Cutch Agency

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Cutch Agency
Agency of British India
1819–1924
Location of Cutch Agency
Map of the Cutch Agency area
History
 •  Established 1819
 •  Formation of the Western India States Agency 1924
Area
 •  1901 19,725 km2 (7,616 sq mi)
Population
 •  1901 488,022 
Density 24.7 /km2  (64.1 /sq mi)

The Cutch Agency was one of the agencies of British India. The appointed Political Agent looked after only one territory, that of the princely state of Cutch, which had a surface of 19,725 square kilometres (7,616 sq mi), not including the Rann of Kutch.

The agency's headquarters were at Bhuj,[1] where the Political Agent used to reside. He reported to the Political Department office at Bombay, Bombay Presidency.[2]

History[edit]

The agency was formed in 1819 when Cutch State became a British protectorate.[3]

Captain James MacMurdo was first appointed Political Agent, as Collector and Resident of Cutch. He worked from his office at Anjar[4] while the capital of Cutch State was located away at Bhuj.

The progressive prosperity of Cutch was devastated by the famine of 1899-1900,[3] which was felt everywhere with extreme severity; between 1891 and 1901 the population of the state of Cutch decreased from 558,415 inhabitants in 1891 to 488,022 in 1901, owing to the famine.[5]

On 10 October 1924 the Cutch Agency was abolished and merged into the Western India States Agency.[6][1] [7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Indian Year Book, Volume 11 by Bennett, Coleman & Company, 1924,pp:151-152
  2. ^ Sessional Papers - Volume 31, Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons published by H.M. Stationery Office, 1900 - Page 464
  3. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cutch". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 669–670. 
  4. ^ Gazetteer, Volume 5 By Bombay (India : State). 1880. p. 268. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  5. ^ The Imperial Gazetteer of India, British India Office.
  6. ^ The India Office and Burma Office List by Harrison and sons, Limited, 1922- Page 393
  7. ^ The Indian and Pakistan Year Book , Volume 23. 1936. p. 172. 

Coordinates: 23°54′N 70°22′E / 23.900°N 70.367°E / 23.900; 70.367