Cyclones BOB 03 and Yemyin

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Deep Depression BOB 03
Cyclonic Storm Yemyin
Cyclonic storm (IMD scale)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Cyclone 03B 26 jun 2007 0650Z.jpg
Cyclonic Storm Yemyin after Pakistan landfall
FormedJune 21, 2007 (2007-06-21) (BOB 03)
June 25, 2007 (2007-06-25) (Yemyin)
DissipatedJune 23, 2007 (2007-06-24) (BOB 03)
June 26, 2007 (2007-06-27) (Yemyin)
Highest winds3-minute sustained:
BOB 03: 55 mph (45 km/h)
Yemyin: 65 km/h (40 mph)
1-minute sustained:
BOB 03: 55 mph (45 km/h)
Yemyin: 95 km/h (60 mph)
Lowest pressureBOB 03: 988 mbar (hPa); 29.18 inHg
Yemyin: 986 hPa (mbar); 29.12 inHg
Fatalities983 total
Damage$2.1 billion (2007 USD)
Areas affectedIndia, Pakistan, Afghanistan
Part of the 2007 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

Deep Depression BOB 03 and Cyclonic Storm Yemyin (JTWC designation: 03B) were a pair of deadly tropical cyclones that made landfalls on India and Pakistan in June 2007. The Pakistan Meteorological Department referred to both as Tropical Cyclone 03B, naming it "Tropical Cyclone Yemyin". At the time, the official WMO body responsible for tropical cyclones in the Arabian Sea, the India Meteorological Department (IMD), did not name them. However, the IMD reassessed the second system to have reached cyclonic storm strength, and retroactively named it Yemyin.[1]

Throughout three countries, 983 people were killed: 730 in Pakistan, 140 in India, and 113 in Afghanistan. In all, the storms wrought roughly $2.1 billion in damage in India and Pakistan.[2]

Meteorological history[edit]

Map plotting the storm's track and intensity, according to the Saffir–Simpson scale
Map key
  Tropical depression (≤38 mph, ≤62 km/h)
  Tropical storm (39–73 mph, 63–118 km/h)
  Category 1 (74–95 mph, 119–153 km/h)
  Category 2 (96–110 mph, 154–177 km/h)
  Category 3 (111–129 mph, 178–208 km/h)
  Category 4 (130–156 mph, 209–251 km/h)
  Category 5 (≥157 mph, ≥252 km/h)
  Unknown
Storm type
▲ Extratropical cyclone / Remnant low / Tropical disturbance / Monsoon depression

A low-pressure area associated with the monsoon trough was first detected by the Naval Research Laboratory in the Bay of Bengal on June 17. Over the next few days, it developed a deep flaring convection near an exposed low-level circulation centre (LLCC) as it drifted in the open sea.[3] Despite moderate to high vertical wind shear, the disturbance produced surface pressure falls of up to 2.7 mbar (hPa) in Port Blair, in the Andaman Islands, on June 19.[4] Convection persisted around the increasingly well-defined LLCC, and the disturbance continued to consolidate under favourable diffluence.[5]

Early on June 21, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) declared the area a depression, 430 km (270 mi) east-southeast of Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India.[6] Several hours later, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert (TCFA), with winds near 30 kn (55 km/h, 35 mph).[7] The depression moved quickly west-northwest towards the northern Andhra Pradesh coast.[6] A subtropical ridge to the north weakened the wind shear which had been hindering the storm's development, allowing for further intensification.[7] Later that day, the IMD upgraded the system to a deep depression.[8] As convection organised with increasing ocean heat content, the JTWC issued its first warning on Tropical Cyclone 03B.[9]

The deep depression made landfall near Kakinda early on June 22 local time.[10] The JTWC issued its final advisory later, as the system began to weaken due to land interaction and wind shear.[11] The next day, the IMD downgraded it to a depression while it crossed the Deccan Plateau.[12] The final warning was issued on June 24, despite the storm having moved into the Arabian Sea.

The JTWC noted in its Significant Tropical Weather Outlook for the North Indian Ocean on June 24 that strong monsoonal low-level flow contributed to increased cyclonic vorticity, with low vertical wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures. It warned that these factors could lead to a rapid regeneration of the cyclone.[13] Early on June 25, the JTWC issued the second TCFA for this system as its LLCC crossed the coast into the Arabian Sea.[14] Shortly after the JTWC resumed advisories on the depression,[15] while IMD considered it as a separate system from BOB 03.[16]

As it moved northwest just off the Pakistani coast, winds of about 26 kn (48 km/h, 30 mph) and a surface pressure of 990 mbar (hPa) were observed in Karachi near midday on June 25.[17] According to the PMD, the centre of the system reached within 90 km (55 mi) of Karachi.[18] With favourable conditions and deep convection, the system intensified into a deep depression that day.[19] After further organization, it made its second landfall at about 0300 UTC June 26 along the Makran coast, near Ormara and Pasni, Balochistan Province, in southwestern Pakistan.[18][20][21] Upon reaching land, the cyclone began to weaken slowly,[22] and the JTWC issued its last advisory late on June 26.[23]

Impact[edit]

Cyclone Yemyin making landfall in the Balochistan Province

Pakistan[edit]

In Karachi, Pakistan, about 213 people died from rains and winds of 111 km/h (69 mph) caused by BOB 03[24] that might have been associated with an outer band of the cyclone.[25] The Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) had warned of heavy rains and wind from the system as early as Friday, June 22.[18]

Yemyin trapped 2 merchant ships: Al-Picaso and Lady Hamad, and 4 fishing boats: Al-Taif, Al-Noor, Sumbal Sultani, and Al-Tariq, 100 nmi (185 km, 115 mi) off Karachi. The Pakistan Navy rescued 56 sailors from the merchant ships and 36 fishermen from the fishing boats after they were detected by Breguet Atlantique aircraft.[26] The heavy downpour also flooded the Kech Korandi riverine, inundating the city of Turbat and causing more than 10,000 people to evacuate their houses.[27] At least 380 people died in Balochistan,[28] with another 250 dead in Sindh and 100 in the North-West Frontier Province,[29] and further rains associated with the remnants of the cyclone hampered rescue efforts. The cyclone affected at least 10 districts of Balochistan and 4 districts of Sindh, affecting the lives of at least 1.5 million people.[30] At least 2 million people were affected by the cyclone.[31] More than 2 million livestock, worth over 4 billion rupees, were killed by the storm.[32]

India[edit]

BOB 03 killed at least 140 people in India,[33] while it was still in the Bay of Bengal. Property losses from the storm were estimated at 24 billion rupees.[34]

Afghanistan[edit]

Over 80 people were killed in floods associated with the remnants of Yemyin in Afghanistan.

Naming[edit]

Yemyin means Hippo in Myanmar. The PMD referred to the deep depression as Tropical Cyclone Yemyin, the next name on the list at the time.[18] The IMD, the official Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre for the North Indian Ocean, did not operationally upgrade or name the system due to intense Indo-Pakistani relations.[35] However, on August 6, the IMD reassessed the deep depression to have reached cyclonic storm strength, and retroactively designated the system as Cyclonic Storm Yemyin in its mid-season review.[1] This was confirmed by the designation of Cyclonic Storm Sidr, the next name on the list after Yemyin, in November.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b . "Yemyin" means Hippo in Myanmar (Burma) language
  2. ^ Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters. "EM-DAT: The Emergency Events Database". Université catholique de Louvain.
  3. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Indian Ocean 191800Z-201800Z". JTWC. June 19, 2007. Archived from the original on September 9, 2009. Retrieved 2008-10-23.
  4. ^ "Significant Tropical Weather Advisory for the Indian Ocean 191800Z-201800ZJUN2007". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. June 20, 2007. Archived from the original on August 5, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  5. ^ "Depression over Bay of Bengal (BOB 03/2007/01)". India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on November 16, 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-23.
  6. ^ a b "Depression over Bay of Bengal (BOB 03/2007/01)". India Meteorological Department. June 21, 2007. Archived from the original on November 16, 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-26.
  7. ^ a b "Tropical Cyclon Formation Alert". JTWC. June 21, 2007. Archived from the original on June 21, 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-26.
  8. ^ "Deep Depression over Bay of Bengal (BOB 03/2007/03)". India Meteorological Department. June 21, 2007. Archived from the original on November 16, 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-23.
  9. ^ https://www.webcitation.org/5PlTDy9FR?url=http://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/warnings/io032007web.txt[dead link]
  10. ^ "Deep Depression over Bay of Bengal (BOB 03/2007/06)". India Meteorological Department. June 21, 2007. Archived from the original on November 16, 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-26.
  11. ^ "Tropical Cyclone 03B Warning Nr 003". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Archived from the original on June 27, 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-23.
  12. ^ "Depression over Marathawada (BOB 03/2007/09)". India Meteorological Department. June 23, 2007. Archived from the original on November 16, 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-23.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-06-24. Retrieved 2007-06-24.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2007-06-25.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Tropical Cyclone 03B Warning Nr 004". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. June 25, 2007. Archived from the original on June 27, 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-26.
  16. ^ "REPORT ON CYCLONIC DISTURBANCES OVER NORTH INDIAN OCEAN DURING 2007" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 12, 2013. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
  17. ^ https://www.webcitation.org/5PrbCzNT4?url=http://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/warnings/io0307web.txt[dead link]
  18. ^ a b c d "Government of Pakistan". Archived from the original on 2007-06-29. Retrieved 2007-06-26.
  19. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  20. ^ "Dems-RSMC Tropical Cyclones New Delhi Dated 27-04-2008". Archived from the original on 2008-05-01. Retrieved 2007-06-26.
  21. ^ https://www.webcitation.org/5PstmCWco?url=http://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/warnings/io0307web.txt[dead link]
  22. ^ [2][permanent dead link]
  23. ^ https://www.webcitation.org/5PuGtXmFM?url=http://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/warnings/io0307web.txt[dead link]
  24. ^ "History: Weather Underground". Wunderground.com. 2007-06-23. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
  25. ^ "South Asia | Storms in Karachi kill 200 people". BBC News. 2007-06-24. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
  26. ^ "NEWS : AAJ Television: Pakistan's Premier Channel". Archived from the original on 2007-05-17. Retrieved 2007-06-27.
  27. ^ "The News International: Latest News Breaking, Pakistan News". Archived from the original on 2016-09-18. Retrieved 2007-06-27.
  28. ^ "Pakistan cyclone death toll hits 380 (The Times of India)". The Times of India. 2007-07-03. Archived from the original on 2012-10-17. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
  29. ^ "Pakistan cyclone death toll hits 380, thousands face starvation". Hindustan Times. 2007-07-02. Archived from the original on 2009-06-01. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
  30. ^ "Geo.tv: Latest News Breaking Pakistan, World, Live Videos". Archived from the original on 2020-10-17. Retrieved 2007-07-05.
  31. ^ "South Asia | Pakistan flood toll rises to 240". BBC News. 2007-07-03. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
  32. ^ "ISI 'exporting violence' to Afghanistan: Mullen". Thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
  33. ^ "South Asia | Flood devastation in South Asia". BBC News. 2007-06-26. Retrieved 2011-09-23.
  34. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-07. Retrieved 2009-04-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  35. ^ "Cyclone Warfare Between India and Pakistan? : The Intersection". Scienceblogs.com. Archived from the original on 2011-08-26. Retrieved 2011-09-23.

External links[edit]