Cuthbert Butler OSB (born Edward Butler (1858 – 1934)) was a Benedictine monk of Downside Abbey in England, who gained notice as a Church historian. In 1906 he was elected the abbot of the community. He resigned in 1922 (Benedictine Monachism, Preface to Second Edition).
Butler is known for The Vatican Council, his history of the First Vatican Council based on the correspondence of Bishop William Bernard Ullathorne, OSB, of Birmingham. Gertrude Himmelfarb describes The Vatican Council as designed to support papal infallibility.
He also wrote on mysticism.
- The Lausiac History of Palladius. Texts and Studies: Contributions to Biblical and patristic literature. 6. 1898. LCCN 25012303.
- The Text of St. Benedict's Rule. 1899.
- Benedictine Monachism. 1919. LCCN 20002500.
- Western Mysticism: The Teaching of SS Augustine Gregory and Bernard on Contemplation and the Contemplative Life. 1922. LCCN 23007246. OCLC 3181182.
- The life & times of Bishop Ullathorne, 1806–1889. 1926. LCCN 26014362. OCLC 4231977.
- Religions of Authority and the Religion of the Spirit: with other essays, apologetical and critical. 1930. OCLC 649515.
- The Vatican Council: the story from inside in Bishop Ullathorne's letters. 1930. LCCN 30022961. OCLC 3393424.
- Ways of Christian Life: Old Spirituality for Modern Men. 1932. LCCN 32022686. OCLC 3553103.
- "Downside Abbey". Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
- Butler, Cuthbert; Ullathorne, William B (1930). Butler, Cuthbert, ed. The Vatican Council: the story from inside in Bishop Ullathorne's letters. 2. London, GB; New York, NY: Longmans, Green. LCCN 30022961. OCLC 3393424.
- "Gertrude Himmelfarb 'The Vatican Council'". From Himmelfarb, Gertrude (1952). Lord Acton: A Study in Conscience and Politics. The University of Chicago Press. pp. 95–128.
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