Cycling in Malta
The popularity of cycling in Malta as a sport, a means of commuting, and as a way of exploring the island of Malta is on the increase. In recent years, the Maltese authorities, most notably the Malta Transport Authority, have worked hard to make this activity more accessible and safer. Thanks also to some pioneering enterprises in this area, cycling is becoming a viable alternative to private cars for travel in the island.
Cycling is firmly ingrained in Maltese cultural heritage. As you would expect in an island whose official religion is Roman Catholic and where an estimated 95 percent profess to belong to this religion, cycling also features prominently in religious celebrations.
Most notably, the village feast of Zabbar, which is held annually on the first Sunday after the 8 September, features a motorcycle and bicycle pilgrimage each starting from Mosta and Rabat respectively. This is because the Zabbar church is dedicated to “Our Lady of Grace” (Madonna tal-Grazzja), who is also the patron of cyclists.
Cycling conditions in Malta
The island's small size – Malta's land area is just over 316 square kilometers (122 sq mi)  – makes its easily accessible by bike.
Indeed, an increasing number of areas in the capital, Valletta, and elsewhere are being pedestrianized, making cycling the ideal means of visiting them. Despite its size, however, Malta’s topography is quite hilly, and cycling may be quite challenging in some areas.
Cycle lanes and paths
In 2006, the Malta Transport Authority introduced bicycle lanes to promote and encourage more people to use bicycles as a greener alternative to private car use. although cyclists do not normally use the lanes due to unsafe surfaces, mainly attributed to poor planning. Although initially motorists did not always respect these lanes, the situation has improved significantly. Cyclists are also allowed to use bus lanes. However, cycling is not allowed in tunnels. The few cycle lanes tend to end and start abruptly. They rarely follow regular commuting routes and do not seem to be maintained very regularly. Sliema local council allows slow cycling along its promenade that does not hinder pedestrians, but this does not extend into Bisazza Street, a main shopping precinct, at the end of the promenade. However, despite citing the support of sustainable and non-polluting modes of transport, there is no cohesive and specific national programme aimed at encouraging cycling.
On the road conditions
Conditions for cyclists on the road are improving although cyclists should remain wary as to which routes to use and which to avoid. Cycling on main roads may at times be dangerous. Due to Malta's party scene and poor drunk driving record, early morning rides during weekends are particularly dangerous. Children on bikes and users of motorized bicycles are legally required to wear cycling helmets.
Road conditions themselves are improving although potholes and lack of proper surfacing, especially in smaller towns, remain an issue.
The Malta Transport Authority has installed a number of bicycle parking bays in various spots around the island, particularly, in tourist areas.
While bicycle theft in Malta is not high, the usual precautions of locking the bike should be taken.
Cycling and Malta’s public transport
With no trains and no underground, buses are the main means of public transport in Malta. The Maltese Government has privatized the public bus system. It is currently not possible to transport bicycles on public buses. However, it is possible to schedule the transportation of bicycles to any locations in Malta.
-  Malta By Bike – http://www.maltabybike.com - Retrieved 4 Feb 2011
- US Department of State. Retrieved 4 Feb 2011
-  Zabbar Local Council, http://www.freewebs.com/zabbar/ - Retrieved 4 Feb 2011
-  Encyclopedia of Nations, http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Europe/Malta.html - Retrieved 4 Feb 2011
-  European Cyclists Federation, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-04-13. Retrieved 2011-02-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) - Retrieved 4 Feb 2011
- Govt Malta, Laws of Malta LN 129 of 2004, Pedal and Low Powered Cycles Regulations, 2004
- Wightman. James, (2011), Bicycle Friendly Initiative in Sliema', Times of Malta, 25/05/2011.
- Wightman. James, (2011), 'Bicycle Highway in Memory of Cliff Micallef', Times of Malta, 28/02/2011.
- Govt Malta, Laws of Malta LN 129 of 2004, Pedal and Low Powered Cycles Regulations, 2004 http://www.justiceservices.gov.mt/DownloadDocument.aspx?app=lom&itemid=9209
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