Location of Cuyuna
within Crow Wing County, Minnesota
|• Total||3.53 sq mi (9.14 km2)|
|• Land||3.28 sq mi (8.50 km2)|
|• Water||0.25 sq mi (0.65 km2)|
|Elevation||1,253 ft (382 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||94/sq mi (36/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0642570|
The city lies within its namesake, the Cuyuna iron range, a line of iron-bearing hills in central Minnesota. Cuyuna was one of the mining towns along the range, part of a list including Crosby, Ironton, Trommald, and Manganese. The Cuyuna iron range saw its heyday in the first half of the 20th century, and mining on the range ceased in 1984. The local economy is now dependent upon tourism from mountain bikers. Cuyuna has been declared to have the best trail systems in Minnesota as of 2014. The Cuyuna Country State Recreation Area now encompasses some of the range.
Cuyuna was incorporated in 1910. Cuyuna, and the iron ore range on which it is situated, were named by and for Cuyler Adams, and for his dog, Una, who accompanied him in many lone prospecting trips. Cuyler Adams was a prospector, discoverer, and then mine owner of the Cuyuna range. Cuyler Adams affirmed the discovery of workable ore deposits nearby, and credited jointly to himself and the valuable aid of Una.
The Rabbit Lake Band of Mississippi Chippewa historically lived in the Cuyuna area. Under the authority of the 1855 Treaty of Washington (10 Stat. 1165), the Rabbit Lake Indian Reservation was established, encompassing an area from where Riverton to Cuyuna are located. After the Dakota War of 1862, majority of the Rabbit Lake Band were removed to the area about Leech Lake and eventually to the White Earth Indian Reservation, and minority of the remaining Rabbit Lake Band members amalgamating with the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe to their south. After they were removed there was little settlement in the area until the beginning of a mining village named Cuyuna in 1906. Cuyuna was platted in November 1908.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.53 square miles (9.14 km2), of which 3.28 square miles (8.50 km2) is land and 0.25 square miles (0.65 km2) is water. County Road 31 serves as a main route in the community.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 332 people, 126 households, and 88 families residing in the city. The population density was 101.2 inhabitants per square mile (39.1/km2). There were 162 housing units at an average density of 49.4 per square mile (19.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.6% White, 1.5% African American, 0.3% Asian, and 0.6% from two or more races.
There were 126 households of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.2% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.22.
The median age in the city was 39.5 years. 30.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.1% were from 25 to 44; 27.9% were from 45 to 64; and 14.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 54.5% male and 45.5% female.
At the 2000 census, there were 231 people, 90 households and 64 families residing in the city. The population density was 70.6 per square mile (27.3/km²). There were 113 housing units at an average density of 34.5 per square mile (13.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.70% White, 0.87% African American, and 0.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population. 33.3% were of German, 11.8% American, 8.7% Swedish, 7.7% Norwegian, 7.2% Irish and 6.7% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 90 households of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.1% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.95.
26.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.6 males.
The median household income was $44,107 and the median family income was $48,750. Males had a median income of $38,000 versus $29,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,838. About 7.6% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under the age of eighteen and 18.4% of those sixty five or over.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- Upham, Warren (2001). Minnesota Place Names: A Geographical Encyclopedia. Minnesota Historical Society Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-87351-396-8.
- History of Cuyuna