List of current reigning monarchs by length of reign

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This is a list of currently enthroned monarchs sorted by length of service. It includes monarchs who do not reign over entire nations, such as Muhammad V of Kelantan, but does not include former monarchs and pretenders, such as Simeon II of Bulgaria, ex officio monarchs such as Emmanuel Macron who in his capacity as President of France is also Co-Prince of Andorra, monarchs without physical territories such as the Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, constituent monarchs such as the traditional African rulers, or monarchs whose position is unofficial, such as Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama.

Elizabeth II is currently the longest-reigning monarch, having been Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand since 6 February 1952. She is also the monarch of 12 other Commonwealth realms which have become independent states since 1952; she is therefore listed multiple times in the table below.

List[edit]

No. Name State(s) Born Age Acceded Years reigned
1 Elizabeth II United Kingdom 21 April 1926 94 years, 73 days 6 February 1952 68 years, 148 days
Canada
Australia
New Zealand
2 Jamaica 6 August 1962 57 years, 332 days
3 Barbados 30 November 1966 53 years, 216 days
4 Hassanal Bolkiah Brunei 15 July 1946 73 years, 354 days 5 October 1967 52 years, 272 days
5 Margrethe II Denmark 16 April 1940 80 years, 78 days 14 January 1972 48 years, 171 days
6 Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III Sharjah (United Arab Emirates) 6 July 1939 80 years, 363 days 25 January 1972 48 years, 160 days
7 Elizabeth II The Bahamas 21 April 1926 94 years, 73 days 10 July 1973 46 years, 359 days
8 Carl XVI Gustaf Sweden 30 April 1946 74 years, 64 days 15 September 1973 46 years, 292 days
9 Elizabeth II Grenada 21 April 1926 94 years, 73 days 7 February 1974 46 years, 147 days
10 Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi Fujairah (United Arab Emirates) 25 September 1948 71 years, 282 days 18 September 1974 45 years, 289 days
11 Elizabeth II Papua New Guinea 21 April 1926 94 years, 73 days 16 September 1975 44 years, 291 days
12 Solomon Islands 7 July 1978 41 years, 362 days
13 Tuvalu 1 October 1978 41 years, 276 days
14 Saint Lucia 22 February 1979 41 years, 132 days
15 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 27 October 1979 40 years, 250 days
16 Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi III Ajman (United Arab Emirates) 1931 89 years, 184 days 6 September 1981 38 years, 301 days
17 Elizabeth II Belize 21 April 1926 94 years, 73 days 21 September 1981 38 years, 286 days
18 Antigua and Barbuda 1 November 1981 38 years, 245 days
19 Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 September 1983 36 years, 288 days
20 Mswati III Eswatini[a] 19 April 1968 52 years, 75 days 25 April 1986 34 years, 69 days
21 Hamengkubuwono X Yogyakarta (Indonesia) 2 April 1946 74 years, 92 days 7 March 1989 31 years, 118 days
22 Hans-Adam II Liechtenstein 14 February 1945 75 years, 140 days 13 November 1989 30 years, 233 days
23 Harald V Norway 21 February 1937 83 years, 133 days 17 January 1991 29 years, 168 days
24 Letsie III Lesotho 17 July 1963 56 years, 352 days 7 February 1996[b] 28 years, 218 days[c]
25 Mizan Zainal Abidin Terengganu (Malaysia) 22 January 1962 58 years, 163 days 15 May 1998 22 years, 49 days
26 Abdullah II Jordan 30 January 1962 58 years, 155 days 7 February 1999 21 years, 147 days
27 Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Bahrain 28 January 1950 70 years, 157 days 6 March 1999 21 years, 119 days
28 Mohammed VI Morocco 21 August 1963 56 years, 317 days 23 July 1999 20 years, 346 days
29 Syed Sirajuddin Perlis (Malaysia) 17 May 1943 77 years, 47 days 17 April 2000 20 years, 77 days
30 Henri Luxembourg 16 April 1955 65 years, 78 days 7 October 2000 19 years, 270 days
31 Sharafuddin Idris Shah Selangor (Malaysia) 11 December 1945 74 years, 205 days 22 November 2001 18 years, 224 days
32 Norodom Sihamoni Cambodia 14 May 1953 67 years, 50 days 14 October 2004 15 years, 263 days
33 Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) 7 September 1948 71 years, 300 days 2 November 2004 15 years, 244 days
34 Albert II Monaco 14 March 1958 62 years, 111 days 6 April 2005 15 years, 88 days
35 Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Dubai (United Arab Emirates) 15 July 1949 70 years, 354 days 4 January 2006 14 years, 181 days
36 Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Kuwait 16 June 1929 91 years, 17 days 29 January 2006 14 years, 156 days
37 Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan 21 February 1980 40 years, 133 days 9 December 2006 13 years, 207 days
38 Muhriz Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia) 14 January 1948 72 years, 171 days 29 December 2008 11 years, 187 days
39 Saud bin Rashid Al Mu'alla Umm al-Quwain (United Arab Emirates) 1 October 1952 67 years, 276 days 2 January 2009 11 years, 183 days
40 Ibrahim Ismail Johor (Malaysia) 22 November 1958 61 years, 224 days 23 January 2010 10 years, 162 days
41 Muhammad V Kelantan (Malaysia) 6 October 1969 50 years, 271 days 13 September 2010 9 years, 294 days
42 Saud bin Saqr al Qasimi Ras al-Khaimah (United Arab Emirates) 10 February 1956 64 years, 144 days 27 October 2010 9 years, 250 days
43 Tupou VI Tonga 12 July 1959 60 years, 357 days 18 March 2012 8 years, 107 days
44 Francis Vatican City 17 December 1936 83 years, 199 days 13 March 2013 7 years, 112 days
45 Willem-Alexander Netherlands 27 April 1967 53 years, 67 days 30 April 2013 7 years, 64 days
46 Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Qatar 3 June 1980 40 years, 30 days 25 June 2013 7 years, 8 days
47 Philippe Belgium 15 April 1960 60 years, 79 days 21 July 2013 6 years, 348 days
48 Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah Perak (Malaysia) 27 November 1956 63 years, 219 days 29 May 2014 6 years, 35 days
49 Felipe VI Spain 30 January 1968 52 years, 155 days 19 June 2014 6 years, 14 days
50 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Saudi Arabia 31 December 1935 84 years, 185 days 23 January 2015 5 years, 162 days
51 Vajiralongkorn (Rama X) Thailand 28 July 1952 67 years, 341 days 13 October 2016 3 years, 264 days
52 Mahmud Sallehuddin Kedah (Malaysia) 30 April 1942 78 years, 64 days 11 September 2017 2 years, 296 days
53 Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin Pahang (Malaysia)[d] 30 July 1959 60 years, 339 days 15 January 2019 1 year, 170 days
54 Naruhito Japan 23 February 1960 60 years, 131 days 1 May 2019 1 year, 63 days
55 Haitham bin Tariq Al Said Oman 13 October 1954 65 years, 264 days 11 January 2020 174 days
  1. ^ The country was called the Kingdom of Swaziland until 19 April 2018.
  2. ^ Previously reigned 12 November 1990 – 25 January 1995.
  3. ^ Letsie III first reigned from 12 November 1990 to 25 January 1995, was deposed, and then returned to the throne on 7 February 1996. Length of reign calculation includes both tenures.
  4. ^ Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin is also the currently-reigning Yang di-Pertuan Agong, and has reigned for 1 year, 154 days (31 January 2019).

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Notes[edit]