Cycling at the 2012 Summer Olympics

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Cycling
at the Games of the XXX Olympiad
Cycling (BMX), London 2012.png Cycling (Mountain), London 2012.pngCycling (Road), London 2012.png Cycling (Track), London 2012.png
Pictograms for, clockwise from top left, BMX, mountain, track and road cycling.
Venue London Velopark (BMX, track)
Hadleigh Farm (mountain)
Central London, Surrey (road)
Dates 28 July – 12 August 2012
Competitors Total: 505
48 (BMX)
77 (mountain biking)
210 (road cycling)
176 (track cycling)
2008 2016

The cycling competitions at the 2012 Olympic Games in London took place at five venues between 28 July and 12 August. The venues were the London Velopark for track cycling and BMX,[1] and Hadleigh Farm, in Essex, for mountain biking.[2] The road races took place over a course starting and ending in The Mall in central London[3] and heading out into Surrey, while the time trials started and finished at Hampton Court Palace in Richmond upon Thames. Eighteen events were contested and around 500 athletes participated.

Cycling events have been contested in every Summer Olympics programme since the first modern Olympiad in 1896 alongside athletics, artistic gymnastics, fencing and swimming. Compared to the cycling at the 2008 Olympics, there were many changes in the Olympic track cycling programme. The men's and women's individual pursuit and points race, and the men's Madison were removed. Team sprint, team pursuit and keirin were added to the women's programme, while Omnium was a new race for both men and women.[4] Countries were restricted to one entry per track event, a restriction which seemed to be directed at preventing the British team from double-medalling in the same event as they had in four events in 2008,[5][6][7] thus lowering their medal chances. However, similar to the 2008 Beijing Games, the cycling events were dominated by the British team, which, with a haul including eight gold medals, was the only one to win more than a single gold medal.

Venues[edit]

The road racing at the Olympics and Paralympic Games was originally scheduled to take place in Regent's Park and on Hampstead Heath. Instead, the Olympic road races started and finished on The Mall in central London and headed out in a south-westerly direction to include loops around Box Hill in Surrey.[8] Road racing in the Paralympics took place at Brands Hatch.[9] The Olympic mountain bike event took place at Hadleigh Farm after the UCI labeled the course at Weald Country Park[10] "too easy" in July 2008.[11] It was touted that the course could be created in Wales.[12] A location in Kent was also considered.[13]

Qualification[edit]

Cycling at the
2012 Summer Olympics
List of cyclists
Road cycling
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg
Road race   men   women
Time trial men women
Track cycling
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg
Sprint men women
Team sprint men women
Keirin men women
Team pursuit men women
Omnium men women
Mountain biking
Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg
Cross-country men women
BMX
Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg
BMX men women
 
Qualification

Participating nations[edit]

Cyclists from 74 nations participated at the 2012 Summer Olympics.

Competition schedule[edit]

H Heats/preliminaries ¼ Quarterfinals ½ Semifinals F Final
BMX, mountain biking and road cycling[14][15][16]
Event↓/Date → Sat 28 Sun 29 Wed 1 Wed 8 Thu 9 Fri 10 Sat 11 Sun 12
Men's BMX H ¼ ½ F
Women's BMX H ½ F
Mountain biking
Men's cross-country F
Women's cross-country F
Road cycling
Men's road race F
Men's time trial F
Women's road race F
Women's time trial F
Track cycling[17]
Date → Thu 2 Fri 3 Sat 4 Sun 5 Mon 6 Tue 7
Event ↓ A A M A M A A M A
Men's Keirin H ½ F
Men's Omnium FL PR ER IP SR TT
Men's sprint H ¼ ½ F
Men's team pursuit H ½ F
Men's team sprint H ½ F
Women's Keirin H F
Women's Omnium FL PR ER IP SR TT
Women's sprint H ¼ ½ F
Women's team pursuit H ½ F
Women's team sprint H ½ F
M = Morning session, A = Afternoon session
FL = Flying Lap, PR = Points Race, ER = Elimination Race, IP = Individual Pursuit, SR = Scratch Race, TT = Time Trial

Medalists[edit]

Medal table[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Great Britain 8 2 2 12
2 Germany 1 4 1 6
3 France 1 3 0 4
4 Australia 1 2 3 6
5 United States 1 2 1 4
6 Colombia 1 1 1 3
7 Netherlands 1 0 2 3
8 Kazakhstan 1 0 0 1
Denmark 1 0 0 1
Latvia 1 0 0 1
Czech Republic 1 0 0 1
12 China 0 2 1 3
13 New Zealand 0 1 2 3
14 Switzerland 0 1 0 1
15 Russia 0 0 2 2
16 Canada 0 0 1 1
Hong Kong 0 0 1 1
Norway 0 0 1 1
Italy 0 0 1 1
Total 18 18 19 55

Road cycling[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's road race
details
Alexander Vinokourov
 Kazakhstan
Rigoberto Urán
 Colombia
Alexander Kristoff
 Norway
Women's road race
details
Marianne Vos
 Netherlands
Lizzie Armitstead
 Great Britain
Olga Zabelinskaya
 Russia
Men's time trial
details
Bradley Wiggins
 Great Britain
Tony Martin
 Germany
Chris Froome
 Great Britain
Women's time trial
details
Kristin Armstrong
 United States
Judith Arndt
 Germany
Olga Zabelinskaya
 Russia

Track cycling[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's Keirin
details
Chris Hoy
 Great Britain
Maximilian Levy
 Germany
Simon van Velthooven
 New Zealand
Teun Mulder
 Netherlands
Women's Keirin
details
Victoria Pendleton
 Great Britain
Guo Shuang
 China
Lee Wai Sze
 Hong Kong
Men's Omnium
details
Lasse Norman Hansen
 Denmark
Bryan Coquard
 France
Ed Clancy
 Great Britain
Women's Omnium
details
Laura Trott
 Great Britain
Sarah Hammer
 United States
Annette Edmondson
 Australia
Men's team pursuit
details
 Great Britain (GBR)
Ed Clancy
Geraint Thomas
Steven Burke
Peter Kennaugh
 
 Australia (AUS)
Jack Bobridge
Glenn O'Shea
Rohan Dennis
Michael Hepburn
 
 New Zealand (NZL)
Sam Bewley
Aaron Gate
Marc Ryan
Jesse Sergent
Westley Gough
Women's team pursuit
details
 Great Britain (GBR)
Danielle King
Laura Trott
Joanna Rowsell
 
 United States (USA)
Sarah Hammer
Dotsie Bausch
Jennie Reed
Lauren Tamayo
 Canada (CAN)
Tara Whitten
Gillian Carleton
Jasmin Glaesser
 
Men's individual sprint
details
Jason Kenny
 Great Britain
Grégory Baugé
 France
Shane Perkins
 Australia
Women's individual sprint
details
Anna Meares
 Australia
Victoria Pendleton
 Great Britain
Guo Shuang
 China
Men's team sprint
details
 Great Britain (GBR)
Philip Hindes
Chris Hoy
Jason Kenny
 France (FRA)
Grégory Baugé
Michaël D'Almeida
Kévin Sireau
 Germany (GER)
René Enders
Maximilian Levy
Robert Förstemann
Women's team sprint
details
 Germany (GER)
Kristina Vogel
Miriam Welte
 China (CHN)
Gong Jinjie
Guo Shuang
 Australia (AUS)
Kaarle McCulloch
Anna Meares

Mountain biking[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's cross-country
details
Jaroslav Kulhavý
 Czech Republic
Nino Schurter
 Switzerland
Marco Aurelio Fontana
 Italy
Women's cross-country
details
Julie Bresset
 France
Sabine Spitz
 Germany
Georgia Gould
 United States

BMX[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men
details
Māris Štrombergs
 Latvia
Sam Willoughby
 Australia
Carlos Oquendo
 Colombia
Women
details
Mariana Pajón
 Colombia
Sarah Walker
 New Zealand
Laura Smulders
 Netherlands

Broken records[edit]

Event Name Nation Score Date Record
Women's team sprint Gong Jinjie
Guo Shuang
China 32.447 s 2 August WR, OR
Gong Jinjie
Guo Shuang
China 32.422 s 2 August WR, OR
Men's team sprint Philip Hindes
Chris Hoy
Jason Kenny
Great Britain 42.747 s 2 August WR, OR
Philip Hindes
Chris Hoy
Jason Kenny
Great Britain 42.600 s 2 August WR, OR
Men's team pursuit Ed Clancy
Geraint Thomas
Steven Burke
Peter Kennaugh
Great Britain 3:52.499 2 August WR, OR
Ed Clancy
Geraint Thomas
Steven Burke
Peter Kennaugh
Great Britain 3:51.659 3 August WR, OR
Women's team pursuit Danielle King
Laura Trott
Joanna Rowsell
Great Britain 3:15.669 3 August WR, OR
Danielle King
Laura Trott
Joanna Rowsell
Great Britain 3:14.682 4 August WR, OR
Danielle King
Laura Trott
Joanna Rowsell
Great Britain 3:14.051 4 August WR, OR
Men's sprint Jason Kenny Great Britain 9.713 s 4 August OR
Women's sprint Victoria Pendleton Great Britain 10.724 s 5 August OR

References[edit]

  1. ^ "VeloPark". Archived from the original on 6 December 2009. Retrieved 11 December 2009. 
  2. ^ "Hadleigh Farm, Essex". Retrieved 11 December 2009. 
  3. ^ "The Mall | Venues". London 2012. Retrieved 2011-10-25. 
  4. ^ "IOC approves new events for London 2012". IOC. Retrieved 11 December 2009. 
  5. ^ William Fotheringham. "London 2012 rule changes likely to restrict GB cyclists' medal haul | William Fotheringham | Sport". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  6. ^ Cycling. "London 2012 Olympics: Sir Chris Hoy falls victim of controversial rule change". Telegraph. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  7. ^ "2008 Summer Olympics Track Cycling Results - Beijing, China - ESPN". Sports.espn.go.com. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  8. ^ "London 2012 website on road cycling". London2012.com. Retrieved 2011-10-25. 
  9. ^ "BBC Sport – Brands Hatch to host London 2012 Paralympic cycling". BBC News. 20 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-25. 
  10. ^ "BBC SPORT | Olympics | London 2012 | Essex venue to host 2012 biking". BBC News. 11 August 2008. Retrieved 2011-10-25. 
  11. ^ "BBC SPORT | Olympics & Olympic sport | London 2012 | Mountain bike course 'too easy'". BBC News. 1 February 2008. Retrieved 2011-10-25. 
  12. ^ "UK | Wales | Coe dampens mountain bike hopes". BBC News. 1 July 2008. Retrieved 2011-10-25. 
  13. ^ Keith Bingham (15 August 2008). "Lord Coe selects Hadleigh in Essex as 2012 Olympic mtb venue | Olympics 2012". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 2011-10-25. 
  14. ^ "Olympic sport competition schedule". London 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2012. 
  15. ^ "Olympic sport competition schedule". London 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2012. 
  16. ^ "Olympic sport competition schedule". London 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2012. 
  17. ^ "Olympic sport competition schedule". London 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2012. 

External links[edit]