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Curculigo orchioides.jpg
Curculigo orchioides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Hypoxidaceae
Genus: Curculigo
  • Franquevillea Zoll. ex Miq.
  • Heliacme Ravenna

Curculigo is a flowering plant genus in the family Hypoxidaceae, first described in 1788. It is widespread across tropical regions of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas.[1][2]

Curculin is a sweet protein that was discovered and isolated in 1990 from the fruit of Curculigo latifolia,[3] a plant from Malaysia. Like miraculin, curculin exhibits taste-modifying activity; however, unlike miraculin, it also exhibits a sweet taste by itself. After consumption of curculin, water and sour solutions taste sweet. The plant is referred to locally as 'Lembah' or 'Lumbah'; English: 'Weevil-wort'.[4]

  1. Curculigo annamitica Gagnep. – Vietnam
  2. Curculigo breviscapa S.C.Chen – China (Guangxi, Guangdong)
  3. Curculigo conoc Gagnep. – Vietnam
  4. Curculigo disticha Gagnep. – Vietnam
  5. Curculigo ensifolia R.Br. – Australia
  6. Curculigo erecta Lauterb. – Philippines, Sumatra, New Guinea, Solomon Island
  7. Curculigo maharashtrensis M.R.Almeida & S.Yadav – Maharashtra
  8. Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. – China, Japan, Indian Subcontinent, Papuasia, Micronesia
  9. Curculigo janarthanamii R.D. Gore & S.P. Gaikwad – India
  10. Curculigo sabui S.P. Gaikwad & Gore – India
  11. Curculigo pilosa (Schumach. & Thonn.) Engl. – tropical Africa, Madagascar
  12. Curculigo racemosa Ridl. – Borneo
  13. Curculigo savantwadiensis M.R.Almeida & S.Yadav – Maharashtra
  14. Curculigo scorzonerifolia (Lam.) Baker – southern Mexico, Central America, West Indies, northern South America
  15. Curculigo seychellensis Bojer ex Baker – Seychelles
  16. Curculigo sinensis S.C.Chen – China (Yunnan)
  17. Curculigo tonkinensis Gagnep. – Vietnam


  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 271 仙茅属 xian mao shu Curculigo Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 63. 1788.
  3. ^ Yamashita H, Theerasilp S, Aiuchi T, Nakaya K, Nakamura Y, Kurihara Y (September 1990). "Purification and complete amino acid sequence of a new type of sweet protein taste-modifying activity, curculin". J. Biol. Chem. 265 (26): 15770–5. PMID 2394746.
  4. ^ Hean Chooi Ong (2004). Tumbuhan liar: khasiat ubatan & kegunaan lain. Utusan Publications. p. 24. ISBN 9676116300.
  • Curculigo janarthanamii Gore & S.P.Gaikwad, Phytotaxa 357(1): 72 (2018).
  • Curculigo sabui S.P.Gaikwad & Gore, Nordic J. Bot. 37(7)-e02340: 2 (2019)

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