Curculigo orchioides

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Curculigo orchioides
Curculigo orchioides
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Hypoxidaceae
Genus: Curculigo
C. orchioides
Binomial name
Curculigo orchioides
Gaertn., 1788

Curculigo orchioides (commonly called golden eye-grass, xian mao, weevil-wort,[1] कालो मुस्ली (in Nepal) black musli,[2] Kali musli,[3] or Kali Musali[4]) is an endangered flowering plant species in the genus Curculigo. It is native to Nepal, China, Japan, the Indian subcontinent, Papuasia, and Micronesia.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]


C. orchidoides is known as Nilappana (നിലപ്പന) meaning ground palm in Malayalam, କୁଆକେନ୍ଦା in Odiya, ତାଳମୂଳୀ in Bengali-Tallur, and நிலப்பனை in Tamil.

Chemical compounds[edit]

From C. orchidoides, several chemical compounds of the curculigoside class including curculigoside A, B, C and D[14] and curculigine A and D[15] have been isolated.[16]


  1. ^ Hean Chooi Ong (2004). Tumbuhan liar: khasiat ubatan & kegunaan lain. Utusan Publications. p. 24. ISBN 9676116300.
  2. ^ Kerala Agricultural University, Aromatic And Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali, list of publications Archived 2014-01-10 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Francis, S. V.; Senapati, S. K.; Rout, G. R. (2007). "Rapid clonal propagation of Curculigo orchioides Gaertn., an endangered medicinal plant". In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant. 43 (2): 140. doi:10.1007/s11627-007-9041-x. S2CID 40396225.
  4. ^ Saba Irshad; J Singh; S P Jain; S P S Khanuja (2006). "Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. (Kali Musali): An endangered medicinal plant of commercial value". Natural Product Radiance. 5: 369–372.
  5. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  6. ^ Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 272 仙茅 xian mao Curculigo orchioides Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 63. 1788.
  7. ^ Dassanayake (ed.) (2000). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 14: 1-307. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  8. ^ Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  9. ^ Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  10. ^ Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India. Pleione 3: 190-200.
  11. ^ Kalkman, C. & al. (eds.) (1992-1994). Flora Malesiana 11: 1-768. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  12. ^ Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1987). A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae. Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 20: 19-129.
  13. ^ Guillaumin, A. (1948). Flore Analytique et Synoptique de la Nouvelle-Calédonie: 1-369. Office de la recherche scientifique coloniale.
  14. ^ Valls, Josep; Richard, Tristan; Larronde, Fabienne; Leblais, Véronique; Muller, Bernard; Delaunay, Jean-Claude; Monti, Jean-Pierre; Ramawat, K.G.; Mérillon, Jean-Michel (2006). "Two new benzylbenzoate glucosides from Curculigo orchioides". Fitoterapia. 77 (6): 416–9. doi:10.1016/j.fitote.2006.05.013. PMID 16814485.
  15. ^ Jiao, Lei; Cao, Da-Peng; Qin, Lu-Ping; Han, Ting; Zhang, Qiao-Yan; Zhu, Zheng; Yan, Fei (2009). "Antiosteoporotic activity of phenolic compounds from Curculigo orchioides". Phytomedicine. 16 (9): 874–881. doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2009.01.005. PMID 19328665.
  16. ^ Rivière, Céline; Richard, Tristan; Vitrac, Xavier; Mérillon, Jean-Michel; Valls, Josep; Monti, Jean-Pierre (2008). "New polyphenols active on β-amyloid aggregation". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 18 (2): 828–831. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2007.11.028. PMID 18042380.

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