Cycloartenol

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Cycloartenol
Cycloartenol.png
Ball-and-stick model of cycloartenol
Names
Other names
9beta,19-cyclo-24-lanosten-3beta-ol,
(3beta)-9,19-Cyclolanost-24-en-3-ol
Identifiers
469-38-5 YesY
3D model (Jmol) Interactive image
Interactive image
ChemSpider 16788581 YesY
PubChem 92110
Properties
C30H50O
Molar mass 426.72 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Cycloartenol is an important triterpenoid of the sterol class which is found in plants. It is the starting point for the synthesis of almost all plant steroids,[1] making them chemically distinct from the steroids of fungi and animals which are instead produced from lanosterol.

Synthesis[edit]

The biosynthesis of cycloartenol starts from the triterpenoid squalene. It is the first precursor in the biosynthesis of other stanols and sterols, referred to as phytostanols and phytosterols in photosynthetic organisms and plants. The identities and distribution of phytostanols and phytosterols is characteristic of a plant species.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schaller, Hubert (May 2003). "The role of sterols in plant growth and development". Progress in Lipid Research. 42 (3): 163–175. doi:10.1016/S0163-7827(02)00047-4.