Cyhyraeth

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The cyhyraeth (Welsh pronunciation: [kəˈhəreθ]), also spelled cyoeraeth[1] or cyheuraeth (probably from the noun cyhyr "muscle, tendon; flesh" + the termination -aeth; meaning "skeleton, a thing of mere flesh and bone"; "spectre", "death-portent", "wraith"),[2] is a ghostly spirit in Welsh mythology, a disembodied moaning voice that sounds before a person's death.

Legends associate the cyhyraeth with the area around the River Tywi in eastern Dyfed, as well as the coast of Glamorganshire. The noise is said to be "doleful and disagreeable", like the groans and sighs of someone deathly ill, and to sound three times (growing weaker and fainter each time) as a threefold warning before the person expires. Along the Glamorganshire coast, the cyhyraeth is said to be heard before a shipwreck, accompanied by a corpse-light.

Like the Irish banshee and the Scottish Cailleach, to which the cyhyraeth and the Gwrach y Rhibyn are closely related, the cyhyraeth also sounds for Welsh natives dying far from home.[3]

Gwrach y Rhibyn[edit]

The legend of the cyhyraeth is sometimes conflated with tales of the Gwrach-y-Rhibyn[4] (pronounced [ˈɡwrɑːx ə ˈhribɨn]) or Hag of the Mist, a monstrous Welsh spirit in the shape of a hideously ugly woman – a Welsh saying, to describe a woman without good looks, goes, "Y mae mor salw â Gwrach y Rhibyn" (she is as ugly as the Gwrach y Rhibyn)[5] – with a harpy-like appearance: unkempt hair and wizened, withered arms with leathery wings, long black teeth and pale corpse-like features. She approaches the window of the person about to die by night and calls their name,[5] or travels invisibly beside them and utters her cry when they approach a stream or crossroads,[1][6] and is sometimes depicted as washing her hands there.[7] Most often the Gwrach y Rhibyn will wail and shriek "Fy ngŵr, fy ngŵr!" (My husband! My husband!) or "Fy mhlentyn, fy mhlentyn bach!" (My child! My little child!), though sometimes she will assume a male's voice and cry "Fy ngwraig! Fy ngwraig!" (My wife! My wife!).

If it is death that is coming, the name of the one doomed to die is supposed to be heard in her "shrill tenor". Often invisible, she can sometimes be seen at a crossroad or a stream when the mist rises.[1]

Some speculation has been asserted[according to whom?] that this apparition may have once been a water deity, or an aspect of the Welsh goddess Dôn. She is the wife of Afagddu, the despised son of Ceridwen and Tegid Foel, in some retellings of the Taliesin myth.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Wiffen, B. B., Choice Notes from "Notes and Queries", P.P. - London. - Notes and Queries, William John Thoms. p. 32
  2. ^ Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru: A Dictionary of the Welsh Language, p. 746.
  3. ^ ""Profiles - Myth & Legend: APPARITIONS, GHOSTS & PHANTOMS"". Aerie, the Peregrine Netzine. Retrieved 2018-01-19.
  4. ^ Owen, Elias, Welsh Folk-Lore pp. 153-4
  5. ^ a b Wirt Sikes. British Goblins: Welsh Folk-lore, Fairy Mythology, Legends and Traditions. (2nd edition) London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1880. Page 216.
  6. ^ www.peregrine-net.com
  7. ^ Jones's Celtic Encyclopedia
  8. ^ Wirt Sikes. British Goblins: Welsh Folk-lore, Fairy Mythology, Legends and Traditions. (2nd edition) London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1880. Page 219.