Cunha, São Paulo

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Cunha
The main church in downtown Cunha
The main church in downtown Cunha
Flag of Cunha
Flag
Official seal of Cunha
Seal
Location in the state of São Paulo
Location in the state of São Paulo
Cunha is located in Brazil
Cunha
Cunha
Location in the state of São Paulo
Coordinates: 23°04′26″S 44°57′36″W / 23.07389°S 44.96000°W / -23.07389; -44.96000Coordinates: 23°04′26″S 44°57′36″W / 23.07389°S 44.96000°W / -23.07389; -44.96000
Country Brazil
RegionSoutheast
StateBandeira do estado de São Paulo.svg São Paulo
Founded20 April 1858
Government
 • MayorRolien Guarda Garcia (PSB)
Area
 • Total1,407.25 km2 (543.34 sq mi)
Elevation
950 m (3,120 ft)
Population
(2015)[1]
 • Total22,086
 • Density16/km2 (41/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Cunhense
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2000)0.733 –high[2]
WebsiteCunha City Hall

Cunha is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Vale do Paraíba e Litoral Norte.[3] The population is 22,086 (2015 est.) in an area of 1,407.25 km².[1] The first inhabitants arrived in the beginning of the 18th century. The municipality was founded in 1785, it was elevated to a city in 1858. Since 1975 Cunha has become an important center of stoneware ceramics, with 5 Noborigama wood fired kilns and 16 ceramics studios in all. The city is visited for ceramics, a pleasant climate, natural parks and gastronomy. In recent years tourism to the region has grown, with visitors coming from around the region to enjoy the local state park (Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar), artisan shops such as Aracatu and Oficina da Lã as well as festivals like the annual lamb festival (Festival do Cordeiro). On October 25, 2015, Cunha will host the first edition of the Brazilian portion of the Tour de France cycling competition.

Population history[edit]

Year Population
2001 23,090
2003 22,975
2004 22,889
2015 22,086

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2000 IBGE Census, the population was 23,090, of which 11,134 or 48.22% are urban and 11,936 or (51.69%) are rural. The average life expectancy was 71.69 years. The fertility rate was at 2.41.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-10-03. Retrieved 2009-12-17.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) - UNDP
  3. ^ Assembleia Legislativa do Estado de São Paulo, Lei Complementar Nº 1.166

External links[edit]