List of current reigning monarchs by length of reign

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This is a list of currently enthroned monarchs sorted by length of service. It includes monarchs who do not reign over entire nations, such as Muhammad V of Kelantan, but does not include former monarchs and pretenders, such as Simeon II of Bulgaria, ex officio monarchs such as Emmanuel Macron who in his capacity as President of France is also Co-Prince of Andorra, monarchs without physical territory such as Giacomo dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto who is the Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, constituent monarchs such as the traditional African rulers, or monarchs whose position is unofficial, such as Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama.

Elizabeth II is the current longest-reigning monarch, having been Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand since 6 February 1952. She is also the monarch of 12 other Commonwealth realms which have become independent states since 1952 and is therefore listed multiple times in the table below.

List[edit]

Rank Name State(s) Born Age Acceded Years reigned
1. Elizabeth II United Kingdom 21 April 1926 92 years, 336 days 6 February 1952 67 years, 45 days
Canada
Australia
New Zealand
2. Jamaica 6 August 1962 56 years, 229 days
3. Barbados 30 November 1966 52 years, 113 days
4. Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 15 July 1946 72 years, 251 days 5 October 1967 51 years, 169 days
5. Qaboos bin Said al Said Oman 18 November 1940 78 years, 125 days 23 July 1970 48 years, 243 days
6. Margrethe II Denmark 16 April 1940 78 years, 341 days 14 January 1972 47 years, 68 days
7. Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III Sharjah (United Arab Emirates) 6 July 1939 79 years, 260 days 25 January 1972 47 years, 57 days
8. Elizabeth II The Bahamas 21 April 1926 92 years, 336 days 10 July 1973 45 years, 256 days
9. Carl XVI Gustaf Sweden 30 April 1946 72 years, 327 days 15 September 1973 45 years, 189 days
10. Elizabeth II Grenada 21 April 1926 92 years, 336 days 7 February 1974 45 years, 44 days
11. Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi Fujairah (United Arab Emirates) 25 September 1948 70 years, 179 days 18 September 1974 44 years, 186 days
12. Elizabeth II Papua New Guinea 21 April 1926 92 years, 336 days 16 September 1975 43 years, 188 days
13. Solomon Islands 7 July 1978 40 years, 259 days
14. Tuvalu 1 October 1978 40 years, 173 days
15. Saint Lucia 22 February 1979 40 years, 29 days
16. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 27 October 1979 39 years, 147 days
17. Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi III Ajman (United Arab Emirates) 1931 88 years, 81 days 6 September 1981 37 years, 198 days
18. Elizabeth II Belize 21 April 1926 92 years, 336 days 21 September 1981 37 years, 183 days
19. Antigua and Barbuda 1 November 1981 37 years, 142 days
20. Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 September 1983 35 years, 185 days
21. Mswati III Eswatini[1] 19 April 1968 50 years, 338 days 25 April 1986 32 years, 332 days
22. Akihito Japan 23 December 1933 85 years, 90 days 7 January 1989 30 years, 75 days
23. Hans-Adam II Liechtenstein 14 February 1945 74 years, 37 days 13 November 1989 29 years, 130 days
24. Harald V Norway 21 February 1937 82 years, 30 days 17 January 1991 28 years, 65 days
25. Letsie III Lesotho 17 July 1963 55 years, 249 days 7 February 1996
(previously reigned 12 November 1990 – 25 January 1995)
27 years, 115 days[2]
26. Mizan Zainal Abidin Terengganu (Malaysia) 22 January 1962 57 years, 60 days 15 May 1998 20 years, 312 days
27. Abdullah II Jordan 30 January 1962 57 years, 52 days 7 February 1999 20 years, 44 days
28. Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Bahrain 28 January 1950 69 years, 54 days 6 March 1999 20 years, 17 days
29. Mohammed VI Morocco 21 August 1963 55 years, 214 days 23 July 1999 19 years, 243 days
30. Sirajuddin Perlis (Malaysia) 17 May 1943 75 years, 310 days 17 April 2000 18 years, 340 days
31. Henri Luxembourg 16 April 1955 63 years, 341 days 7 October 2000 18 years, 167 days
32. Sharafuddin Idris Shah Selangor (Malaysia) 11 December 1945 73 years, 102 days 22 November 2001 17 years, 121 days
33. Norodom Sihamoni Cambodia 14 May 1953 65 years, 313 days 14 October 2004 14 years, 160 days
34. Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 7 September 1948 70 years, 197 days 2 November 2004 14 years, 141 days
35. Albert II Monaco 14 March 1958 61 years, 9 days 6 April 2005 13 years, 351 days
36. Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 15 July 1949 69 years, 251 days 4 January 2006 13 years, 78 days
37. Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Kuwait 16 June 1929 89 years, 280 days 29 January 2006 13 years, 53 days
38. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan 21 February 1980 39 years, 30 days 9 December 2006 12 years, 104 days
39. Muhriz Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia) 14 January 1948 71 years, 68 days 29 December 2008 10 years, 84 days
40. Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla Umm al-Quwain (United Arab Emirates) 1 October 1952 66 years, 173 days 2 January 2009 10 years, 80 days
41. Ibrahim Ismail Johor (Malaysia) 22 November 1958 60 years, 121 days 23 January 2010 9 years, 59 days
42. Muhammad V Kelantan (Malaysia) 6 October 1969 49 years, 168 days 13 September 2010 8 years, 191 days
43. Saud bin Saqr al Qasimi Ras al-Khaimah (United Arab Emirates) 10 February 1956 63 years, 41 days 27 October 2010 8 years, 147 days
44. Tupou VI Tonga 12 July 1959 59 years, 254 days 18 March 2012 7 years, 5 days
45. Francis Vatican City 17 December 1936 82 years, 96 days 13 March 2013 6 years, 10 days
46. Willem-Alexander Netherlands 27 April 1967 51 years, 330 days 30 April 2013 5 years, 327 days
47. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Qatar 3 June 1980 38 years, 293 days 25 June 2013 5 years, 271 days
48. Philippe Belgium 15 April 1960 58 years, 342 days 21 July 2013 5 years, 245 days
49. Nazrin Shah Perak (Malaysia) 27 November 1956 62 years, 116 days 29 May 2014 4 years, 298 days
50. Felipe VI Spain 30 January 1968 51 years, 52 days 19 June 2014 4 years, 277 days
51. Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Saudi Arabia 31 December 1935 83 years, 82 days 23 January 2015 4 years, 59 days
52. Vajiralongkorn (Rama X) Thailand 28 July 1952 66 years, 238 days 13 October 2016 2 years, 161 days
53. Mahmud Sallehuddin Kedah (Malaysia) 30 April 1942 76 years, 327 days 11 September 2017 1 year, 193 days
54. Abdullah Pahang (Malaysia)[3] 30 July 1959 59 years, 236 days 15 January 2019 67 days

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The country was called the Kingdom of Swaziland until 19 April 2018.
  2. ^ Letsie III first reigned from 12 November 1990 to 25 January 1995, was deposed, and then returned to the throne on 7 February 1996. Length of reign calculation includes both tenures.
  3. ^ Abdullah is also the currently-reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, and has reigned for 51 days (31 January 2019).