Curlfin sole

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Curlfin sole
Not evaluated
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Pleuronectiformes
Family: Pleuronectidae
Genus: Pleuronichthys
Species: P. decurrens
Binomial name
Pleuronichthys decurrens
D. S. Jordan & C. H. Gilbert, 1881
Curlfi sole distribution map.png
Distribution of Curlfin sole

The Curlfin sole, Pleuronichthys decurrens, is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae. It is a demersal fish that lives on soft bottoms at depths of between 8 and 530 metres (26 and 1,739 ft). Its native habitat is the subtropical waters of the eastern Pacific, from Prince William Sound, Alaska in the north to San Quintín, Baja California in the south. It can grow up to 37 centimetres (15 in) in length, and reach weights of up to 775 grams (1.709 lb), with females generally being larger than males.[1][2]

Description[edit]

The Curlfin sole is a right-eyed flatfish with large, closely set eyes and a small mouth. The upper surface is reddish brown to dark brown or black, usually with brown or grey mottling; the underside is light. The fins are dark in colour, and the caudal fin is rounded. There is a high, bony ridge between the eyes with a blunt spine at each end.[3]

Diet[edit]

The diet of the Curlfin sole consists mainly of zoobenthos polychaetes, crustacean eggs and brittle stars.[1][2]

Reproduction[edit]

The Curlfin sole spawns from April to August, and eggs hatch within seven days of fertilisation.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Froese, Ranier; Luna, Susan M. (6 April 2010). Pauly, Daniel, ed. "Pleuronichthys decurrens". Fishbase. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  2. ^ a b c "Curlfin Sole". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  3. ^ "Curlfin sole". Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. Archived from the original on 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2010-04-21.