Cyclohexene oxide

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Cyclohexene oxide
Cyclohexeenoxide.png
Names
IUPAC name
7-Oxabicyclo[4.1.0]heptane
Other names
Epoxycyclohexane
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.005.462
Properties
C6H10O
Molar mass 98.145 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid[1]
Density 0.97 g·cm−3[1]
Melting point ca. -40 °C[1]
Boiling point ca. 130 °C[1]
Practically insoluble[1]
Vapor pressure 12 mbar (at 20 °C)[1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Cyclohexene oxide is a cycloaliphatic epoxide. It can react in cationic polymerization to poly(cyclohexene oxide). As cyclohexene is monovalent, poly(cyclohexene oxide) is a thermoplastic.

Production[edit]

Cyclohexene oxide is produced in epoxidation reaction from cyclohexene. The epoxidation can take place either in a homogeneous reaction by peracids[2] or heterogeneous catalysis (e.g. silver and molecular oxygen).[3][4][5]

Cyclohexeenoxide-synthese.png

In industrial production the heterogeneously catalyzed synthesis is preferred because of better atom economy, a simpler separation of the product and easier recycling of catalyst. A short overview and an investigation of the oxidation of cyclohexene by hydrogen peroxide is given in the literature.[6] In recent times the catalytic oxidation of cyclohexene by (immobilized) metalloporphyrin complexes has been found to be an efficient way.[7][8]

Properties and reactions[edit]

Cyclohexene has been studied extensively by analytical methods.[9] Cyclohexene oxide can be polymerized in solution, catalyzed by a solid acid catalyst.[10]

Application[edit]

One of the known uses is in the synthesis of bromadoline.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Record of Epoxycyclohexane in the GESTIS Substance Database of the Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, accessed on 1 February 2014.
  2. ^ M. Quenard; V. Bonmarin; G. Gelbard (1987). "Epoxidation of olefins by hydrogen peroxide catalyzed by phosphonotungstic complexes". Tetrahedron Letters. 28 (20): 2237–2238. doi:10.1016/S0040-4039(00)96089-1.
  3. ^ Ha Q. Pham; Maurice J. Marks (2005), "Epoxy Resins", Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry (in German), doi:10.1002/14356007.a09_547.pub2, ISBN 3527306730
  4. ^ Siegfried Rebsdat; Dieter Mayer (2001), "Ethylene Oxide", Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry (in German), doi:10.1002/14356007.a10_117, ISBN 3527306730
  5. ^ "Spectroscopic investigation of the molybdenum active sites on MoVI heterogeneous catalysts for alkene epoxidation". Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions. 1995. doi:10.1039/FT9959103969.
  6. ^ Ambili, V K; Dr.Sugunan, S, Faculty of Sciences (ed.), Studies on Catalysis by Ordered Mesoporous SBA-15 Materials Modified with Transition Metals (in German), retrieved 2014-07-27CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ Costa, Andréia A. Ghesti; Grace F. de Macedo; Julio L. Braga; Valdeilson S. Santos; Marcello M. Dias; José A. Dias; Sílvia C.L. (2008). "Immobilization of Fe, Mn and Co tetraphenylporphyrin complexes in MCM-41 and their catalytic activity in cyclohexene oxidation reaction by hydrogen peroxide". Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical. 282 (1–2): 149–157. doi:10.1016/j.molcata.2007.12.024.
  8. ^ Xian-Tai Zhou; Hong-Bing Ji; Jian-Chang Xu; Li-Xia Pei; Le-Fu Wang; Xing-Dong Yao (2007). "Enzymatic-like mediated olefins epoxidation by molecular oxygen under mild conditions". Tetrahedron Letters. 48 (15): 2691–2695. doi:10.1016/j.tetlet.2007.02.066.
  9. ^ RM Ibberson; O. Yamamuro; I. Tsukushi (2006). "The crystal structures and phase behaviour of cyclohexene oxide". Chemical Physics Letters. 423 (4–6): 454–458. Bibcode:2006CPL...423..454I. doi:10.1016/j.cplett.2006.04.004.
  10. ^ Ahmed Yahiaoui; Mohammed Belbachir; Jeanne Claude Soutif; Laurent Fontaine (2005). "Synthesis and structural analyses of poly(1,2-cyclohexene oxide) over solid acid catalyst". Materials Letters. 59 (7): 759–767. doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2004.11.017.