List of current reigning monarchs by length of reign

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Elizabeth II, the current longest-reigning monarch.

This is a list of currently enthroned monarchs sorted by length of service.

This list includes monarchs who do not reign over entire nations, such as Muhammad V of Kelantan, but does not include former monarchs and pretenders, such as Simeon II of Bulgaria, ex officio monarchs such as Emmanuel Macron who in his capacity as President of France is also Co-Prince of Andorra, monarchs without physical territories such as the Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, constituent monarchs such as the traditional African rulers, or monarchs whose position is unofficial, such as Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama.

Elizabeth II is currently the longest-reigning monarch, having been Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand since 6 February 1952. She is also the monarch of 12 other Commonwealth realms which have become independent states since 1952; she is therefore listed multiple times in the table below.

List[edit]

# Monarch State Born Current age Acceded Years reigned
Reigns as of 00:04, Thursday, October 28, 2021 (UTC)
1 Elizabeth II United Kingdom 21 April 1926 95 years, 190 days 6 February 1952 69 years, 264 days
Canada
Australia
New Zealand
2 Jamaica 6 August 1962 59 years, 83 days
3 Barbados[a] 30 November 1966 54 years, 332 days
4 Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 15 July 1946 75 years, 105 days 5 October 1967 54 years, 23 days
5 Margrethe II Denmark 16 April 1940 81 years, 195 days 14 January 1972 49 years, 287 days
6 Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III Sharjah (United Arab Emirates) 6 July 1939 82 years, 114 days 25 January 1972 49 years, 276 days
7 Elizabeth II The Bahamas 21 April 1926 95 years, 190 days 10 July 1973 48 years, 110 days
8 Carl XVI Gustaf Sweden 30 April 1946 75 years, 181 days 15 September 1973 48 years, 43 days
9 Elizabeth II Grenada 21 April 1926 95 years, 190 days 7 February 1974 47 years, 263 days
10 Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi Fujairah (United Arab Emirates) 22 February 1949 72 years, 248 days 18 September 1974 47 years, 40 days
11 Elizabeth II Papua New Guinea 21 April 1926 95 years, 190 days 16 September 1975 46 years, 42 days
12 Solomon Islands 7 July 1978 43 years, 113 days
13 Tuvalu 1 October 1978 43 years, 27 days
14 Saint Lucia 22 February 1979 42 years, 248 days
15 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 27 October 1979 42 years, 1 day
16 Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi III Ajman (United Arab Emirates) 1 January 1931 90 years, 300 days 6 September 1981 40 years, 52 days
17 Elizabeth II Belize 21 April 1926 95 years, 190 days 21 September 1981 40 years, 37 days
18 Antigua and Barbuda 1 November 1981 39 years, 361 days
19 Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 September 1983 38 years, 39 days
20 Mswati III Eswatini[b] 19 April 1968 53 years, 192 days 25 April 1986 35 years, 186 days
21 Hans-Adam II Liechtenstein 14 February 1945 76 years, 256 days 13 November 1989 31 years, 349 days
22 Harald V Norway 21 February 1937 84 years, 249 days 17 January 1991 30 years, 284 days
23 Letsie III Lesotho 17 July 1963 58 years, 103 days 7 February 1996[c] 29 years, 334 days[d]
24 Mizan Zainal Abidin Terengganu (Malaysia) 22 January 1962 59 years, 279 days 15 May 1998 23 years, 166 days
25 Abdullah II Jordan 30 January 1962 59 years, 271 days 7 February 1999 22 years, 263 days
26 Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Bahrain 28 January 1950 71 years, 273 days 6 March 1999 22 years, 236 days
27 Mohammed VI Morocco 21 August 1963 58 years, 68 days 23 July 1999 22 years, 97 days
28 Syed Sirajuddin Perlis (Malaysia) 17 May 1943 78 years, 164 days 17 April 2000 21 years, 194 days
29 Henri Luxembourg 16 April 1955 66 years, 195 days 7 October 2000 21 years, 21 days
30 Sharafuddin Idris Shah Selangor (Malaysia) 11 December 1945 75 years, 321 days 22 November 2001 19 years, 340 days
31 Norodom Sihamoni Cambodia 14 May 1953 68 years, 167 days 14 October 2004 17 years, 14 days
32 Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 7 September 1948 73 years, 51 days 2 November 2004 16 years, 360 days
33 Albert II Monaco 14 March 1958 63 years, 228 days 6 April 2005 16 years, 205 days
34 Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 15 July 1949 72 years, 105 days 4 January 2006 15 years, 297 days
35 Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan 21 February 1980 41 years, 249 days 9 December 2006 14 years, 323 days
36 Muhriz Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia) 14 January 1948 73 years, 287 days 29 December 2008 12 years, 303 days
37 Saud bin Rashid Al Mualla Umm al-Quwain (United Arab Emirates) 1 October 1952 69 years, 27 days 2 January 2009 12 years, 299 days
38 Ibrahim Ismail Johor (Malaysia) 22 November 1958 62 years, 340 days 23 January 2010 11 years, 278 days
39 Muhammad V Kelantan (Malaysia) 6 October 1969 52 years, 22 days 13 September 2010 11 years, 45 days
40 Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi Ras al-Khaimah (United Arab Emirates) 10 February 1956 65 years, 260 days 27 October 2010 11 years, 1 day
41 Tupou VI Tonga 12 July 1959 62 years, 108 days 18 March 2012 9 years, 224 days
42 Francis Vatican City 17 December 1936 84 years, 315 days 13 March 2013 8 years, 229 days
43 Willem-Alexander Netherlands 27 April 1967 54 years, 184 days 30 April 2013 8 years, 181 days
44 Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Qatar 3 June 1980 41 years, 147 days 25 June 2013 8 years, 125 days
45 Philippe Belgium 15 April 1960 61 years, 196 days 21 July 2013 8 years, 99 days
46 Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah Perak (Malaysia) 27 November 1956 64 years, 335 days 29 May 2014 7 years, 152 days
47 Felipe VI Spain 30 January 1968 53 years, 271 days 19 June 2014 7 years, 131 days
48 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Saudi Arabia 31 December 1935 85 years, 301 days 23 January 2015 6 years, 278 days
49 Vajiralongkorn (Rama X) Thailand 28 July 1952 69 years, 92 days 13 October 2016 5 years, 15 days
50 Mahmud Sallehuddin Kedah (Malaysia) 30 April 1942 79 years, 181 days 11 September 2017 4 years, 47 days
51 Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah Pahang (Malaysia)[e] 30 July 1959 62 years, 90 days 15 January 2019 2 years, 286 days
52 Naruhito Japan 23 February 1960 61 years, 247 days 1 May 2019 2 years, 180 days
53 Haitham bin Tarik Al Said Oman 13 October 1954 67 years, 15 days 11 January 2020 1 year, 290 days
54 Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Kuwait 25 June 1937 84 years, 125 days 29 September 2020 1 year, 29 days
Hassanal Bolkiah, the current longest-reigning male monarch.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Barbados plans to remove Elizabeth II as their head of state and become a republic by 30 November 2021.[1]
  2. ^ The country was called the Kingdom of Swaziland until 19 April 2018.
  3. ^ Previously reigned during 12 November 1990 – 25 January 1995.
  4. ^ Letsie III first reigned from 12 November 1990 to 25 January 1995, was deposed, and then returned to the throne on 7 February 1996. Length of reign calculation includes both tenures.
  5. ^ Abdullah Sultan Ahmad Shah is also the currently-reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, and has reigned for 2 years, 270 days (31 January 2019).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Barbados to become a parliamentary republic by November 30". Loop News Barbados. 27 July 2021. Retrieved 30 July 2021. [...] we will make amendments to facilitate that transition to a new president to be sworn in on that day - November 30, 2021.