Curbridge, Oxfordshire

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Curbridge
Curbridge StJohnEvangelist SW.jpg
St John the Baptist parish church
Curbridge is located in Oxfordshire
Curbridge
Curbridge
Location within Oxfordshire
Population529 (2011 Census)
OS grid referenceSP3308
Civil parish
  • Curbridge
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWitney
Postcode districtOX29
Dialling code01993
PoliceThames Valley
FireOxfordshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
WebsiteCurbridge Village Website
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire
51°46′41″N 1°31′23″W / 51.778°N 1.523°W / 51.778; -1.523Coordinates: 51°46′41″N 1°31′23″W / 51.778°N 1.523°W / 51.778; -1.523

Curbridge is a village and civil parish immediately southwest of Witney, in the West Oxfordshire district, in the county of Oxfordshire, England. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 529.[1] Since 2012 it has been part of the Curbridge and Lew joint parish council area, sharing a parish council with the adjacent civil parish of Lew.

Romano-British settlement[edit]

When the Witney Bypass was being built in the 1970s, the remains of a Romano-British settlement were found a short distance northeast of Manor Farm. Foundations were found of rectangular timber-framed buildings, some with limestone rubble foundations.[2]

A cemetery was found, containing 18 burials. There may have been more, but if so they are now beneath the bypass. Most of the bodies lay with their heads pointing east or north. Three of the adults had been beheaded, and were laid with their heads between their legs. This was a burial practice in the late Roman and early Anglo-Saxon eras. It is not known whether beheading was the cause of death or was done posthumously. In a later phase of settlement, a midden covered the cemetery.[2]

Artefacts found included a whetstone made from local limestone, a copper alloy brooch, a copper finger ring, a bronze Roman coin from the reign of the Roman usurper Magnentius (AD 350–353), fragments of Romano-British pottery, and clusters of hobnails showing where leather footwear had rotted away in the ground.[2]

History[edit]

Caswell Farm, 34 mile (1.2 km) southwest of the village, is a moated farmstead that includes remnants of a 15th-century house.[3] It is a Grade II* listed building.[4]

In the mid-1970s the Witney Bypass was built to allow the A40 trunk road to pass south of Witney. It was built through Curbridge parish only 100–200 yards (91–183 m) north of the village. The bypass was made the new civil parish boundary, and that part of the parish north of it was transferred to Witney.

Parish church[edit]

A Church of England chapel was built in Curbridge in 1838 and the Gothic Revival architect CC Rolfe added an apse in 1874.[5] In 1906 the chapel was demolished and replaced with the present Church of England parish church of Saint John the Baptist.[3][6] Its parish is part of the Benefice of Witney, which also includes Hailey.[7]

References[edit]

Curbridge Farm Cottages
  1. ^ "Area: Curbridge (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
  2. ^ a b c Chambers, Harman & Wilson 1976, pp. 38–56.
  3. ^ a b Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 567.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Caswell House, Caswell Farmhouse and attached outbuilding  (Grade II*) (1048993)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  5. ^ Saint 1970, p. 99.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Church of St John the Baptist  (Grade II) (1368232)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  7. ^ Archbishops' Council (2015). "Benefice of Witney". A Church Near You. Church of England. Archived from the original on 5 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015.

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]