Cycloheptane

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cycloheptane
Skeletal formula
Ball-and-stick model
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.005.483
Properties
C7H14
Molar mass 98.19 g·mol−1
Appearance colorless oily liquid
Density 0.8110 g/cm3
Melting point −12 °C (10 °F; 261 K)
Boiling point 118.4 °C (245.1 °F; 391.5 K)
negligible
Solubility very soluble in ethanol, ether
soluble in benzene, chloroform
log P 4.0
1.4436
Hazards
Flammable (F)
Harmful (Xn)
Dangerous for
the environment (N)
Severe eye irritant, may cause corneal clouding
NFPA 704
Flammability code 3: Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions. Flash point between 23 and 38 °C (73 and 100 °F). E.g., gasoline) Health code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 6 °C (43 °F; 279 K)
Related compounds
Related cycloalkanes
Cyclohexane Cyclooctane
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Cycloheptane is a cycloalkane with the molecular formula C7H14. Cycloheptane is used as a nonpolar solvent for the chemical industry and as an intermediate in the manufacture of chemicals and pharmaceutical drugs. It may be derived by Clemmensen reduction from cycloheptanone. Cycloheptane vapour is irritating to the eyes and may cause respiratory depression if inhaled in large quantity.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mackay, Donald (2006). Handbook of Physical-chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals. CRC Press. ISBN 1-56670-687-4.