Cycling at the Summer Paralympics

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Cycling at the Summer Paralympics
Cycling (road) pictogram (Paralympics).svg
Governing body IPC
Events 44 (men: 30; women: 12; mixed: 2)
Games

Cycling has been contested at every Summer Paralympic Games since the 1984 Summer Paralympics.

Classification[edit]

Cyclists with visual impairments are paired with a sighted pilot. Here Scott McPhee pilots to Kieran Modra's stocker.

Cyclists are given a classification depending on the type and extent of their disability. The classification system allows cyclists to compete against others with a similar level of function.[1]

At the 2008 Summer Paralympics and earlier, classes were:

At the 2012 Summer Paralympics, a functional para-cycling classification system was used.

  • B: Cyclists with a vision impairment, using a tandem bicycle
  • T 1–2: Cyclists with cerebral palsy, MS or similar neuro-motor impairment, using a tricycle
  • C 1–5: Cyclists with amputations, neuromotor or musculoskeletal impairment, using a bicycle
  • H 1–4: Cyclists using a handcycle

Factoring[edit]

In some cycling events, cyclists with different classifications compete against each other for one set of medals. Many (but not all) such events are factored, reducing the times of riders in lower classifications to take their greater impairment into account. Factoring percentages are based on average race times by riders in each classification.[2]

At the 2012 Summer Paralympics, factored races included the mixed tricycle time trial, Women's C1–3 road time trial,[3] Women's H1–2 road time trial and track C1–3 and C4–5 events.

Medal table[edit]

Updated to 2016 Summer Paralympics. Countries in italics are former countries who participated in the Paralympics.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Great Britain (GBR)41191373
2 Australia (AUS)37312997
3 United States (USA)23392991
4 Germany (GER)20241761
5 Italy (ITA)16101339
6 France (FRA)1371434
7 Spain (ESP)11151642
8 Netherlands (NED)10131235
9 China (CHN)10111435
10 Canada (CAN)9111333
11 Czech Republic (CZE)871025
12 Austria (AUT)710522
13 Poland (POL)57113
14 Switzerland (SUI)55818
15 Slovakia (SVK)44311
16 Belgium (BEL)43512
17 Ireland (IRL)43310
18 Belarus (BLR)4105
19 Ukraine (UKR)4004
20 Japan (JPN)37616
21 South Korea (KOR)36514
22 Norway (NOR)32510
23 New Zealand (NZL)23712
24 South Africa (RSA)2237
25 Romania (ROU)1203
26 Denmark (DEN)1001
27 Czechoslovakia (TCH)0202
 Finland (FIN)0202
29 West Germany (FRG)0123
30 Brazil (BRA)0112
 Portugal (POR)0112
32 Israel (ISR)0101
33 Colombia (COL)0033
34 Argentina (ARG)0022
 Lebanon (LIB)0022
36 Russia (RUS)0011
Totals (36 nations)250250243743

Events[edit]

Track cycling, Men[edit]

1984, 1988, 1992
  • no track events
1996
  • 200 m sprint tandem open
  • time trial tandem open
  • individual pursuit tandem open
  • mixed gender LC1, LC2 and LC3 events
2000
  • 1 km time trial tandem open
  • individual pursuit tandem open
  • sprint tandem open
  • mixed gender LC1, LC2 and LC3 events
2004
  • Men's 1 km time trial
    • CP 3/4
    • LC 1-4
    • B 1-3 (tandem)
  • Men's 3 km individual pursuit
    • CP 3
    • CP 4
    • LC 3
    • LC 4
  • Men's 4 km individual pursuit
    • LC 1
    • LC 2
    • B 1-3 (tandem)
  • Men's tandem sprint
    • B 1-3
  • Men's bicycle team sprint
    • LC 1-4&CP 3/4
2008
2012

Track cycling, Women[edit]

1996
  • Women's tandem time trial
  • Women's tandem individual pursuit
  • Mixed gender LC1, LC2 and LC3 events
2000
  • Women's tandem time trial
  • Women's tandem individual pursuit
  • Mixed gender LC1, LC2 and LC3 events
2004
2008
2012

Road cycling[edit]

Nations[edit]

Nation 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 Years
 Afghanistan (AFG)             2 2 2
 Albania (ALB)             1 1
 Argentina (ARG)             1 3 3 5 4
 Australia (AUS)             1 8 14 22 19 17 15 15 8
 Austria (AUT)             1 4 7 9 7 11 7 4 8
 Barbados (BAR)             1 1 2
 Belarus (BLR)             2 4 6 6 2 5
 Belgium (BEL)             3 7 5 2 1 3 4 8 8
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)             1 1
 Brazil (BRA)             1 1 2 1 2 2 5 7
 Burkina Faso (BUR)             2 2 1 2 4
 Canada (CAN)             4 3 15 7 10 12 15 15 14 9
 China (CHN)             6 8 8 11 4
 Colombia (COL)             1 4 3 6 4
 Costa Rica (CRC)             1 1 2
 Croatia (CRO)             1 2 2
 Cuba (CUB)             1 1 2
 Czech Republic (CZE)             3 6 8 8 8 8 6
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)             1 3 2
 Denmark (DEN)             1 3 2 2 4
 Dominican Republic (DOM)             1 1 2
 Estonia (EST)             1 1
 Finland (FIN)             1 2 2 2 3 5
 France (FRA)             1 6 16 17 18 9 9 14 5 9
 Germany (GER)             9 13 13 17 17 16 15 7
 Ghana (GHA)             1 1 2
 Great Britain (GBR)             1 1 7 8 8 8 12 19 20 9
 Greece (GRE)             4 2 5 6 4
 Haiti (HAI)             1 1
 Hungary (HUN)             2 1
 Iran (IRI)             1 1 1 3
 Ireland (IRL)             1 3 6 10 10 5
 Israel (ISR)             1 1 3 1 4
 Italy (ITA)             8 12 9 7 9 13 13 7
 Japan (JPN)             2 7 6 5 4 5 6
 Lebanon (LBN)             1 1 2
 Luxembourg (LUX)             1 2 2
 Malaysia (MAS)             2 4 2
 Mexico (MEX)             1 1
 Netherlands (NED)             3 4 7 3 5 6 11 18 8
 New Zealand (NZL)             2 5 6 8 4
 Norway (NOR)             3 2 4 4 6 7 1 2 1 9
 Pakistan (PAK)             1 1
 Peru (PER)             1 1
 Poland (POL)             3 6 6 12 4
 Portugal (POR)             3 1 1 1 2 5
 Romania (ROU)             1 3 2 2 4
 Russia (RUS)             2 1
 Serbia (SRB)             2 1
 Singapore (SGP)             2 2 2
 Slovakia (SVK)             2 4 4 4 6 5 6
 Slovenia (SLO)             1 1 1 1 4
 South Africa (RSA)             4 7 6 6 4
 South Korea (KOR)             10 5 3 4 2 2 2 3 8
 Spain (ESP)             17 26 23 14 16 16 12 7
 Sweden (SWE)             1 1 4 3
 Switzerland (SUI)             6 6 8 8 5 8 7 7
 Ukraine (UKR)             1 1 2
 Unified Team (EUN)             2 1
 United States (USA)             3 11 30 35 35 18 13 17 24 9
 Venezuela (VEN)             1 1 2 2 2 5
 West Germany (FRG)             3 1 2
Nations 8 11 19 23 25 39 39 48 45
Competitors 22 40 149 181 202 196 220 223 235
Year 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cycling Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine., Canadian Paralympic Committee
  2. ^ "Paralympics: Cyclist wins GB's first medal". Channel 4. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Cycling - Road". Australian Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 13 February 2013.