Cyclone Burglind

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Eleanor (Burglind)
Satellite animation of Eleanor's lifetime over Western Europe (Seviri RGB Airmass view)
Area affectedAustria, Belgium, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom
Date of impact2–4 January 2018
Maximum wind gust226 kilometres per hour (140 mph), Goldau[1] (alt 578 m)
Lowest pressure966 hPa.[2]
Power outages~150000 customers in Republic of Ireland affected[4]
DamageInitial €643 million insured loss.[3]

Cyclone Burglind (known as Storm Eleanor in the United Kingdom and Ireland) was an extratropical cyclone and European windstorm that affected Ireland, the United Kingdom, France, Benelux, Germany, Austria and Switzerland on the 2–3 January 2018. The storm caused extensive damage and traffic disruption. It was given the name Eleanor by Met Éireann and the UK Met Office, while the Free University of Berlin named the low pressure Burglind.

Meteorological history[edit]

Eleanor developed to the west of Ireland as a secondary cyclone on 2 January to the parent low "Alja" to the southwest of Iceland, developing as a wave along the trailing cold front of the parent low.[2] Eleanor rapidly intensified reaching a minimum pressure of 966 hPa as it moved east across Scotland under a strong westerly jet stream.[2] Before the low centre tracked across the North Sea to Denmark. To the south of the central low Eleanor caused strong winds which covered a large footprint of across much of western Europe.[2]

The ECMWF operational forecast model of maximum winds featured a narrow corridor of strong winds crossing Ireland and Northern Ireland, which they suggested could be indicative of a Sting jet.[5]


A train came off the rails near Lenk, Switzerland during Burglind.

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c d Holland, Peter (17 January 2018). "Eleanor/Burglind: Another "Near-miss" for Europe?". Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Perils Puts Initial Loss Estimate for Extratropical Cyclone Burglind (Eleanor) at EUR 643M" (PDF). 13 February 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Crews continue to restore power to customers affected by Storm Eleanor". Archived from the original on 4 January 2018. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  5. ^ @ECMWF (5 January 2018). "The maximum modelled wind gusts during #StormEleanor at the beginning of January are shown. The fact that a narrow strong wind "corridor" extends inland (Ireland and N Ireland in this case) can be one signature of a sting jet" (Tweet) – via Twitter.