Cyber spying

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Cyber spying, or cyber espionage, is the act or practice of obtaining secrets and information without the permission and knowledge of the holder of the information from individuals, competitors, rivals, groups, governments and enemies for personal, economic, political or military advantage using methods on the Internet, networks or individual computers through the use of proxy servers,[1] cracking techniques and malicious software including Trojan horses and spyware.[2][3] It may wholly be perpetrated online from computer desks of professionals on bases in far away countries or may involve infiltration at home by computer trained conventional spies and moles or in other cases may be the criminal handiwork of amateur malicious hackers and software programmers.[2]


Cyber spying typically involves the use of such access to secrets and classified information or control of individual computers or whole networks for a strategic advantage and for psychological, political and physical subversion activities and sabotage.[4] More recently, cyber spying involves analysis of public activity on social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter.[5]

Such operations, like non-cyber espionage, are typically illegal in the victim country while fully supported by the highest level of government in the aggressor country. The ethical situation likewise depends on one's viewpoint, particularly one's opinion of the governments involved.[4]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Residential proxy network use cases". GeoSurf. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Cyber Espionage". PC Magazine.
  3. ^ "Cyberspying". Techopedia.
  4. ^ a b Messmer, Ellen. "Cyber Espionage: A Growing Threat to Business". Retrieved Jan 21, 2008.
  5. ^ "Five Ways the Government Spies on You". The LockerGnome Daily Report. 7 November 2011.
  6. ^ "the Dukes, timeline". Archived from the original on 2015-10-13. Retrieved 2015-10-13.
  7. ^ "The Dukes Whitepaper" (PDF).
  8. ^ "F-Secure Press Room - Global".


External links[edit]