cwm (window manager)
cwm running on OpenBSD
|Original author(s)||Marius Aamodt Eriksen|
|Developer(s)||Marius Aamodt Eriksen, Andy Adamson, Niels Provos, Martin Murray, Dimitris Economou, Antti Nykänen, Leah Neukirchen|
|Initial release||10 July 2004|
|Stable release||6.5 (24 April 2019[±])|
cwm (Calm Window Manager) is a stacking window manager for the X Window System. While it is primarily developed as a part of OpenBSD's base system, portable versions are available on other Unix-like operating systems.
Development of cwm started from patches to evilwm by Marius Aamodt Eriksen. To ease the implementation of new features, cwm was eventually rewritten using some code from 9wm. The last release by the original author came out in August 2005.
cwm is a stacking window manager oriented towards heavy keyboard usage, small footprint and ease of use. While it lacks explicit virtual desktops functionality, it can be emulated by using the window groups mechanism. cwm does not draw window decorations except for a 1-pixel border around windows.
cwm includes several menus:
- exec menu (launch an application)
- window menu (search for a running application)
- ssh to menu (start a Secure Shell session)
- exec wm menu (switch to a different window manager)
All these menus operate in a "search as you type" manner.
cwm allows raising, hiding, switching between, and searching for windows using just the keyboard, making it suitable to use as terminal emulator multiplexer. Furthermore, it allows manipulating pointing devices, such as mice, with the keyboard.
Additional key bindings and configuration options can be specified in the configuration file
cwm is noted to be used mainly due to its status as one of the default window managers in OpenBSD, though other reasons are sometimes cited. cwm is also praised for its flexibility, ease of use, and the fact that it can be used without a mouse.
- Czarkoff, Dmitrij D. (22 November 2011), "Introduction: calm window manager", OSNews, retrieved 23 November 2011
- "The X Window System", OpenBSD Frequently Asked Questions, OpenBSD, retrieved 7 May 2016
- Eriksen, Marius Aamodt, Old home page, archived from the original on 18 November 2011, retrieved 16 November 2011
- "cwm — a lightweight and efficient window manager for X11", OpenBSD manual pages, The OpenBSD project, retrieved 16 November 2011,
The from-scratch rewrite borrowed some code from 9wm, however that code has since been removed or rewritten.
- "xenocara/app/cwm/calmwm.c", OpenBSD CVS, OpenBSD, 27 April 2007, retrieved 30 April 2017
- OpenBSD CVS log, The OpenBSD CVS, retrieved 16 November 2011
- "OpenBSD 4.2", OpenBSD, 1 November 2007, retrieved 30 April 2017
- Neukirchen, Leah, portable version of OpenBSD's cwm(1) window manager, GitHub, retrieved 16 November 2011
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- Skinwalker (13 September 2011), OpenBSD – EEEPC, retrieved 16 November 2011
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- Pfennigs, Thilo (3 May 2008), Virtualized servers & OpenBSD, retrieved 16 November 2011
- Lucas, Michael W. (31 May 2011), my .cwmrc, retrieved 16 November 2011