Curlew, Washington

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Curlew, Washington
Curlew is located in Washington (state)
Curlew
Curlew
Curlew is located in the United States
Curlew
Curlew
Coordinates: 48°53′08″N 118°35′58″W / 48.88556°N 118.59944°W / 48.88556; -118.59944Coordinates: 48°53′08″N 118°35′58″W / 48.88556°N 118.59944°W / 48.88556; -118.59944
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyFerry
Area
 • Total0.76 sq mi (1.96 km2)
 • Land0.76 sq mi (1.96 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
1,801 ft (549 m)
Population
 • Total118
 • Density156/sq mi (60.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
99118
Area code(s)509
GNIS feature ID1518417[1]
FIPS code53-16165

Curlew is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located in northwestern Ferry County, Washington, United States, between Malo and Danville on State Route 21. The BNSF Railway ran through the town. The historic Ansorge Hotel is located in Curlew. As of the 2010 census, the population of the community was 118.[2]

Geography[edit]

Curlew is located at the confluence of Long Alec Creek and the Kettle River. Its elevation is 1,800 feet (550 m) above sea level.[3] Via State Route 21, it is 21 miles (34 km) north of Republic, the Ferry County seat, and 10 miles (16 km) south of the Canadian border.

One of the most popular sites on the Kettle River in summer is "the Old Swimming Hole" near the center of town. Curlew was a pick-up point for moonshine that was dropped in the Kettle River. The tradition is still celebrated on the first Sunday in June each year during the Curlew Barrel Derby Days. A barrel is set adrift in the Kettle River at the Job Corps Bridge, and local citizens bet on when it will reach town.[4]

Early community[edit]

In 1896 two traders, Guy S. Helphry and J. Walters, set up a general store at an old ferry crossing near the junction of Curlew Creek and the Kettle River. The site around the store grew into a collection of log buildings and other stores. By 1901, a bridge was built across the Kettle River and the community had grown to a population of 200. The community contained two general stores, two saloons, a hotel, two livery stables, a dry goods store and several other businesses. In 1898, a post office was established and the town was named "Curlew". Miners, railroad workers, natives, and others passed through the region. Nearby mines such as Drummer, Lancaster and Panama grew. Curlew never really expanded beyond those early boom years.[5] In the 1950s, there was nearby Curlew Air Force Station, part of the network of Air Defense Command radar stations. The radar site is gone, but the base, 10 miles (16 km) northwest of Curlew up the Kettle River valley, is in use by Job Corps.

Railroad expansion[edit]

In fall 1901, the Republic and Kettle Valley Railway (operating as the Kettle Valley Lines) (KVL), and Washington and Great Northern Railway (W&GN) (operating as the Spokane Falls and Northern Railway subsidiary of the Great Northern Railway) (GN) were building competing Grand Forks (BC)–Curlew–Republic (WA) lines.[6] About a mile north of Curlew, the KVL grade passed over the GN one. In January 1902, GN construction crews were unsuccessful in pulling down the KVL trestlework that crossed the GN track.[6] Law enforcement officers diffused a series of subsequent confrontations.[7]

KVL, which began the Grand Forks–Curlew–St. Peter's Creek passenger service in March 1902, extended the line to five or six miles north of Republic in April, and held a symbolic last spike ceremony.[8] That July, the GN Marcus (WA)–Grand Forks–Curlew–Republic passenger service began.[8] GN began Curlew–Midway (BC) passenger service in December 1905.[9]

Railroad demise[edit]

In 1919, the KVL became insolvent, and all services are believed to have ceased that year, and the track was subsequently abandoned. In 1935, GN abandoned Curlew–Molson.[10] In 2006, the Kettle Falls International Railway, the GN successor, abandoned the 28.5-mile San Poil–Danville section,[11] ending all railroad service to Curlew.

Notable person[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Curlew, Washington
  2. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Curlew CDP, Washington". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 21, 2016.[dead link]
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "FerryCounty.com Barrel Derby Days". FerryCounty.com. 1998-07-21. Archived from the original on 2009-06-02. Retrieved 2009-02-20.
  5. ^ N.L. Barlee (2004), Gold Creeks and Ghost Towns of Northeastern Washington. Hancock House Publishers., ISBN 0-88839-452-7
  6. ^ a b Turner & Wilkie 2007, p. 57.
  7. ^ Turner & Wilkie 2007, p. 58.
  8. ^ a b Turner & Wilkie 2007, p. 60.
  9. ^ "Hedley Gazette, 7 Dec 1905". www.library.ubc.ca. p. 1.
  10. ^ "Vancouver Sun, 5 Mar 1935". www.newspapers.com. p. 15. The last train was run over the Curlew–Molson branch of the Marcus–Republic line of Great Northern Railway last week, the U.S. Railway Commission having given authority to tear up the tracks some months ago.
  11. ^ Turner & Wilkie 2007, p. 206.

References[edit]

  • Turner, Robert D.; Wilkie, J.S. David (2007). Steam Along the Boundary. Sono Nis Press. ISBN 978 1-55039-158-9.