Current reigning monarchs by length of reign

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This is a list of currently enthroned monarchs and lifelong leaders sorted by length of service. It includes monarchs who do not reign over entire nations, such as Hamengkubuwono X, but does not include former monarchs and pretenders, such as Michael of Romania, de facto monarchs such as François Hollande who in his capacity as President of France is also Co-Prince of Andorra, constituent monarchs such as the traditional African rulers, or monarchs whose position is unofficial, such as Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama.

List[edit]

Rank Name Nation(s) Born Age Ascended Years reigned
1. Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) Thailand 5 December 1927 88 years, 65 days 9 June 1946 69 years, 244 days
2. Elizabeth II Commonwealth realms[1] 21 April 1926 89 years, 293 days 6 February 1952 64 years, 2 days
3. Abdul Halim Kedah (Malaysia)[2] 28 November 1927 88 years, 72 days 15 July 1958 57 years, 208 days
4. Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 15 July 1946 69 years, 208 days 4 October 1967 48 years, 127 days
5. Qaboos bin Said al Said Oman 18 November 1940 75 years, 82 days 23 July 1970 45 years, 200 days
6. Margrethe II Denmark 16 April 1940 75 years, 298 days 14 January 1972 44 years, 25 days
7. Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III Sharjah (United Arab Emirates) 6 July 1939 76 years, 217 days 25 January 1972 44 years, 14 days
8. Carl XVI Gustaf Sweden 30 April 1946 69 years, 284 days 15 September 1973 42 years, 146 days
9. Ahmad Shah Pahang (Malaysia) 24 October 1930 85 years, 107 days 8 May 1974 41 years, 276 days
10. Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi Fujairah (United Arab Emirates) 25 September 1948 67 years, 136 days 18 September 1974 41 years, 143 days
11. Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi Ajman (United Arab Emirates) 1931 85 years, 38 days 6 September 1981 34 years, 155 days
12. Mswati III Swaziland 19 April 1968 47 years, 295 days 25 April 1986 29 years, 289 days
13. Akihito Japan 23 December 1933 82 years, 47 days 7 January 1989 27 years, 32 days
14. Hamengkubuwono X Yogyakarta (Indonesia) 2 April 1946 69 years, 312 days 7 March 1989 26 years, 338 days
15. Hans-Adam II Liechtenstein 14 February 1945 70 years, 359 days 13 November 1989 26 years, 87 days
16. Harald V Norway 21 February 1937 78 years, 352 days 17 January 1991 25 years, 22 days
17. Letsie III Lesotho 17 July 1963 52 years, 206 days 7 February 1996 20 years, 1 day + 4 years, 74 days[3]
18. Mizan Zainal Abidin Terengganu (Malaysia) 22 January 1962 54 years, 17 days 15 May 1998 17 years, 269 days
19. Abdullah II Jordan 30 January 1962 54 years, 9 days 7 February 1999 17 years, 1 day
20. Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Bahrain 28 January 1950 66 years, 11 days 6 March 1999 16 years, 339 days
21. Mohammed VI Morocco 21 August 1963 52 years, 171 days 23 July 1999 16 years, 200 days
22. Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Perlis (Malaysia) 17 May 1943 72 years, 267 days 17 April 2000 15 years, 297 days
23. Henri Luxembourg 16 April 1955 60 years, 298 days 7 October 2000 15 years, 124 days
24. Sharafuddin Idris Shah Selangor (Malaysia) 11 December 1945 70 years, 59 days 22 November 2001 14 years, 78 days
25. Norodom Sihamoni Cambodia 14 May 1953 62 years, 270 days 14 October 2004 11 years, 117 days
26. Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 25 January 1948 68 years, 14 days 3 November 2004 11 years, 97 days
27. Albert II Monaco 14 March 1958 57 years, 331 days 6 April 2005 10 years, 308 days
28. Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 15 July 1949 66 years, 208 days 4 January 2006 10 years, 35 days
29. Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Kuwait 16 June 1929 86 years, 237 days 29 January 2006 10 years, 10 days
30. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan 21 February 1980 35 years, 352 days 9 December 2006 9 years, 61 days
31. Tunku Muhriz Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia) 14 January 1948 68 years, 25 days 29 December 2008 7 years, 41 days
32. Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla Umm al-Quwain (United Arab Emirates) 1 October 1952 63 years, 130 days 2 January 2009 7 years, 37 days
33. Ibrahim Ismail Johor (Malaysia) 22 November 1958 57 years, 78 days 23 January 2010 6 years, 16 days
34. Muhammad V Kelantan (Malaysia) 6 October 1969 46 years, 125 days 13 September 2010 5 years, 148 days
35. Saud bin Saqr al Qasimi Ras al-Khaimah (United Arab Emirates) 10 February 1956 59 years, 363 days 27 October 2010 5 years, 104 days
36. Tupou VI Tonga 12 July 1959 56 years, 211 days 18 March 2012 3 years, 327 days
37. Francis Vatican City 17 December 1936 79 years, 53 days 13 March 2013 2 years, 332 days
38. Willem-Alexander Netherlands 27 April 1967 48 years, 287 days 30 April 2013 2 years, 284 days
39. Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Qatar 3 June 1980 35 years, 250 days 25 June 2013 2 years, 228 days
40. Philippe Belgium 15 April 1960 55 years, 299 days 21 July 2013 2 years, 202 days
41. Nazrin Shah Perak (Malaysia) 27 November 1956 59 years, 73 days 29 May 2014 1 year, 255 days
42. Felipe VI Spain 30 January 1968 48 years, 9 days 19 June 2014 1 year, 234 days
43. Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Saudi Arabia 31 December 1935 80 years, 39 days 23 January 2015 1 year, 16 days
44. Paku Alam X Pakualaman, Yogyakarta (Indonesia) 15 December 1962 53 years, 55 days 7 January 2016 32 days

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This length of reign applies to the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, because all of the other countries that Elizabeth II reigns over had yet to gain independence at the time she acceded to the throne, however she did reign over them as Queen from her ascension to the British Throne though as Queen of the United Kingdom rather than Queen in right of that state to be. The length of her reign in right of each state, in order of length, is as follows (date of ascension in brackets):
    • Jamaica: 53 years, 186 days (6 August 1962)
    • Barbados: 49 years, 70 days (30 November 1966)
    • The Bahamas: 42 years, 213 days (10 July 1973)
    • Grenada: 42 years, 1 day (7 February 1974)
    • Papua New Guinea: 40 years, 145 days (16 September 1975)
    • Solomon Islands: 37 years, 206 days (7 July 1978)
    • Tuvalu: 37 years, 130 days (1 October 1978)
    • Saint Lucia: 36 years, 351 days (22 February 1979)
    • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: 36 years, 104 days (27 October 1979)
    • Belize: 34 years, 140 days (21 September 1981)
    • Antigua and Barbuda: 34 years, 99 days (1 November 1981)
    • Saint Kitts and Nevis: 32 years, 142 days (19 September 1983)
  2. ^ Abdul Halim is also the currently-reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, and has reigned for 4 years, 57 days (13 December 2011).
  3. ^ Letsie III also reigned from 12 November 1990 to 25 January 1995.