesh
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|• Total||8.81 km2 (3.40 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,700/km2 (4,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Cumbum is a census town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Cumbum mandal in Markapur revenue division. It is a taluk in kurnool district. before merging it with other taluks from kurnool , guntur and nellore districts to form prakasam district. Thus originally this town is a part of Rayalaseema.
Cumbum lake also known as Gundlakamma lake built on Gundlakamma rivulet upon Nallamalai hills is one of the oldest man made lakes of Asia. The anicut was built by the Vijayanagar princess Varadharajamma also known as Ruchidevi, wife of SriKrishnaDevaraya, daughter of gajapatis of Orissa. The lake in its present form is about 7 km long and on average, about 3.5 km wide As per the Imperial gazette of India at the turn of the 20th century the height of the dam was 57 feet (17 m) and the drainage area was 430 square miles (1,100 km2). The direct irrigation land was about 10,300 acres (42 km2) in all.It is the second largest irrigational tank of Asia. Cumbum lake is accessible both by the rail Guntur-Nandyal railway line and by road 108 km from Ongole.
There are inscriptions at Cumbum and Bestawaripeta, one of 1706 A.D. and another of 1729 A.D. The first refers to the death of one Khaja Muhammed Sheriff who was the Qiladar of Cumbum fort during the reign of Aurangazeb. The second refers to one Muhammed Sahib,son of Muhammed Khayum of Tab and governor of Cumbum in the reign of Muhammad Shah. It also states that Muhammad Sahib got a mosque constructed at Cumbum during his governorship. All these go to show that this district, like the other districts in the Qutub Shahi Kingdom, passed under the Mughal rule. It formed part of the Golkonda province, one of the six provinces into which the Deccan Suba was sub-divided.
This was a municipality in Cumbum tehsil of Kurnool district and had a regiment and collectorate during 1866 under the british rule.
Cumbum is located at  It has an average elevation of 184 metres (606 ft)..
The town was an assembly constituency until 2009 in Andhra Pradesh. Muthamulu Ashok Reddy won 2014 assembly elections when Cumbum constituency was reorganized and merged in Giddalur constituency.
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.
- "District Census Handbook - Prakasam" (PDF). Census of India. p. 16,17,48. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
- "Prakasam District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 135, 174. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
- [Wikipedia.com/Rayalaseema "Rayalaseema"] Check
- "Cumbum tank a big draw in Prakasam". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-04-10.
- [Wikipedia.com/prakasam "Prakasam"] Check
- "District Census Handbook - Prakasam" (PDF). Census of India. p. 14. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- "Full text of "The Imperial Gazetteer Of India Provincial Series Madras Vol.-i"". archive.org. Retrieved 2017-04-10.
- "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Cumbum, India". fallingrain.com.
- APAssembly results 1978–2004. Election Commission of India.
- "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
- "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 7 November 2016.