Curtin House

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Curtin House
Melbourne 2013-Aug 057c.jpg
Former namesTattersall's Club
Tattersalls Building[1]
General information
Architectural styleArt Nouveau
Address248–256 Swanston St
Town or cityMelbourne
CountryAustralia
Coordinates37°48′43.2″S 144°57′54.7″E / 37.812000°S 144.965194°E / -37.812000; 144.965194Coordinates: 37°48′43.2″S 144°57′54.7″E / 37.812000°S 144.965194°E / -37.812000; 144.965194
Opened1922
Cost£50,000[2]
Dimensions
Other dimensionsFrontage of 81 ft 5 in to Swanston St. by a depth of 88 ft on the southern boundary and 66 ft on the north side. It has a rear frontage of 50 ft 8 into Tattersalls Lane.[1]
Technical details
Structural systemStructure of reinforced concrete (as placed by the Steel Form Supply Co P/L)
Floor count6
Floor area21,360 sq. ft.[1]
Lifts/elevatorsSingle lift within open cage encircled by stairs.
Design and construction
ArchitectHarry Norris[3]
Architecture firmHarry Norris
Civil engineerHawkins & Bendixsen

Curtin House is a six-storey Commercial Palazzo style building on Swanston Street in the Melbourne city centre, known in the 2000s as a 'vertical lane', with a range of specialist retailing, dining, and entertainment spaces occupying much of the building.

History[edit]

Curtin House was built in 1922 as the Tattersalls Club, on the site of Nunans's Buildings[4] destroyed by fire on April 13, 1921.[5] The fire claimed one victim, Miss Gertrude K Riley.[6] Morton Parker Pimentel, director of Federation Films on the third floor, was accused of having started the fire deliberately, but the evidence was slight.[7]

The Tattersalls Club building contained shops on the ground floor, bar and dining room and meeting rooms on the next two floors for the Club members, who were from the horse racing world, and offices to let above.[8] It was one of the first major works of architect Harry Norris, who went on to design many important city buildings in the interwar years. The Club either disbanded or merged with another club and left the building in 1937, when their rooms were put up for lease[9] with the bar and other fitting sold off in 1940.[10]

In the late 1930s and early 1940s, the building housed the offices of the Victorian Branch of the Communist Party and its youth wing the League of Young Democrats. As supporters of Stalin, who had made a pact with Hitler, the CPA Australia was anti-war, and so seen as unpatriotic, and their offices and library here were famously raided on 17 June 1940 minutes after the Federal Cabinet decided to ban the party, 'seizing enough literature to fill two vans'.[11] The League of Young Democrats had been spared, but were also raided on 25 February 1941 minutes after it too was declared illegal by Cabinet.[12]

By 1948, the name had been changed to Curtin House, when it was reported as having become the new home of the National Secretariat of Catholic Action, which included a range of Catholic organisations and a bookshop, in the old Club rooms on the first floor.[13] It is presumed that the new name commemorated the wartime Labor Prime Minister John Curtin, who had died in office in 1945. He was a lapsed Catholic, but it is not known exactly why or when the name was changed.

In 1967, it was leased by the Academy of Modern Greek (the Academy), a private Greek language school established by a group of community leaders to address the language, history and culture learning-needs of the school-aged children of the growing Greek community. Spiro Liolios was appointed Principal of the Academy and within a few months, he and his wife, Koula Liolios, took over the ownership of the school. The school flourished under their educational leadership and was the largest Greek school in Melbourne for many years, outgrowing all six floors of Curtin House by 1977; subsequently moving to the Theosophical Society Building, 187 Collins Street, Melbourne, where it continued to operate successfully until the 1990s.

During the 60s and 70s, Spiro Liolios also operated a number of other businesses within the building, such as Golden Guide Publishing, which distributed the free community telephone book and community services guide, the Greek Golden Guide, to the Greek community; as well as the Italian Golden Guide, to the Italian community. He also established (with his accountant, Andrew Petrakis, as partner) and successfully operated a secretarial college, Swanston College, offering typing, shorthand, and office administration certificate and diploma courses. Spiro and Koula Liolios also successfully operated the Academy Interpreting and Translating for many years. All from within the six storeys of Curtin House.

MTransformation[edit]

Through the 1980s and 90s, it was occupied by a range of business and organisations attracted by the cheap rent, such as the Genealogical Society, and eventually used for pop up exhibitions and not quite legal residential space. In 2000 it was bought by group of investors led by Tim Peach.[14] Following some restoration the rejuvenated Curtin House was leased to a range of 'creative spaces' such as the Metropolis Bookstore, Cookie Restaurant occupying the former clubroom floor, the Rooftop Cinema in 2006,[15] and the Toff in Town live music and performance venue in 2007.

Other tenants in 2017 include a family-owned and operated Kung Fu academy,[16] website developers,[17] a rare record store,[18] and an architecture office.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "City building to syndicate for £145,000". The Argus. Melbourne. 31 March 1951. p. 14. Retrieved 29 November 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  2. ^ "TATTERSALL'S CLUB". The Argus. Melbourne. 29 August 1922. p. 9. Retrieved 29 November 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  3. ^ Harry A. Norris established his own architectural practice in 1919. Norris's first significant city building was the seven-storey Tattersall's Club premises (now Curtin House) at 252 Swanston Street in 1922 p. 131. Moreland North of Bell Street, Heritage Study, Volume 2 – Heritage place and precinct citations, Final, April 2011
  4. ^ "Advertising". Oakleigh Leader. North Brighton, Vic. 16 December 1893. p. 1. Retrieved 1 December 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  5. ^ "SWANSTON STREET FIRE". The Argus. Melbourne. 15 April 1921. p. 7. Retrieved 29 November 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  6. ^ "SWANSTON STREET FIRE". The Argus. Melbourne. 16 April 1921. p. 20. Retrieved 29 November 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  7. ^ "NUNAN'S BUILDINGS FIRE". The Argus. Melbourne. 23 July 1921. p. 17. Retrieved 29 November 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  8. ^ "Tattersalls Club". The Referee Sydney 8 Nov 1922. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  9. ^ "Shops etc To Let". The Argus. 3 Dec 1937. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  10. ^ "Tenders". The Argus. 9 Jan 1940. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  11. ^ "100 Police Raid Pemises". The Argus. 17 June 1940. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  12. ^ "Headquarters Raided". The Argus. 25 February 1941. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  13. ^ "New Offices for National Secretariat". The Argus. 29 July 1948.
  14. ^ Raising the Curtin, By Larissa Dubecki, April 4, 2007, The Age
  15. ^ "Rooftop cinema to add more stars to city sky". The Age. 23 September 2006. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  16. ^ Wing Chun Bing Fa Kung Fu Academy
  17. ^ Tundra
  18. ^ Collectors Corner
  19. ^ SIBLING

External links[edit]

Media related to Curtin House at Wikimedia Commons