Currency symbol

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Currency symbol
Punctuation
apostrophe  '
brackets [ ]  ( )  { }  ⟨ ⟩
colon :
comma ,  ،  
dash ‒  –  —  ―
ellipsis  ...      
exclamation mark !
full stop, period .
guillemets ‹ ›  « »
hyphen
hyphen-minus -
question mark ?
quotation marks ‘ ’  “ ”  ' '  " "
semicolon ;
slash, stroke, solidus /    
Word dividers
interpunct ·
space     
General typography
ampersand &
asterisk *
at sign @
backslash \
basis point
bullet
caret ^
dagger † ‡ ⹋
degree °
ditto mark
equals sign =
inverted exclamation mark ¡
inverted question mark ¿
komejirushi, kome, reference mark
multiplication sign ×
number sign, pound, hash #
numero sign
obelus ÷
ordinal indicator º ª
percent, per mil % ‰
pilcrow
plus, minus + −
plus-minus, minus-plus ± ∓
prime    
section sign §
tilde ~
underscore, understrike _
vertical bar, pipe, broken bar |    ¦
Intellectual property
copyright ©
copyleft 🄯
sound-recording copyright
registered trademark ®
service mark
trademark
Currency
currency sign ¤

؋฿¢$֏ƒ£元 圆 圓 ¥

Uncommon typography
asterism
fleuron, hedera
index, fist
interrobang
irony punctuation
lozenge
tie
Related
In other scripts

A currency symbol is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money.

Although many former currency symbols were rendered obsolete by the adoption of the euro, having a new and unique currency symbol – implementation of which requires the adoption of new Unicode and type formats – has now become a status symbol for international currencies. The European Commission considers the global recognition of the euro sign € part of its success. In 2009, India launched a public competition to replace the ₨ ligature it shared with neighbouring countries.[1] It finalised its new currency symbol, () on 15 July 2010. It is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter '' (ra).

Usage[edit]

When writing currency amounts, the location of the symbol varies by currency. Many currencies in the English-speaking world and Latin America place it before the amount (e.g., R$50,00). The Cape Verdean escudo places its symbol in the decimal separator position (i.e., 20$00).[2] In many European countries such as France, Germany, Greece, Scandinavian countries, the symbol is usually placed after the amount (e.g., 20,50 €).

The decimal separator also follows local countries' standards. For instance, the United Kingdom often uses an interpunct as the decimal point on price stickers (e.g., £5·52), although no longer generally does so in print. Commas (e.g. €5,00) or decimal points (e.g. $50.00) are common separators used in other countries. See decimal separator for information on international standards.

Design[edit]

Official dimensions of the euro sign
Dimensions of the symbol in a selection of type faces

Older currency symbols have evolved slowly, often from previous currencies. The dollar and peso symbols originated from the mark employed to denote the Spanish real de a ocho, whereas the pound and lira symbols evolved from an L standing for libra, a Roman pound of silver. Newly invented currencies and currencies adopting new symbols have symbolism closer to their adopter. The added center bar in the real sign is meant to symbolize stability.[3] The new Indian rupee sign, , is a stylized combination of Latin and Devanagari letters.

There are also other considerations, such as the perception of the business community[citation needed] and how the symbol is rendered on computers. For a new symbol to be used, software to render it needs to be promulgated and keyboards need to be altered or shortcuts added to type the icon. The EU was criticized for not considering how the euro symbol would need to be customized to work in different fonts.[1] The original design was also exceptionally wide. These two factors have led to most typefaces employing customized, font-specific versions, usually with reduced width.

List of presently-circulating currency symbols[edit]

Symbol Uses Notes
¤ Generic currency sign Used when the correct symbol is not available
؋ Afghan afghani
Ar Malagasy ariary[4]
฿ Thai baht
B/. Panamanian balboa
Br Ethiopian birr

Belarusian ruble
Bs. Venezuelan bolívar

Bolivian boliviano
Bolívar sometimes Bs.F.
Bs.F. Venezuelan bolívar variant Usually Bs.
GH₵ Ghana cedi
¢ cent, centavo, &c. A centesimal subdivision of currencies such as the US dollar, the Canadian dollar, and the Mexican peso. (See article.)

See also c
c cent &c. variant Preferred by currencies such as the Australian, New Zealand, South African cents; the West African CFA centime; and the divisions of the euro.

See also ¢
Ch. Bhutanese chhertum A centesimal division of the ngultrum.
Costa Rican colón, symbol was also used for the Salvadoran colón. The Salvadoran colón was discontinued in 2001 and it was replaced by the US dollar.
C$ Nicaraguan córdoba
D Gambian dalasi
ден Macedonian denar Latin form: DEN
دج Algerian dinar Latin form: DA
.د.ب Bahraini dinar Latin form: BD
د.ع Iraqi dinar
JD Jordanian dinar
د.ك Kuwaiti dinar Latin form: K.D.
ل.د Libyan dinar Latin form: LD
дин Serbian dinar Latin form: din.
د.ت Tunisian dinar Latin form: DT
د.م. Moroccan dirham Latin forms: DH or Dhs
د.إ United Arab Emirates dirham Latin forms: DH or Dhs
Db São Tomé and Príncipe dobra
$ Australian (A$), Bahamian (B$), Barbadian (Bds$), Belizean (BZ$), Bermudian (BD$), Brunei (B$), Canadian (Can$), Cayman Islands (CI$), East Caribbean (EC$), Fiji (FJ$), Guyanese (G$),[5] Hong Kong (HK$/元/圓), Jamaican (J$), Kiribati, Liberian (L$), Namibian (N$), New Zealand (NZ$), Singaporean (S$), Solomon Islands (SI$), Surinamese (SRD), New Taiwan (NT$/元/圓), Trinidad and Tobago (TT$), Tuvaluan, United States (US$), and Zimbabwean (Z$) dollars

Argentine, Chilean (CLP$), Colombian (COL$), Cuban ($MN), Cuban convertible (CUC$), Dominican (RD$), Mexican (Mex$), and Uruguayan ($U) pesos
May appear with either one or two bars (Double-barred dollar sign.svg), which share the same Unicode space.

Kiribati and Tuvalu's dollars are pegged 1:1 with the Australian dollar.

Brunei's dollar is pegged 1:1 with the Singaporean dollar.


See also C$ and MOP$ and R$ and T$ and WS$

Unicode: See $ for variants.
Vietnamese đồng U+20AB DONG SIGN
Armenian dram sign.svg Armenian dram U+058F ֏ ARMENIAN DRAM SIGN
Esc Cape Verdean escudo Also the double-barred dollar sign (cifrão): Double-barred dollar sign.svg
Euro In addition to the members of the eurozone, the Vatican, San Marino, Monaco and Andorra have been granted issuing rights for coinage but not banknotes.
ƒ Aruban florin (Afl.)[6]

Netherlands Antillean guilder (NAƒ)
Ft Hungarian forint
FBu Burundian franc
FCFA Central African CFA franc Pegged 1:1 with West African CFA franc
CFA West African CFA franc Pegged 1:1 with Central African CFA franc
Fr Comorian (CF), Congolese (CF, FC), Djiboutian (Fdj/DF), Guinean (FG/GFr) and Swiss (SFr) francs Also F. The character ₣, representing an F with a double bar, proposed as a symbol for the French Franc by Édouard Balladur in 1988 was never adopted, it is represented by a ligature Fr in some fonts.
FRw Rwandan franc[7] Possibly also RF[8] and RFr[9]
G Haitian gourde
gr Polish grosz A centesimal division of the złoty
Paraguayan guaraní Or Parag-guarani-G.svg
h Czech haléř A centesimal division of the koruna
Ukrainian hryvnia
Lao kip Or ₭N
Czech koruna
kr Danish krone (DKK)

Norwegian krone (NOK)

Swedish krona (SEK)

Icelandic króna (ISK)

Faroese króna
Faroese króna pegged 1:1 with Danish krone, which is in turn pegged to the Euro through the ERMII.
kn Croatian kuna
Kz Angolan kwanza
K Myanma kyat

Papua New Guinean kina

Malawian kwacha

Zambian kwacha
ლ Georgian lari Unicode: U+20BE LARI SIGN (may display incorrectly)
L Albanian lek

Honduran lempira
Also used as the currency symbol for the Lesotho one-loti and the Swazi one-lilangeni note

Also uncommonly used for the pound sign £
Le Sierra Leonean leone
лв. Bulgarian lev
E Swazi lilangeni Symbol based on the plural form "emalangeni".

The one-lilageni note employs the currency symbol
L
lp Croatian lipa A centesimal division of the kuna.
Turkish lira symbol black.svg Turkish lira Unicode: U+20BA TURKISH LIRA SIGN
M Lesotho loti Symbol based on plural form "maloti".

The one-loti note employs the currency symbol
L
Azeri manat symbol.svg Azerbaijani manat Also m. and man. Unicode: U+20BC MANAT SIGN (may display incorrectly)
KM Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark Cyrillic form: КМ
MT Mozambican metical[10] Also MTn
Mill, mil, &.c An uncommon millesimal subdivision of US dollars and other currencies. (See article.)
Nfk Eritrean nakfa Also Nfa[11]
Nigerian naira
Nu. Bhutanese ngultrum
UM Mauritanian ouguiya[12]
T$ Tongan paʻanga
MOP$ Macanese pataca Alsoand
Philippine peso Also , PHP, and P
pt Egyptian piastre A centesimal division of the Egyptian pound.
£ British, Falkland Islands (FK£), Gibraltar, Manx (M£), Egypt (E£), St. Helena Alsoand L, and all, except EGP, are pegged 1:1 to GBP.

EGP also abbreviated L.E. (short for French livre égyptienne), and, in Arabic, ج.م.

LL Lebanese pound
LS Syrian pound
P Botswana pula
Q Guatemalan quetzal
q Albanian qindarkë A centesimal division of the lek.
R South African rand Also sometimes Russian &c. rubles
R$ Brazilian real The $ is sometimes written with a double bar like a double-barred dollar sign: Double-barred dollar sign.svg
Rialsymbol.svg Iranian rial Unicode: U+FDFC RIAL SIGN
ر.ع. Omani rial
ر.ق Qatari riyal Latin: QR
ر.س Saudi riyal Latin: SR. Also: ریال
ر.ي Yemeni rial
Cambodian riel
RM Malaysian ringgit
p British &c. pennies The penny is now a centesimal division of the pound.
Pridnestrovie ruble sign.svg Pridnestrovie ruble
Russian ruble Unicode: U+20BD RUBLE SIGN
Rf. Maldivian rufiyaa Also MRf., MVR and
Indian rupee Previously ₨ or Re (before 15 July 2010). Unicode: U+20B9 INDIAN RUPEE SIGN
Mauritian,[13] Nepalese[14] (N₨/रू.), Pakistani and Sri Lankan (SLRs/රු) rupees
SRe Seychellois rupee[15] Also SR
Rp Indonesian rupiah
Israeli new shekel
Tsh Tanzanian shilling Also TSh
Ksh Kenyan shilling Also KSh
Sh.So. Somali shilling[16]
USh Ugandan shilling
S/ Peruvian sol
SDR Special drawing rights
Som sign.png, сом Kyrgyzstani som Som sign.png: Early 2017 the National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic approved an underlined C as new currency symbol[17].
Bangladeshi Taka Also Tk
WS$ Samoan tālā Symbol based on previous name "West Samoan tala".

Also
T and ST.

See also $
Kazakhstani tenge symbol.svg Kazakhstani tenge U+20B8 TENGE SIGN (may display incorrectly)
Mongolian tögrög
VT Vanuatu vatu[18]
North Korean won

South Korean won
¥ Japanese yen (円/圓)

Chinese Renminbi yuan (元/圆)
Used with one and two crossbars.
円 (en, lit. "circle") is frequently used in Japan colloquially.
元 is also used in reference to the Macanese pataca and Hong Kong and Taiwanese dollars.
Unicode: U+00A5 ¥ YEN SIGN, U+FFE5 FULLWIDTH YEN SIGN
Polish złoty

Rupee symbols[edit]

Rupee sign in other languages
Language Sign in Unicode
Tamil U+0BF9 TAMIL RUPEE SIGN (HTML ௹)
Gujarati U+0AF1 GUJARATI RUPEE SIGN (HTML ૱)
Kannada U+0CB0 KANNADA LETTER RA (HTML ರ)
Sinhalese U+0DD4 රු SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KETTI PAA-PILLA (HTML ු)
North Indic U+A838 NORTH INDIC RUPEE MARK (HTML ꠸)

List of historic currency symbols[edit]

Symbol Uses
Argentine austral symbol
₢ Cr$ Brazilian cruzeiro symbol
pfennig symbol of the German Mark (1875–1923) and the German Reichsmark (1923–1948)
M East German Deutsche Mark (east) symbol (1948–1964)
DM West German and united German Deutsche Mark (west) symbol (1948–2001)
Nordic mark symbol used by Ludvig Holberg in Denmark and Norway in the 17th and 18th centuries[19]
Greek drachma symbol
ECU symbol (not widely used, and now historical; replaced by the euro)
ƒ Dutch gulden symbol, currently used in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba
Fr franc symbol, used in France and other countries; in France an F with double bar (₣) was proposed in 1988 but never adopted
Kčs Czechoslovak koruna symbol (1919–1993)
lira symbol, formerly used in Italy, San Marino and Vatican City (although not as an official symbol), and sometimes in Malta
Lm Maltese lira symbol
Ls Latvian lats symbol (1922–2013)
Lt Lithuanian litas symbol (1922–2014)
M East German Mark der DDR symbol (1968–1990)
German Mark symbol (1875–1923)
MDN East German Mark der Deutschen Notenbank symbol (1964–1968)
mk Finnish markka symbol (1860–2002)
PF Philippine peso fuerte symbol (1852–1901)
Spanish peseta symbol (1869–2002)
R or RD Swedish riksdaler (1777–1873)
ℛℳ German reichsmark symbol (1923–1948)
Double-barred dollar sign.svg Portuguese escudo symbol (cifrão)
Sk Slovak koruna (1993–2008)
Spesmilo (1907 – First World War) in the Esperanto movement
Livre tournois symbol, used in medieval France
𐆚 As coin used during the Roman Empire and Roman Republic
𐆖 Denarius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD
𐆙 Dupondius coin used during the Roman Empire and Roman Republic
𐆗 Quinarius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD
𐆘 Sestertius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD
£2 10s 3d, £2 10/3, £2 10'3 The United Kingdom and British Commonwealth countries, before decimalisation, used several recognised formats for amounts in pounds, shillings and Pence, all for the same amount. A hyphen or ASCII hyphen-minus was often used to indicate the absence of an amount e.g. 3/- or -/6
I/. Peruvian inti (1985-1991)
Bengali rupee mark[20][21]
Bengali ānā, historically used to represent 1/16th of a taka/rupee[21]
Bengali gaṇḍā, historically used to represent 1/20th of an ānā (1/320th of a taka/rupee)[21]
߾ Dorome sign using the N'Ko alphabet[22]
߿ Taman sign using the N'Ko alphabet[22]
𞲰 Indic Siyaq rupee mark[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Westcott, K. (2009) India seeks rupee status symbol, BBC 10 March 2009, accessed 1 September 2009
  2. ^ (in Portuguese) Banco de Cabo Verde. "Moedas Archived January 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  3. ^ "The real. rs money" (PDF). ECB. p. 3. Retrieved 2011-05-21.
  4. ^ Banky Foiben'i Madagasikara. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  5. ^ Bank of Guyana. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  6. ^ Centrale Bank van Aruba. About Us – A Brief History of the Bank." Accessed 23 Feb 2011.
  7. ^ National Bank of Rwanda. "Legal tender." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  8. ^ University of British Columbia: Saunders School of Business. "Currencies of the World." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  9. ^ Lonely Planet. "Rwanda." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  10. ^ Banco de Moçambique. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  11. ^ Forexforums.com. "Currency symbol finder Archived 2011-02-21 at the Wayback Machine.." Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  12. ^ Banque Centrale de Mauritanie Archived 2010-12-19 at the Wayback Machine.. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  13. ^ Bank of Mauritius Archived 2006-12-28 at the Wayback Machine.. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  14. ^ Nepal Rastra Bank. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  15. ^ Central Bank of Seychelles. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  16. ^ Central Bank of Somalia. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  17. ^ 10 February 2017, Bishkek - 24.kg news agency: KGS gets own currency symbol
  18. ^ The Reserve Bank of Vanuatu. "Current Banknotes and Coins in Circulation." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
  19. ^ Evensen, Nina Marie; Anderson, Deborah (2012-07-24). "L2/12-242: Proposal for one historic currency character, MARK SIGN" (PDF).
  20. ^ "Bengali Code Chart, Range: 0980–09FF" (PDF). The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  21. ^ a b c Pandey, Anshuman (2007-05-21). "L2/07-192: Proposal to Encode the Ganda Currency Mark for Bengali in the BMP of the UCS" (PDF).
  22. ^ a b Everson, Michael (2015-12-19). "L2/15-338: Proposal to encode four N'Ko characters in the BMP of the UCS" (PDF).
  23. ^ Pandey, Anshuman (2015-11-05). "L2/15-121R2: Proposal to Encode Indic Siyaq Numbers" (PDF).