Cygnus OA-4

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Cygnus CRS OA-4)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

OA-4
OA-4 Cygnus AtlasV launch (2015-3497).jpg
An Atlas V 401 launches the S.S. Deke Slayton II.
NamesOrbital-4 (2008–2015)
Mission typeISS Resupply [1]
OperatorOrbital ATK
COSPAR ID2015-072A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.41101
Mission duration75 days, 18 hours, 15 minutes
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftS.S. Deke Slayton II
Spacecraft typeEnhanced Cygnus[2]
Manufacturer
Launch mass7,492 kg (16,517 lb)[3]
Payload mass3,513 kg (7,745 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date6 December 2015, 21:44:57 UTC
RocketAtlas V 401 (AV-061)
Launch siteCape Canaveral SLC-41
ContractorUnited Launch Alliance
End of mission
DisposalDeorbited
Decay date20 February 2016, 16:00 UTC[4]
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit[5]
RegimeLow Earth orbit
Inclination51.64°
Berthing at the International Space Station
Berthing portUnity nadir
RMS capture9 December 2015, 11:19 UTC [6]
Berthing date9 December 2015, 14:26 UTC
Unberthing date19 February 2016, 10:38 UTC [7]
RMS release19 February 2016, 12:26 UTC
Time berthed71 days, 20 hours, 12 minutes
Orbital Sciences CRS Flight 4 Patch.png
NASA insignia  
← Orb-3
OA-6 →

OA-4, previously known as Orbital-4, was the fourth successful flight of the Orbital ATK uncrewed resupply spacecraft Cygnus and its third flight to the International Space Station (ISS) under the Commercial Resupply Services (CRS-1) contract with NASA.[8][9] With the Antares launch vehicle undergoing a redesign following its failure during the Orb-3 launch, OA-4 was launched by an Atlas V launch vehicle. Following three launch delays due to inclement weather beginning on 3 December 2015, OA-4 was launched at 21:44:57 UTC on 6 December 2015. With a liftoff weight of 7,492 kg (16,517 lb), OA-4 became the heaviest payload ever launched on an Atlas V.[10] The spacecraft rendezvoused with and was berthed to the ISS on 9 December 2015.[6] It was released on 19 February 2016 after 72 days at the International Space Station. Deorbit occurred on 20 February 2016 at approximately 16:00 UTC.[4]

Spacecraft[edit]

OA-4 was the fourth of eight flights by Orbital ATK under the Commercial Resupply Services (CRS-1) contract with NASA and the inaugural flight of the larger Enhanced Cygnus PCM. The mission was originally scheduled for 1 April 2015.[11] The Atlas V launch vehicle launched in the 401 vehicle configuration with a four-meter fairing, no solid rocket boosters and a single-engine Centaur upper stage.[8]

In an Orbital ATK tradition, this Cygnus spacecraft was named Deke Slayton II after Deke Slayton, one of NASA's original Mercury Seven astronauts and Director of Flight Operations, who died in 1993. This spacecraft reuses the name Deke Slayton, originally applied to the Orb-3 spacecraft which was lost in an Antares rocket explosion in October 2014.[12]

Manifest[edit]

The mission was the first flight of the enhanced variant of Orbital ATK's Cygnus spacecraft, capable of delivering more than 3,500 kg (7,700 lb) of essential crew supplies, equipment and scientific experiments to the International Space Station (ISS).

Total cargo: 3,349 kilograms (7,383 lb)[6][13]

  • Crew supplies: 1,181 kg (2,604 lb)
    • Crew care packages
    • Crew provisions
    • Food
  • Vehicle Hardware: 1,010 kg (2,230 lb)
    • Crew health care system hardware
    • Environment control and life-support equipment
    • Electrical power system hardware
    • Extravehicular robotics equipment
    • Flight crew equipment
    • PL facility
    • Structural and mechanical equipment
    • Internal thermal control system hardware
  • Science Investigations: 847 kg (1,867 lb)
    • A new life science facility called the Space Automated Bio Lab (SABL) that will support studies on cell cultures, bacteria, and other micro-organisms;
    • A microsatellite deployer and the second microsatellite to be deployed from the space station;
    • The NASA LONESTAR experimental payload consisting of the AggieSat4 and Bevo-2 satellites[14]
    • Experiments that will study the behavior of gases and liquids and clarify the thermo-physical properties of molten steel; and
    • Evaluations of flame-resistant textiles.
  • Computer Resources: 87 kilograms (192 lb)
    • Command and data handling
    • Photo and TV equipment
  • Spacewalk Equipment: 230 kg (510 lb)

Total cargo with packing material: 3,513 kg (7,745 lb)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NASA Science, Cargo Heads to Space Station on Northrop Grumman Resupply Mission". NASA. 2 October 2020. Retrieved 31 May 2021. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ "Space industry giants Orbital upbeat ahead of Antares debut". NASASpaceFlight.com. 22 February 2012. Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  3. ^ "International Space Station and crew awaiting Atlas 5 launch of Cygnus". Spaceflight Now. 29 November 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  4. ^ a b "At ~11 am ET today..." twitter.com. Orbital ATK. 20 February 2016. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
  5. ^ "Cygnus ORB-4". N2YO.com. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  6. ^ a b c Ray, Justin (9 December 2015). "U.S. resupply of space station successfully resumes". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  7. ^ Evans, Ben (19 February 2016). "As OA-4 Cygnus Departs, Commercial Cargo Providers Prepare for Busy Visiting Vehicle Manifest". AmericaSpace. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Launch Schedule". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  9. ^ "International Space Station Flight Schedule". SEDS. 15 May 2013.
  10. ^ Ray, Justin (6 December 2015). "Atlas 5 rocket sends Cygnus in hot pursuit of space station". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  11. ^ Graham, William; Bergin, Chris (28 October 2014). "Orbital's Antares fails seconds after launch". NASASpaceFight.com.
  12. ^ "Orbital ATK's Cargo Delivery Mission to International Space Station Set to Launch". Orbital ATK. 1 December 2015. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  13. ^ "Orbital ATK CRS-4 Mission Overview" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 9 December 2015. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  14. ^ "Low Earth Orbiting Navigation Experiment for Spacecraft Testing Autonomous Rendezvous and Docking (LONESTAR)". NASA. Retrieved 12 December 2015. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

External links[edit]

Media related to Cygnus 5 at Wikimedia Commons