The concept of Curative petition was evolved by the Supreme Court of India in the matter of Rupa Ashok Hurra vs. Ashok Hurra and Anr. (2002) where the question was whether an aggrieved person is entitled to any relief against the final judgement/order of the Supreme Court, after dismissal of a review petition. The Supreme Court in the said case held that in order to prevent abuse of its process and to cure gross miscarriage of justice, it may reconsider its judgements in exercise of its inherent powers. For this purpose, the court has devised what has been termed as a "curative" petition. In the Curative petition , the petitioner is required to aver specifically that the grounds mentioned therein had been taken in the review petition filed earlier and that it was dismissed by circulation. This has to be certified by a senior advocate. The Curative petition is then circulated to the three senior most judges and the judges who delivered the impugned judgement, if available. No time limit is given for filing Curative petition. It is guaranteed under Article 137 of Constitution of India i.e. powers of the Supreme Court to review of its own judgements and orders.
To entertain the curative petitions, the Supreme Court has laid down specific conditions. Its laid down in order The requirements which are needed in order to accept the curative petitions are:
- The petitioner will have to establish that there was a genuine violation of principles of natural justice and fear of the bias of the judge and judgement that adversely affected him.
- The petition shall state specifically that the grounds mentioned had been taken in the review petition and that it was dismissed by circulation.
- The curative petition must accompany certification by a senior lawyer relating to the fulfillment of the above requirements.
- The petition is to be sent to the three senior most judges and judges of the bench who passed the judgement affecting the petition, if available.
- If the majority of the judges on the above bench agree that the matter needs hearing, then it would be sent to the same bench (as far as possible).
- The court could impose "exemplary costs" to the petitioner if his plea lacks merit.
- "Rupa Ashok Hurra vs Ashok Hurra And Another on 10 April, 2002". www.indiankanoon.org. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
- Anand, Utkarsh (29 July 2015). "Explained- 1993 Mumbai serial blast: What is curative petition?". The Indian Express. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "The curious case of a curative petition".
- "What is curative petition?".
- "Rupa Ashok Hurra vs Ashok Hurra & Anr". Retrieved 7 May 2012.