|Appearance||clear to yellowish liquid|
|Odor||strong, fishy, amine odor|
|Melting point||−17.7 °C (0.1 °F; 255.5 K)|
|Boiling point||134.5 °C (274.1 °F; 407.6 K)|
|Solubility||very soluble in ethanol, oil
miscible in ethers, acetone, esters, alcohol, ketones
|Vapor pressure||11 mmHg (20° C)|
Refractive index (nD)
|S-phrases||S36 S37 S39|
|R/S statement||R21 R23 R25 R36 R37 R38 R41|
|Flash point||28.6 °C (83.5 °F; 301.8 K)|
|293 °C (559 °F; 566 K)|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (Median dose)
|156 mg/kg (rat, oral)|
|US health exposure limits (NIOSH):|
|TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3)|
IDLH (Immediate danger
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is: / ?)(|
Cyclohexylamine is an organic compound, belonging to the aliphatic amine class. It is a colorless liquid, although like many amines, samples are often colored due to contaminants. It has a fishy odor and is miscible with water. Like other amines, it is a weak base, compared to strong bases such as NaOH, but it is a stronger base than its aromatic analog, aniline.
It is a useful intermediate in the production of many other organic compounds. It is a metabolite of cyclamate.
Cyclohexylamine is produced by two routes, the main one being hydrogenation of aniline using cobalt or nickel catalysts:
- C6H5NH2 + 3 H2 → C6H11NH2
Cyclohexylamine is used as an intermediate in synthesis of other organic compounds. It is the precursor to sulfenamide-based reagents used as accelerators for vulcanization. It is a building block for pharmaceuticals (e.g., mucolytics, analgesics, and bronchodilators). The amine itself is an effective corrosion inhibitor. Some sweeteners are derived from this amine, notably cyclamate. The herbicide hexazinone is derived from cyclohexylamine.
LD50 (rat; p.o.) = 0.71 ml/kg
It is flammable, with flash point at 28.6 °C. It is toxic by both ingestion and inhalation; the inhalation itself may be fatal. It readily absorbs through skin, which it irritates. It is corrosive. Cyclohexylamine is listed as an extremely hazardous substance as defined by Section 302 of the U.S. Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act. It has been used as a flushing aid in the printing ink industry.
In regards to occupational exposures, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has suggested workers not be exposed to a recommended exposure limit of over 10 ppm (40 mg/m3) over an eight hour workshift.
- Merck Index, 11th Edition, 2735.
- "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0168". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
- H. K. Hall, J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1957) 79 5441.
- Karsten Eller, Erhard Henkes, Roland Rossbacher, Hartmut Höke "Amines, Aliphatic" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2005. doi:10.1002/14356007.a02_001
- The Merck Index, 10th Ed. (1983) p.392, Rahway: Merck & Co.
- Apps, E. A. (1958). Printing Ink Technology. London: Leonard Hill [Books] Limited. pp. ix.