|Cupressus arizonica var. glabra (smooth Arizona cypress) foliage|
|Natural range of Cupressus arizonica. Does not show populations in central Arizona.|
Cupressus arizonica, the Arizona cypress, is a North American species of tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae, native to the southwestern United States and Mexico. Populations may be scattered rather than in large, dense stands.
Cupressus arizonica is a coniferous evergreen tree with a conic to ovoid-conic crown. It grows to heights of 10–25 m (33–82 ft), and its trunk diameter reaches 55 cm (22 in). The foliage grows in dense sprays, varying from dull gray-green to bright glaucous blue-green. The leaves are scale-like, 2–5 mm long, and produced on rounded (not flattened) shoots. The seed cones are globose to oblong, 15–33 mm long, with 6 or 8 (rarely 4 or 10) scales, green at first, maturing gray or gray-brown about 20–24 months after pollination. The cones remain closed for many years, only opening after the bearing branch is killed (in a wildfire or otherwise), allowing the seeds to colonize the bare ground exposed by the fire. The male cones are 3–5 mm long, and release pollen in February–March.
- Cupressus arizonica var. arizonica, Arizona Cypress - secure. Southern Arizona, southwest New Mexico, south to Durango and Tamaulipas, Chisos Mountains of west Texas.
- Cupressus arizonica var. glabra, Smooth Arizona cypress - secure. Central Arizona.
- Cupressus arizonica var. montana (C. montana), San Pedro Martir cypress - Vulnerable. Sierra Juárez and San Pedro Mártir pine-oak forests of Northern Baja California.
- Cupressus arizonica var. nevadensis (C. nevadensis), Piute cypress - Least Concern. Southern California (Kern County and Tulare County).
- Cupressus arizonica var. stephensonii, Cuyamaca cypress - Critically endangered. Southern California (San Diego County). Also known as Hesperocyparis stephensonii (Jespon Manual). Most of this population was burnt in the October 2003 Cedar Fire, though (as expected for a fire-climax species) subsequent regeneration has been good.
Cupressus arizonica is found mainly in the southwestern United States (Arizona, Utah, southwestern New Mexico, and southern California, with a few populations in southern Nevada and in the Chisos Mountains of western Texas), and in Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, Chihuahua, Sonora, Durango, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas and northern Baja California). In the wild, the species is often found in small, scattered populations, not necessarily in large forests. An example occurrence is within the Sierra Juárez and San Pedro Mártir pine-oak forests of Mexico, where it is found along with canyon live oak and California fan palm.
Arizona cypress, particularly the strongly glaucous C. arizonica var. glabra, is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree. Unlike Monterey cypress, it has proved highly resistant to cypress canker, caused by the fungus Seiridium cardinale, and growth is reliable where this disease is prevalent.
- "Cupressus arizonica Greene". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew – via The Plant List.
- Eckenwalder, James E. (1993). "Cupressus arizonica". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 2. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
- "Cupressus arizonica". SEINet, Southwestern Biodiversity, Arizona chapter: photos, description, distribution map.
- National Geographic 2001. sfn error: no target: CITEREFNational_Geographic2001 (help)
- "RHS Plant Selector - Cupressus arizonica 'Blue Ice'". Retrieved 15 April 2020.
- "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 26. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- World Wildlife Fund, ed. (2001). "Sierra Juarez and Sierra Pedro Martir Pine-oak Forests". WildWorld Ecoregion Profile. National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on 2010-03-08.
- Conifer Specialist Group (1998). "Cupressus arizonica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 1998. Retrieved 12 May 2006.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)old-form url
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cupressus arizonica.|
- USDA Plants Profile for Hesperocyparis arizonica (Arizona cypress)
- Calflora as Hesperocyparis stephensonii
- Jepson eFlora, The Jepson Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley as Hesperocyparis stephensonii
- Hike Arizona.com: Photos of Arizona Cypress (Cupressus arizonica)
- Cupressus arizonica in the CalPhotos Photo Database, University of California, Berkeley