Curry County, Oregon

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Curry County, Oregon
Curry County Courthouse, Gold Beach, Oregon.jpg
Curry County Courthouse in Gold Beach
Map of Oregon highlighting Curry County
Location in the U.S. state of Oregon
Map of the United States highlighting Oregon
Oregon's location in the U.S.
Founded December 18, 1855
Seat Gold Beach
Largest city Brookings
Area
 • Total 1,988 sq mi (5,149 km2)
 • Land 1,627 sq mi (4,214 km2)
 • Water 361 sq mi (935 km2), 18.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 22,483
 • Density 14/sq mi (5.3/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/-7
Website www.co.curry.or.us

Curry County is a county in the U.S. state of Oregon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,364.[1] The county seat is Gold Beach.[2] The county is named for George Law Curry,[3] a governor of the Oregon Territory.

Curry County comprises the Brookings, OR Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,988 square miles (5,150 km2), of which 1,627 square miles (4,210 km2) is land and 361 square miles (930 km2) (18%) is water.[4]

The westernmost point in Oregon is in Curry County at Cape Blanco located at 42°50′08″N 124°33′57″W / 42.835508°N 124.565939°W / 42.835508; -124.565939 (westernmost Cape Blanco).

The county contains significant forests, with occurrence of black oak, big leaf maple and Douglas-fir. The blue oak, prevalent slightly further south does not reach into Curry County.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 393
1870 504 28.2%
1880 1,208 139.7%
1890 1,709 41.5%
1900 1,868 9.3%
1910 2,044 9.4%
1920 3,025 48.0%
1930 3,257 7.7%
1940 4,301 32.1%
1950 6,048 40.6%
1960 13,983 131.2%
1970 13,006 −7.0%
1980 16,992 30.6%
1990 19,327 13.7%
2000 21,137 9.4%
2010 22,364 5.8%
Est. 2015 22,483 [6] 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 21,137 people, 9,543 households, and 6,183 families residing in the county. The population density was 13 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 11,406 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.89% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 2.14% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 1.11% from other races, and 2.90% from two or more races. 3.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.1% were of German, 13.8% English, 10.3% United States or American and 9.9% Irish ancestry. 95.9% spoke English and 2.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 9,543 households out of which 20.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.50% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.20% were non-families. 29.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.66.

In the county, the population was spread out with 19.20% under the age of 18, 4.80% from 18 to 24, 20.00% from 25 to 44, 29.40% from 45 to 64, and 26.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,117, and the median income for a family was $35,627. Males had a median income of $31,772 versus $22,416 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,138. About 9.70% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,364 people, 10,417 households, and 6,347 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 13.7 inhabitants per square mile (5.3/km2). There were 12,613 housing units at an average density of 7.8 per square mile (3.0/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 92.0% white, 1.9% American Indian, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.3% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.4% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 26.3% were German, 16.2% were English, 14.1% were Irish, 6.2% were American, and 5.2% were Swedish.[14]

Of the 10,417 households, 18.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.1% were non-families, and 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.62. The median age was 53.5 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,469 and the median income for a family was $53,340. Males had a median income of $41,667 versus $27,188 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,842. About 9.2% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Economy[edit]

After discovery of gold and other precious metals along the beaches and rivers of Curry County in the mid-19th century, white settlements developed along the coast. Traveling mainly by water or by coast-hugging land routes, residents remained relatively isolated from the rest of Oregon until the 20th century. As mining declined in the region, the economy became more dependent on farming, livestock grazing, forest products such as Port Orford cedar (also known as Lawson's cypress) and myrtlewood, and tourism. Blueberries and nursery plants are among the important farm products, and most of the Easter lilies grown in the United States come from Curry County.[16]

In 2001, the native tanoak in the county were afflicted by sudden oak death, caused by infection of Phytophthora ramorum.[17] The pathogen, which by 2016 had killed hundreds of thousands of tanoaks in the county, thrives in moist places along the coast.[17] It has killed other kinds of oaks such as California black oak in a region that includes many California counties as well as Curry County, and it has infected and damaged a variety of conifers and shrubs such as camellia.[18] In Curry County, it threatens timber production, plant nurseries, and Christmas tree farms.[17]

As of 2012, the Federal government owned 66 percent of the land in Curry County, while 22 percent was owned by private forest interests. About 7 percent was being farmed; the state of Oregon owned 1 percent, and 4 percent was devoted to other uses.[19]

The Port of Brookings Harbor, a shallow-draft harbor at the mouth of the Chetco River, is considered one of the safest harbors on the coast.[20] It is listed as a Harbor of Refuge by the U.S. Coast Guard.[20]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 97. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 
  5. ^ C. Michael Hogan (2008) Blue Oak: Quercus douglasii, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg
  6. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-02-23. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-02-23. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-02-23. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-02-23. 
  16. ^ "Oregon Historic County Records Guide: Curry County". Oregon Secretary of State. Retrieved May 18, 2013. 
  17. ^ a b c Freeman, Mark (November 20, 2016). "Sudden Oak Death Intensifies". Mail Tribune. GateHouse Media. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Sudden Oak Death: Protecting America's Woodlands from Phytophthora ramorum" (PDF). United States Forest Service. 2004. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  19. ^ "Curry County Land Owners" (PDF). Curry County. 2012. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 
  20. ^ a b "Port of Brookings Harbor: General Information". Port of Brookings Harbor. Retrieved January 7, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°28′48″N 124°08′12″W / 42.48000°N 124.13667°W / 42.48000; -124.13667