Cummins L-series engine
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|Cummins L10 series|
|Also called||L10, L10G, ISL, L Gas Plus, ISL G, ISL9, L9|
|Configuration||Straight-six diesel engine|
|Displacement||10 litres (610.2 cu in)|
|Cylinder bore||125mm (4.921 in|
|Piston stroke||136mm (5.354 in)|
|Cylinder block alloy||Cast iron|
|Cylinder head alloy||Cast iron|
|Oil system||Wet sump|
The Cummins L-series engine is a straight-six diesel engine designed and produced by Cummins. It displaces 10 litres (610.2 cu in), and began production in 1982 as the L10 at the Jamestown Engine Plant in Jamestown, New York. After lengthening its stroke from 136 to 147mm, its displacement was enlarged to 10.8 liter and the engine renamed ISM 11, later M11. The ISL 9 and current L9 engines are not related to the L10 engine, but instead based on the smaller C-series platform with the 135mm stroke of the C8.3 enlarged to 144.5mm, together with 4 valves per cylinder, giving it 8.9 liter displacement.
The L10 displaced 10.0 litres (610.2 cu in), and was available in either a vertical form, for upright use in trucks and buses, or horizontal form, for underfloor use in buses and trains. The L10 was Cummins first competitive offering in the British bus market, as their earlier production had been too large and heavy.  However, it had a troublesome introduction to the British market, with high oil consumption and sealing problems.
By 1994, it had been developed into the M11, and in 1998, Cummins ceased production of the old L-series engine. After the original L10 evolved into the M11 engine, the new ISL9 engine was introduced to operate in this market segment, yet with a better power to weight ratio, by enlarging the piston stroke of the older C8.3 engine. The Cummins L10 also has a sister engine which runs on compressed natural gas (CNG). The engine was introduced in 1992 as the L10G before being replaced by the L Gas Plus in 2001 until it became the ISL G in collaboration with Westport Innovations in 2008, now based on the C-series engine architecture. The ISL engines were manufactured at plants in Rocky Mount, North Carolina and Darlington, England.
In 2016 onwards, the ISL9 was simplified to L9, though physically it shares no resemblance to the old L10 engine: The current L9 engine is a stroked version of the C8.3 engine platform, while the current M11 engine is a stroked version of the original L10 engine platform.
Popular power ratings
- 730 pound force-feet (990 N⋅m) @ 1300 rpm, 250 horsepower (186 kW; 253 PS) electronically governed at 2,200 rpm
- 900 pound force-feet (1,220 N⋅m) @ 1300 rpm, 280 horsepower (209 kW; 284 PS) (209 kW) electronically governed at 2,200 rpm
- 1,100 pound force-feet (1,491 N⋅m) @ 1300 rpm, 330 horsepower (246 kW; 335 PS) (246 kW) electronically governed at 2,200 rpm
- 900 pound force-feet (1,220 N⋅m) @ 1300 rpm, 280 horsepower (209 kW; 284 PS) (209 kW) electronically governed at 2,000 rpm
- 860 pound force-feet (1,166 N⋅m) @ 1300 rpm, 300 horsepower (224 kW; 304 PS) (224 kW) electronically governed at 2,100 rpm
- 1,000 pound force-feet (1,356 N⋅m) @ 1300 rpm, 320 horsepower (239 kW; 324 PS) (239 kW) electronically governed at 2,000 rpm
- Firetruck/motorhome/truck
- 1,050 pound force-feet (1,424 N⋅m) @ 1,300 rpm, 310 horsepower (231 kW; 314 PS) (231 kW) electronically governed at 2,100 rpm
- 1,150 pound force-feet (1,559 N⋅m) @ 1,300 rpm, 330 horsepower (246 kW; 335 PS) (246 kW) electronically governed at 2,100 rpm
- 1,200 pound force-feet (1,627 N⋅m) @ 1,300 rpm, 400 horsepower (298 kW; 406 PS) (298 kW) electronically governed at 2,200 rpm
- Kennett, Pat (June 1986). "The Cummins Beat". TRUCK. London, UK: FF Publishing Ltd: 55–56.