Curie Institute (Paris)

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Institut Curie
Logo Curie.png
Formation1920; 101 years ago (1920)
TypeGovernmental organisation
PurposeFundamental research
Headquarters26 rue d'Ulm 75005 Paris
Official language
French
President
Thierry Philip
Websiteinstitut-curie.org

Coordinates: 48°50′36″N 2°20′39″E / 48.84333°N 2.34417°E / 48.84333; 2.34417

Centre of protontherapy

Institut Curie is one of the leading medical, biological and biophysical research centres in the world.[citation needed] It is a private non-profit foundation operating a research center on biophysics, cell biology and oncology and a hospital specialized in treatment of cancer. It is located in Paris, France.

Research[edit]

The institute now operates several research units in cooperation with national research institutions CNRS and INSERM. There are several hundred research staff at the institute.[1] Institut Curie does not offer undergraduate degrees, but awards PhDs and employs many postdoctoral students alongside its permanent staff. Institut Curie is a constituent college (associate member) of University PSL.[2]

Hospital[edit]

Institut Curie runs the Hôpital Claudius Régaud, a hospital specializing in cancer. The institute also operates the proton therapy center at Orsay, one of the few such facilities in the world.

History[edit]

The Institut du Radium, a giant laboratory for Maria Skłodowska-Curie, was founded in 1909 by the University of Paris and Institut Pasteur. The Institut du Radium had two sections. The Curie laboratory, directed by Maria Skłodowska-Curie, was dedicated to physics and chemistry research. The Pasteur laboratory, directed by Dr. Claudius Regaud, was studying the biological and medical effects of radioactivity. After receiving a joint Nobel Prize with her husband Pierre in 1903, Maria Skłodowska-Curie won a second Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1911. During World War One, Maria Skłodowska-Curie used it to teach nurses about radiology.

Maria Skłodowska-Curie and Claudius Regaud established the Foundation Curie in 1920, a public interest institution. The Foundation's purpose was to fund the Institut du Radium's activities and contribute to the development of its therapeutic component. A first hospital opened in 1922. At the clinic, Dr. Regaud and his team developed innovative treatments combining surgery and radiation therapy to treat cancer. The Curie Foundation became a model for cancer centers around the world. Curie laboratory continued to play an important role in physics and chemistry research. In 1934, Maria Skłodowska-Curie's daughter Irène and her son-in-law Frédéric Joliot-Curie discovered artificial radioactivity. In 1935, it was recognized with a Nobel Prize in Chemistry. The Institut du Radium and the Fondation Curie merged in 1970. It became Institut Curie. The Institut has three missions: research, teaching and treating cancer. The original building of Curies Laboratory from 1914 now houses the Musée Curie.

Nobel Laureates[edit]

Five Nobel prizes are attached to the institute's researchers.

Famous alumni[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Our research teams". Institut Curie. Retrieved 2018-09-03.
  2. ^ "Décret n° 2019-1130 du 5 novembre 2019 portant création de l'Université Paris sciences et lettres (Université PSL) et approbation de ses statuts".