Cuthbert Butler OSB (born Edward Joseph Aloysius Butler, 6 May 1858 – 1 April 1934) was a Benedictine monk of Downside Abbey in England, who gained notice as an ecclesiastical historian. In 1906 he was elected the abbot of the community. He resigned in 1922.
Butler is known for The Vatican Council: The Story from Inside in Bishop Ullathorne's Letters. Described by Michael J. G. Pahls as "[t]he standard [English-language] account of the First Vatican Council", the book is based on the correspondence of Bishop William Bernard Ullathorne of Birmingham. Gertrude Himmelfarb describes The Vatican Council as designed to support papal infallibility.
He also wrote on mysticism.
Edward Joseph Aloysius Butler was born on 6 May 1858 in Dublin, Ireland, to parents Edward and Mary Butler. His father was a professor of mathematics at the founding of the Catholic University of Ireland whose father was a convert to Roman Catholicism. His mother came from a Protestant family and was a sister of the eminent consulting physician Sir Francis Cruise.
Butler was educated at Downside School, an English Benedictine school, from 1869 to 1875. During his time at the school, he was greatly influenced by the Benedictine priest William Petre who, along with the prior, Bernard Murphy, advised him as he discerned his vocation. As his parents did not want him to enter the Benedictine noviciate immediately after finishing at Downside, he spent a brief period at the short-lived Catholic University College in Kensington, London, as well as travelling throughout Europe.
I went to Belmont towards the end of August, 1876, being just past 18. I had no notion whatever, not even the most rudimentary, of the nature of the religious state or the monastic life. I acted on a perfectly blind impulse; I felt a strong call to be a monk, but I had no clear idea of what was meant by being a monk ... I had no great attraction for church services or prayer; I was not drawn by affection for any of the monks; I was not flying from the dangers of the world – I knew nothing of them ... I entered the noviciate, my mind, as has been said, a perfect blank as to the mode of life I was embarking on. I remember shortly after my entrance saying to an old school friend among the juniors that I should not have been surprised at anything I found at Belmont – not even at perpetual abstinence or silence, or midnight office.
- The Lausiac History of Palladius. Texts and Studies: Contributions to Biblical and Patristic Literature. 6. 1898. LCCN 25012303.
- The Text of St. Benedict's Rule. 1899.
- Benedictine Monachism: Studies in Benedictine Life and Rule. London: Longmans, Green and Co. 1919. LCCN 20002500.
- Western Mysticism: The Teaching of SS Augustine Gregory and Bernard on Contemplation and the Contemplative Life. London: Constable & Co. 1922. LCCN 23007246. OCLC 3181182.
- Benedictine Monachism: Studies in Benedictine Life and Rule (2nd ed.). London: Longmans, Green and Co. 1924.
- The Life & Times of Bishop Ullathorne, 1806–1889. London: Burns, Oates, and Washbourne. 1926. LCCN 26014362. OCLC 4231977.
- Religions of Authority and the Religion of the Spirit: With Other Essays, Apologetical and Critical. London: Sheed and Ward. 1930. OCLC 5684267.
- The Vatican Council: The Story from Inside in Bishop Ullathorne's Letters. London: Longmans, Green and Co. 1930. LCCN 30022961. OCLC 3393424.
- Ways of Christian Life: Old Spirituality for Modern Men. London: Sheed and Ward. 1932. LCCN 32022686. OCLC 3553103.
- Knowles 1963, p. 265; Knowles 2003.
- Hudleston 1909, p. 149.
- Bellenger 2000, p. 231.
- Pahls 2009, p. 195.
- Butler 1930.
- Himmelfarb 1952, p. 100.
- Knowles 1963, p. 265.
- Hulsman 2003; Knowles 1963, p. 265.
- Bellenger 2000, p. 230; Knowles 1963, p. 265.
- Knowles 1963, p. 266.
- Knowles 1963, p. 266; Knowles 2003.
- Knowles 1963, pp. 266–267.
- Bellenger, Aidan (2000). "Butler, Cuthbert". In Johnston, William M. Encyclopedia of Monasticism. 1. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. pp. 230–231. ISBN 978-1-57958-090-2.
- Butler, Cuthbert (1930). The Vatican Council: The Story from Inside in Bishop Ullathorne's Letters. London: Longmans, Green and Co. LCCN 30022961. OCLC 3393424.
- Himmelfarb, Gertrude (1952). Lord Acton: A Study in Conscience and Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Hudleston, G. Roger (1909). "Downside Abbey". In Herbermann, Charles G. Catholic Encyclopedia. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company. pp. 149–150.
- Hulsman, John (2003). "About the Author". The Rule of Our Warfare: John Henry Newman and the True Christian Life. By Newman, John Henry. Hulsman, John, ed. New York: Scepter Publishers. p. 195. ISBN 978-1-889334-83-7.
- Knowles, David (1963). "Abbot Butler: A Memoir". The Historian and Character: And Other Essays. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press (published 2008). pp. 264–341. ISBN 978-0-521-08841-1. Retrieved 18 November 2017. Reprint of Knowles, David (1934). "Abbot Butler: A Memoir". The Downside Review. 52 (3): 347–440. doi:10.1177/001258063405200304. ISSN 0012-5806.
- ——— (2003). "Butler, Edward Cuthbert". New Catholic Encyclopedia. 2 (2nd ed.). Detroit, Michigan: Gale. p. 720. Retrieved 18 November 2017 – via Encyclopedia.com.
- Pahls, Michael J. G. (2009). "Development in the Service of Rectification: John Henry Newman's Understanding of the Schola Theologorum". In Parker, Kenneth L.; Pahls, Michael J. G. Authority, Dogma, and History: The Role of the Oxford Movement Converts in the Papal Infallibility Debates. Bethesda, Maryland: Academica Press. pp. 195–211. ISBN 978-1-933146-44-7.
- Knowles, David (1934). "Abbot Butler: A Bibliography". The Downside Review. 52 (3): 466–472. doi:10.1177/001258063405200306. ISSN 0012-5806.
- ——— (1963). "The Works and Thought of Abbot Butler". The Historian and Character: And Other Essays. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press (published 2008). pp. 341–362. ISBN 978-0-521-08841-1. Retrieved 18 November 2017. Reprint of Knowles, David (1934). "The Works and Thought of Abbot Butler". The Downside Review. 52 (3): 441–465. doi:10.1177/001258063405200305. ISSN 0012-5806.
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