Currency Creek, South Australia
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|Time zone||ACST (UTC+9:30)|
|• Summer (DST)||ACDT (UTC+10:30)|
|Location||8 km (5 mi) N of Goolwa|
|Region||Fleurieu and Kangaroo Island|
Currency Creek (postcode 5214) is a township and locality in South Australia on the western shore of Lake Alexandrina about 6 km north of Goolwa, beside a seasonal stream bearing the same name - Currency Creek - which flows into Lake Alexandrina.
Parts of Lake Alexandrina near to Currency Creek were initially explored by Charles Sturt in an open boat in 1830 but he did not sight the creek.
In December 1837, while exploring the Lake and Murray Mouth looking for other outlets to the sea, explorers Thomas Bewes Strangways, Young Bingham Hutchinson and party discovered the waterway while using a whaleboat borrowed from the Encounter Bay fishery. The whaleboat, which in September 1837 had been sold off the schooner Currency Lass at Adelaide, bore the same name as its mother ship, and they named the creek in honour of this boat. They reported on the good grassland in the area and its potential for agriculture.
The township was surveyed in the Currency Creek Special Survey of 1840 but it never really thrived due to the nearness of Goolwa. During the later 1800s the district supported many market gardens along the fertile river flats. The Currency Creek Cemetery contains many historic gravestones. It is notably large compared to the township for the reason that it has serviced the entire district for well over a century.
Currency Creek lends its name to a wine region that stretches from Port Elliot in the west, to Lake Alexandrina to the east, and includes Hindmarsh Island. The main grape varieties grown are Chardonnay, Sauvignon blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz. Vineyards were first established in the area in 1969, with the region producing its first vintage in 1972.
Currency Creek Arboretum
The Currency Creek Arboretum is named after the nearby geographical feature and town. It is being developed as a specialist eucalypt (Angophora, Eucalyptus and Corymbia) arboretum with its main purpose being research into Australia's most dominant natural group of plants, the eucalypts.
- "Fleurieu Kangaroo Island SA Government region" (PDF). The Government of South Australia. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
- "Currency Creek". State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "Shipping Intelligence". The Sydney Monitor. XII, (1074). New South Wales, Australia. 16 August 1837. p. 2 (EVENING). Retrieved 22 June 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Currency Creek Wine Region (map)" (PDF). Phylloxera and Grape Industry Board of South Australia. 26 July 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
- "About our region". Currency Creek Wine Region Association. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- Thomson, Sophie (17 February 2007). "Fact Sheet: Eucalyptus Arboretum". abc.net.au. Retrieved 2009-10-09.