Cyclamen repandum

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Cyclamen repandum
Cyclamen repandum.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Primulaceae
Genus: Cyclamen
Subgenus: Psilanthum
Binomial name
Cyclamen repandum
Sm.

Cyclamen repandum, the spring sowbread,[1] is a species of flowering plant of the family Primulaceae, native to southern Europe and some Mediterranean islands. It is the most widespread of a group of cyclamens (genus Cyclamen subgenus Psilanthum) with wide, heart-shaped leaves, often coarsely toothed or lobed, and late spring-blooming flowers with long, slender petals.

Etymology[edit]

The name of the subgenus, Psilanthum, comes from Ancient Greek psilós "bare" and ánthos "flower".[2] The species name repandum is Latin for "bent back" or "turned up".[3]

Description[edit]

Cyclamen repandum grows in rocky areas, shrubland, and woodland near the Mediterranean from southeastern France through Italy to Serbia and on Corsica, Sardinia, and Sicily. The tuber of the C. repandum group roots only from the center of the bottom. Leaves are dark green with a lighter arrowhead pattern, not speckled. Flowers are deep carmine-pink or white, without a darker nose. They lack the auricles present in Cyclamen hederifolium.

The subspecies C. repandum subsp. repandum (wavy-edged cyclamen) has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[4]

Similar species[edit]

The Cyclamen repandum group also includes C. rhodium, C. balearicum, and C. creticum.

Hybrids[edit]

When species of the Cyclamen repandum group are growing together, hybrids can emerge:

  • Cyclamen × meiklei Grey-Wilson (C. creticum × C. repandum)
  • Cyclamen × saundersii Grey-Wilson (C. repandium × C. balearicum)
  • Cyclamen creticum × Cyclamen balearicum

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  2. ^ ψιλός, ἄνθος1. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project
  3. ^ rĕpandus. Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short. A Latin Dictionary on Perseus Project.
  4. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Cyclamen repandum subsp. repandum". Retrieved 18 June 2013. 

External links[edit]