Curbridge, Oxfordshire

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Curbridge
Curbridge StJohnEvangelist SW.jpg
St John the Baptist parish church
Curbridge is located in Oxfordshire
Curbridge
Curbridge
Curbridge shown within Oxfordshire
Population 529 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SP3308
Civil parish
  • Curbridge
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Witney
Postcode district OX29
Dialling code 01993
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
Website Curbridge Village Website
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire
51°46′41″N 1°31′23″W / 51.778°N 1.523°W / 51.778; -1.523Coordinates: 51°46′41″N 1°31′23″W / 51.778°N 1.523°W / 51.778; -1.523

Curbridge is a village in the civil parish of Curbridge and Lew, immediately southwest of Witney, Oxfordshire. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 529.[1]

Romano-British settlement[edit]

When the Witney Bypass was being built in the 1970s, the remains of a Romano-British settlement were found a short distance northeast of Manor Farm. Foundations were found of rectangular timber-framed buildings, some with limestone rubble foundations.[2]

A cemetery was found, containing 18 burials. There may have been more, but if so they are now beneath the bypass. Most of the bodies lay with their heads pointing east or north. Three of the adults had been beheaded, and were laid with their heads between their legs. This was a burial practice in the late Roman and early Anglo-Saxon eras. It is not known whether beheading was the cause of death or was done posthumously. In a later phase of settlement, a midden covered the cemetery.[2]

Artefacts found included a whetstone made from local limestone, a copper alloy brooch, a copper finger ring, a bronze Roman coin from the reign of the Roman usurper Magnentius (AD 350–353), fragments of Romano-British pottery, and clusters of hobnails showing where leather footwear had rotted away in the ground.[2]

History[edit]

Caswell Farm, 34 mile (1.2 km) southwest of the village, is a moated farmstead that includes remnants of a 15th-century house.[3] It is a Grade II* listed building.[4]

In the mid-1970s the Witney Bypass was built to allow the A40 trunk road to pass south of Witney. It was built through Curbridge parish only 100–200 yards (91–183 m) north of the village. The bypass was made the new civil parish boundary, and that part of the parish north of it was transferred to Witney.

Parish church[edit]

A Church of England chapel was built in Curbridge in 1838 and the Gothic Revival architect CC Rolfe added an apse in 1874.[5] In 1906 the chapel was demolished and replaced with the present Church of England parish church of Saint John the Baptist.[3][6] Its parish is part of the Benefice of Witney, which also includes Hailey.[7]

References[edit]

Curbridge Farm Cottages

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]