|Very severe cyclonic storm (IMD scale)|
|Category 4 (Saffir–Simpson scale)|
|Formed||May 30, 2010|
|Dissipated||June 7, 2010|
|Highest winds||3-minute sustained: 155 km/h (100 mph)
1-minute sustained: 230 km/h (145 mph)
|Lowest pressure||970 hPa (mbar); 28.64 inHg|
|Damage||$780 million (2010 USD)|
|Areas affected||Oman, Pakistan, India|
|Part of the 2010 North Indian Ocean cyclone season|
Cyclone Phet (IMD designation: ARB 02, JTWC designation: 03A, also known as Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Phet) was the third named cyclone of the 2010 North Indian Ocean cyclone season and powerful tropical cyclone. Phet developed from a low pressure area in the Arabian Sea that organized into a tropical cyclone on May 31. It initially moved to the northwest but later turned northwards before making landfall in the Oman Desert on June 4 at peak intensity. Weakening, it then shifted direction and headed northeast and made landfall as a deep depression at Thatta, Pakistan on the evening of June 6. Phet is a Thai word meaning Diamond. Damage from Phet in Oman was estimated to have exceeded $780 million.
Early on May 30, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) and the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) reported that an area of low pressure had formed about 925 km (575 mi), to the southwest of Mumbai, India. The area of low pressure had loose organized convection developing around the low level circulation center within the monsoon trough. The system was located to the south of a high pressure center anchored over Oman in an area of moderate vertical windshear. Early the next day as convection around the low level circulation center had consolidated further the JTWC issued a tropical cyclone formation alert whilst the IMD declared that a depression had formed out of the low pressure area and initiated advisories on it. Later that day the JTWC also initiated advisories on the Depression, designating it as Cyclone 03A as it had continued to consolidate despite moderate levels of vertical windshear.
Early on June 1 as vertical windshear around the Depression had relaxed, the IMD reported that the depression had intensified into a cyclonic storm and named it as Phet. Later that day the JTWC reported that Phet had started to rapidly intensify before reporting that the system had intensified into a Category 1 tropical cyclone on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale. During the next day the JTWC reported that Phet had continued to rapidly intensify before reporting that it had initially peaked as a Category 4 tropical cyclone with winds of 230 km/h (145 mph). Phet hit the Arabian Peninsula shortly afterwards with hurricane-force winds, and then crossed into the Arabian sea and was downgraded to a deep depression before it hit Pakistan, dissipating on June 7.
According to the IMD, Phet had the rarest of the rarest tracks with two landfalls and longest track in recent years.
In Oman, The Royal Oman Police had issued an emergency evacuation notice to the residents of Masirah and Ras al Hadd for the preparation of the tropical storm Phet. Oman's Government authorities are also advising residents to stay away from the seas while around 10,000 people have been moved to safer areas. Examinations have been put off and schools have declared holidays. Businesses downed their shutters early to allow staffers to go home. Some reports suggest that over 85 per cent of Masirah island has been evacuated, where Oman air, Oman's national carrier, has performed continuous flights all day along with the military to the local airport to evacuate locals. Meanwhile, rescue teams have been ordered to be present as a precautionary measure against the cyclone in the U.A.E. as the National Centre for Meteorology and Seismology (NCMS) warned of high tides and strong winds in the next 48 hours.
The President of Pakistan ordered the military and government to take "immediate precautionary measures" as the tropical cyclone approached. Around 60,000 residents were being evacuated from vulnerable coastal villages in the southern province of Sindh and another half a million could be affected in Balochistan province if Cyclone Phet smashes into Pakistan. Hospitals in Karachi and other coastal areas of Sindh were put on high alert amidst cyclone warning.
Over 8,000 people were evacuated from Kandla and Tuna in Kutch district in Gujarat, India, in view of the advancing cyclone. Three fire brigade teams with rescue vehicles were dispatched to Junagadh, Porbandar and Jamnagar for any eventuality. Power cuts were reported from parts of Saurashtra in Gujarat, India.
|Total (as of June 8)||44|
On June 4 in Oman, first report came that Cyclone Phet killed two persons including a Bangladeshi woman. Heavy rains drenched Oman's east coast as strong winds uprooted trees and signboards. The Oman News Agency said that army forces were deployed in the region as civil defense rescued three people from an area engulfed by floods in Wadi Sal valley. A further two rain-related deaths have been reported in Oman as Tropical Cyclone Phet weakened. An Omani citizen drowned when he tried to cross a flooded wadi, said Lieutenant-General Malik Bin Suleiman Al Ma'amari, Inspector General of Police and Customs Chairman of the National Civil Defence. An Asian died in Quriyat, on the eastern side of Muscat, when he was electrocuted in surging wadi waters. By June 5, a further eight were confirmed to be dead, resulting in death toll of 16. On June 6, an official report further increased the death toll to 24, including 21 Omanis and 3 expatriates (one each from India, Pakistan and Bangladesh). Meanwhile, Oman halted its oil and gas production due to bad weather as Cyclone Phet hit the small oil-producing country's coast.
Phet arrived in Balochistan, which saw 133 millimetres of rainfall on June 4. Authorities evacuated tens of thousands of people to safe areas and the country's army and navy were put on alert. Pasni, Gwadar and other coastal had no electricity due to heavy rains. High tides were also observed in Jiwani waters. Under the influence of this system, extremely heavy rainfall occurred over coastal areas of Balochistan (Gwadar 370 mm, Jiwani 208 mm, Pasni 139 mm) accompanied with very strong wind gusting to 120 km/hour. On June 6, showers started in Karachi (Masroor 133 mm, Faisal 92 mm, Saddar 84 mm up to midday June 6, 2010) with 35 mph winds under the influence of the cyclone, disrupting the city's railways and electricity transmission systems. At least 15 people have been killed, mostly by electrocution, and dozens injured by Phet in Pakistan. Phet has also left thousands of Pakistanis homeless. In the evening, the storm moved past Karachi about 50 km far and made landfall between coastlines of Thatta and Badin, causing heavy rain in the area. Hyderabad power supply was also disrupted from the downpour.
5 people were killed in the Indian state of Gujarat. Four people died in Kutch district in separate incidents of electrocution and lightning during the heavy rains that lashed the coastal areas and some other parts of Gujarat late on June 6. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) said the rains had been caused by Cyclone Phet which has weakened and is now over Rajasthan. On June 7 in Ahmedabad, a 10-year-old boy, fell into a pit filled with rainwater and drowned.
The drought prone Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan was hit with torrential rains. The entire western Rajasthan was badly affected by the spell of heavy rains due to Phet. Jaisalmer received over 120 mm rain. According to Jaisalmer SDM Ramesh Chandra Agarwal, a number of villages, including Lathi near Pokhran, have been submerged in water. Around 35 houses washed away in the rains as water level rose to 10 feet in Lathi village. The Army has been pressed into for the rescue operations and 300 villagers have been sent to safe places. The Air Force was also alerted.
35 blackbucks and 11 chinkaras were killed in the Tal Chhapar wildlife sanctuary in Churu district. The Chhapar sanctuary is one of the few places in India where black bucks are present in large numbers. Of the 35 black bucks that failed to survive Cylone Phet, 12 were adult females. Eight were males and the remaining 15 were fawns.
- Other past cyclones
- Related lists
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- Pakistan Meteorological Department
- India Meteorological Department
- Meteorological Department of Oman
- National Center for Meteorology and Seismology, UAE
- Joint Typhoon Warning Center, US