Cuzamá Municipality

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Cuzamá
Principal Church of Cuzamá, Yucatán
Principal Church of Cuzamá, Yucatán
Region 3 Centro #015
Region 3 Centro #015
Cuzamá is located in Mexico
Cuzamá
Cuzamá
Location of the Municipality in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°44′00″N 89°18′00″W / 20.73333°N 89.30000°W / 20.73333; -89.30000Coordinates: 20°44′00″N 89°18′00″W / 20.73333°N 89.30000°W / 20.73333; -89.30000
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg Mexico
StateFlag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Mexico Ind.1821
Yucatán Est.1824
Municipality Founded1925
Government
 • TypePRI logo (Mexico).svg 2012–2015[1]
 • Municipal PresidentWilbert Orlando Soberanis Villanueva[2]
Area
 • Total150.73 km2 (58.20 sq mi)
 [2]
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2010[3])
 • Total4,966
 • Density33/km2 (85/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)
INEGI Code015
Major AirportMerida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA CodeMID
ICAO CodeMMMD
Municipalities of Yucatan

Cuzamá Municipality (In the Yucatec Maya Language: “place to swallow water”) is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán containing (150.73 km2) of land and located roughly 45 km southeast of the city of Mérida.[2]

History[edit]

It is unknown which chieftainship the area was under prior to the arrival of the Spanish. After the conquest the area became part of the encomienda system.[2] As early as 1607, the encomienda of Cuzamá was shared with the encomendero of Homún.[4] In 1710, the encomenderos were Alfonso de Aranda y Aguayo and Pedro de Mézquita.[2]

Yucatán declared its independence from the Spanish Crown in 1821 and in 1825, the area was assigned to the Coastal region with its headquarters in Izamal Municipality. In 1846, it passed to the Homún Municipality and was reassigned again in 1870 to the Acanceh Municipality.[2] It was designated as its own municipality by 1925.

Governance[edit]

The municipal president is elected for a three-year term. The town council has four councilpersons, who serve as Secretary and councilors of monuments and heritage, public services, policing commissaries, and ecology.[5]

The Municipal Council administers the business of the municipality. It is responsible for budgeting and expenditures and producing all required reports for all branches of the municipal administration. Annually it determines educational standards for schools.[5]

The Police Commissioners ensure public order and safety. They are tasked with enforcing regulations, distributing materials and administering rulings of general compliance issued by the council.[5]

Communities[edit]

The head of the municipality is Cuzamá, Yucatán. The other populated areas of the municipality include Chunkanán, Eknakán, Nohchakán, and Yaxcucul. The significant populations are shown below:[2]

Cenote de Cuzamá
Community Population
Entire Municipality (2010) 4,966[3]
Chunkanán 335 in 2005[6]
Cuzamá 3,577 in 2005[7]
Eknakán 659 in 2005[8]
Nohchakán 175 in 2005[9]

Local festivals[edit]

Every year from 1 to 8 September is a celebration for the Nativity of the Virgin Mary.[2]

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Church of the Holy Trinity, built in the sixteenth century
  • Church of St. Francis of Assisi, built in the colonial era
  • Archeological site at Chuncanan
  • Archeological site at Eknacan
  • Archeological site at Xculab
  • Cenotes of Cuzamá: Bolonchojol, Chacsinicche, Chelentun[10]
  • Hacienda Cuchbalam

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidentes Municipales" (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: PRI yucatan. 23 January 2014. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Municipios de Yucatán »Cuzamá" (in Spanish). Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Mexico In Figures:Cuzamá, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish and English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  4. ^ García Bernal, Manuela Cristina (1978). Población y encomienda en Yucatán bajo los Austrias (in Spanish). Sevilla: Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos. p. 119. ISBN 978-8-400-04399-5. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  5. ^ a b c "Cuzamá". inafed (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  6. ^ "Chunkanán". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Cuzamá". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  8. ^ "Eknakán". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  9. ^ "Nohchakán". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  10. ^ "The Cenotes of Cuzama". Yucatan Living. Yucatan Living. Archived from the original on 6 July 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2015.