St John the Baptist parish church
|Curbridge shown within Oxfordshire|
|Population||529 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||Curbridge Village Website|
When the Witney Bypass was being built in the 1970s, the remains of a Romano-British settlement were found a short distance northeast of Manor Farm. Foundations were found of rectangular timber-framed buildings, some with limestone rubble foundations.
A cemetery was found, containing 18 burials. There may have been more, but if so they are now beneath the bypass. Most of the bodies lay with their heads pointing east or north. Three of the adults had been beheaded, and were laid with their heads between their legs. This was a burial practice in the late Roman and early Anglo-Saxon eras. It is not known whether beheading was the cause of death or was done posthumously. In a later phase of settlement, a midden covered the cemetery.
Artefacts found included a whetstone made from local limestone, a copper alloy brooch, a copper finger ring, a bronze Roman coin from the reign of the Roman usurper Magnentius (AD 350–353), fragments of Romano-British pottery, and clusters of hobnails showing where leather footwear had rotted away in the ground.
In the mid-1970s the Witney Bypass was built to allow the A40 trunk road to pass south of Witney. It was built through Curbridge parish only 100–200 yards (91–183 m) north of the village. The bypass was made the new civil parish boundary, and that part of the parish north of it was transferred to Witney.
A Church of England chapel was built in Curbridge in 1838 and the Gothic Revival architect CC Rolfe added an apse in 1874. In 1906 the chapel was demolished and replaced with the present Church of England parish church of Saint John the Baptist. Its parish is part of the Benefice of Witney, which also includes Hailey.
- "Area: Curbridge (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
- Chambers, Harman & Wilson 1976, pp. 38–56.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 567.
- Historic England. "Caswell House, Caswell Farmhouse and attached outbuilding (Grade II*) (1048993)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
- Saint 1970, p. 99.
- Historic England. "Church of St John the Baptist (Grade II) (1368232)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
- Archbishops' Council (2015). "Benefice of Witney". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
Sources and further reading
- Chambers, R.A.; Harman, Mary; Wilson, Bob (1976). "A Romano-British Settlement at Curbridge" (PDF). Oxonensia. Oxfordshire Architectural and Historical Society. XLI: 38–56. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
- Saint, Andrew (1970). "Three Oxford Architects" (PDF). Oxonensia. Oxford Architectural and Historical Society. XXXV: 53–102. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 567. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
- Townley, Simon C. (ed.); Baggs, A.P.; Chance, Eleanor; Colvin, Christina; Cooper, Janet; Day, C.J.; Selwyn, Nesta; Williamson, Elizabeth; Yates, Margaret (2004). A History of the County of Oxford. Victoria County History. 14: Witney and its Townships: Bampton Hundred (Part Two). Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer for the Institute of Historical Research. pp. 190–225. ISBN 978-1-90435-625-7.
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