|Song by R.E.M. from the album Life's Rich Pageant|
|Released||July 28, 1986|
|Writer||Berry Buck Mills Stipe|
|Life's Rich Pageant track listing|
"Cuyahoga" is a song by R.E.M. from their 1986 album Lifes Rich Pageant. It was written primarily by R.E.M. bassist Mike Mills and drummer Bill Berry. It is one of R.E.M.'s earliest environmentally conscious songs, along with the lead single from the album "Fall on Me."
The themes of Cuyahoga include the pollution of the Cuyahoga River in Ohio and the treatment of American Indians earlier in American history. Despite the grim themes, according to R.E.M. biographer David Buckley, the lyrics are "words of optimism, partnership and community, set against an age of individualism." R.E.M. guitarist Peter Buck said of the song that the song "is a metaphor for America and its lost promises. This is where the Indians were and now look at it. It's one of the ugliest fucking rivers in the world." The song opens with the lines "Let's put our heads together and start a new country up," which R.E.M. biographer Tony Fletcher describes as sounding like a "call to arms." On the other hand, music writer Craig Rosen feels that the line adds to the song's optimism.
Another line in the song states that "we'll burn the river down." This line comes from the fact that as early as the 1910s the river was so polluted that one method of cleaning the river was to throw a torch in it and thus burn the pollutants. The river also actually caught fire in 1969, an event which helped raise awareness of water pollution. This was another inspiration for the song, and for other songs such as Randy Newman's "Burn On." Newman biographer Kevin Courrier believes that "Burn On" was an influence on "Cuyahoga."
Musician Ken Stringfellow described "Cuyahoga" as being "an anthem, but it's not self-congratulatory. It's about what's gone wrong with our country. It was an anti-anthem in that way. It took on an issue, but it was still unifying and powerful. That's a hard thing to do well." Slant critic Jonathan Keefe noted that even 25 years after the song's initial release its "optimism...is still inspiring and relevant." He goes on to note that the song's message "reflects an intelligent and decidedly nonpartisan approach to political reconstruction without resorting to...didacticism." Pitchfork Media critic Stephen M. Deusner states that "With its rousing chorus and pensive bass line, 'Cuyahoga' mails postcard dispatches from a museum where rivers and plains are artifacts, consigned to diorama and memory rather than reality." According to music author Martin Charles Strong, "Cuyahoga" (and "Fall on Me") showed the band developing "an assured poise." Fletcher described "Cuyahoga" as the "lyrical peak" of Life's Rich Pageant. It is one of Mills' favorite songs and one he particularly enjoys playing live.
"Cuyahoga"has appeared on several R.E.M. compilation albums, including The Best of R.E.M. in 1991 and And I Feel Fine... The Best of the I.R.S. Years 1982–1987 in 2006. It was also included on the live albums R.E.M. Live, Unplugged: The Complete 1991 and 2001 Sessions and Live at the Olympia.
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- Feinstein, S. (2010). Conserving and Protecting Water: What You Can Do. Enslow Publishing. pp. 86–87. ISBN 9780766033467.
- Courrier, K. (2005). Randy Newman's American Dreams. p. 135. ISBN 9781550226904.
- Keefe, J. "R.E.M. Life’s Rich Pageant: 25th Anniversary Edition". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 2015-06-14.
- Deusner, S.M. "R.E.M.: Life's Rich Pageant (25th Anniversary Edition)". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 2015-06-14.
- Strong, M.C. (2006). The Essential Rock Discography. Canongate. p. 913. ISBN 9781841958606.
- "Cuyahoga". Allmusic. Retrieved 2015-06-14.